Secondary School Teachers teach one or more subjects within a prescribed curriculum to secondary school students and promote students' social, emotional, intellectual and physical development.

A Bachelor Degree or higher is required. Nearly all workers have a university degree. Sometimes relevant experience or on-the-job training is also needed. Registration with the relevant state or territory board of education may be required.

Tasks

  • presenting prescribed curriculum using a range of teaching techniques and materials
  • developing students' interests, abilities and coordination by way of creative activities
  • guiding discussions and supervising work in class
  • preparing, administering and marking tests, projects and assignments to evaluate students' progress and recording the results
  • discussing individual progress and problems with students and parents, and seeking advice from Student Counsellors and senior teachers
  • maintaining discipline in classrooms and other school areas
  • participating in staff meetings, educational conferences and workshops
  • liaising with parent, community and business groups
  • maintaining class and scholastic records
  • performing extra-curricular tasks such as assisting with sport, school concerts, excursions and special interest programs
  • supervising student teachers on placement

Job Titles

  • Secondary School Teacher

    Fast Facts

    • Avg. Weekly Pay

      $1,500 Before Tax
    • Future Growth

      moderate
    • Skill Level

      Bachelor Degree or higher
    • Employment Size

      134000
    • Unemployment

      below average
    • Male Share

      37.6%
    • Female Share

      62.4%
    • Full-Time Share

      80.2%

    Find Vacancies

    This is a very large occupation employing 134,000 workers. Over the past 5 years the number of jobs has fallen slightly.
    Moderate growth is expected in the future. New jobs and turnover from workers leaving may create more than 50,000 job openings over the 5 years to 2020.

    • Secondary School Teachers work in most parts of Australia.
    • They nearly all work in Education and Training.
    • Full-time work is common. Full-time workers, on average, work 41.9 hours per week (compared to the all jobs average of 40 hours).
    • Average earnings for full-time workers are around $1,500 per week (higher than the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • The average age is 43 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years) and around 5 in 10 workers are aged 45 years or older.
    • Around 6 in 10 workers are female.
    • In 2016, the unemployment rate was below average.

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Employment trend data to November 2015 and Department of Employment projections to 2020.
    YearNumber of Workers
    2005136800
    2006127100
    2007135500
    2008131700
    2009137700
    2010144200
    2011120000
    2012142600
    2013127700
    2014125600
    2015134000
    2020144500

    Weekly Earnings

    Full-time Earnings

    All Jobs Average

    Weekly Earnings (before tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsSecondary School TeachersAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings15001230

    Hours

    Weekly Hours Worked

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Hours actually worked by people who usually work full-time, and share of employment by full-time and part-time status, for this job compared to the all jobs average.
    CategorySecondary School TeachersAll Jobs Average
    Full-time80.268.4
    Part-time19.831.6
    Average Weekly Hours (full-time)41.940

    Main Industries

    Top Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Education and Training98.9
    Public Administration and Safety1
    Other Services0.1
    Administrative and Support Services0.1

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateSecondary School TeachersAll Jobs Average
    NSW33.231.8
    VIC28.925.5
    QLD18.319.8
    SA5.86.8
    WA9.811.2
    TAS2.32
    NT0.71.1
    ACT1.11.8

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketSecondary School TeachersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-190.2-5.45.4
    20-245.3-9.99.9
    25-3426.7-23.423.4
    35-4422.7-21.721.7
    45-5423.1-21.121.1
    55-5913-8.78.7
    60-646.2-5.95.9
    65 and Over2.8-3.83.8

    Gender

    Male Share

    Female Share

    Gender (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Male and female share of employment in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    CategorySecondary School TeachersCategoryAll Jobs Average
    Males37.6Males53.6
    Females62.4Females46.4

    Education Level

    Top Education Levels

    Highest Level of Education (% share)

    Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationSecondary School TeachersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate35.7-8.68.6
    Bachelor degree60-17.917.9
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma2.6-10.110.1
    Certificate III/IV0.5-18.918.9
    Year 121.2-18.718.7
    Years 11 & 100-17.717.7
    Below Year 100-8.18.1

    A Bachelor Degree or higher is required. Nearly all workers have a university degree. Sometimes relevant experience or on-the-job training is also needed. Registration with the relevant state or territory board of education may be required.

    If you are interested in this style of work, there are a wide range of training options available that could lead to this or a similar job.
    The pathway that is right for you will depend on your skills and interests.

    It is a good idea to speak to industry bodies, employers, and workers to learn more about the skills and qualifications you will need.

    Employers look for Secondary School Teachers who can communicate and connect with others, who are caring, compassionate and empathetic.

    Knowledge

    The topics, subjects, or knowledge areas workers rate as most important are shown below.

    1. Education and Training

      86% Important

      Teaching and course design.

    2. English Language

      84% Important

      English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    3. Psychology

      75% Important

      Human behaviour and performance; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioural and affective disorders.

    4. Computers and Electronics

      69% Important

      Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

    5. Mathematics

      68% Important

      Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

    Occupational Information Network Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education Opens in a new window
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Activities

    The work activities workers rate as most important are shown below.

    1. Training and Teaching Others

      91% Important

      Identifying the educational needs of others, developing training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

    2. Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work

      84% Important

      Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

    3. Getting Information

      82% Important

      Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

    4. Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Staff

      80% Important

      Giving information to supervisors, co-workers, and staff by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

    5. Coaching and Developing Others

      79% Important

      Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping others to improve.

    Occupational Information Network Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education Opens in a new window
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

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