Child Carers provide care and supervision for children in residential homes and non-residential childcare centres.

A Certificate II or III, or at least 1 year of relevant experience, is usually needed to work in this job. Sometimes experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification. For Child Care Workers, either a Certificate III or Diploma is required to meet Government regulations. Registration or licensing may be required and additional certificates may also be necessary.

Tasks

  • assisting in the preparation of materials and equipment for children's education and recreational activities
  • managing children's behaviour and guiding children's social development
  • preparing and conducting activities for children
  • entertaining children by reading and playing games
  • supervising children in recreational activities
  • supervising the daily routine of children
  • supervising the hygiene of children

Job Titles

  • Child Care Worker
  • Family Day Care Worker
  • Nanny
  • Out of School Hours Care Worker
  • Child Care Worker (also called Child Care Aide)

    Provides care and supervision for children in programs, such as long day care and occasional care, in childcare centres, hospitals and educational centres. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Child Care Group Leader, Children's Nursery Assistant, Creche Attendant, Early Childhood Worker

  • Family Day Care Worker (also called Family Day Carer)

    Provides care and supervision for babies and children, usually in the carer's own home and under local government or community-based schemes. Registration or licensing may be required.

  • Nanny

    Assists parents in the provision of ongoing care and supervision for babies and children, usually in the child's home.

  • Out of School Hours Care Worker

    Provides care for school age children in an out of school hours care program. Registration or licensing may be required.

Fast Facts

  • Avg. Weekly Pay

    $800 Before Tax
  • Future Growth

    very strong
  • Skill Level

    Certificate II or III
  • Employment Size

    149600
  • Unemployment

    average
  • Male Share

    4.8%
  • Female Share

    95.2%
  • Full-Time Share

    45.6%

Find Vacancies

This is a very large occupation employing 149,600 workers. Over the past 5 years the number of jobs has grown strongly.
Very strong growth is expected in the future. New jobs and turnover from workers leaving may create more than 50,000 job openings over the 5 years to 2020.

  • Child Carers work in most parts of Australia.
  • They mainly work in: Health Care and Social Assistance; Education and Training; and Other Services.
  • Part-time work is very common. Full-time workers, on average, work 36.6 hours per week (compared to the all jobs average of 40 hours).
  • Average earnings for full-time workers are around $800 per week (lower than the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • The workforce is fairly young. The average age is 32 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years). Around 3 in 10 workers are young (aged 15 to 25 years).
  • More than 9 in 10 workers are female.
  • In 2016, the unemployment rate was similar to the average.

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Employment trend data to November 2015 and Department of Employment projections to 2020.
YearNumber of Workers
200589200
200694600
2007100200
2008100500
2009105800
2010106100
2011108600
2012115300
2013128600
2014132300
2015149600
2020188600

Weekly Earnings

Full-time Earnings

All Jobs Average

Weekly Earnings (before tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsChild CarersAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings8001230

Hours

Weekly Hours Worked

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Hours actually worked by people who usually work full-time, and share of employment by full-time and part-time status, for this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryChild CarersAll Jobs Average
Full-time45.668.4
Part-time54.431.6
Average Weekly Hours (full-time)36.640

Main Industries

Top Industries

Main Employing Industries (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Health Care and Social Assistance70.9
Education and Training19.3
Other Services5.7
Arts and Recreation Services1.4
Other Industries2.7

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateChild CarersAll Jobs Average
NSW32.731.8
VIC28.925.5
QLD19.419.8
SA7.46.8
WA6.911.2
TAS1.72
NT1.21.1
ACT1.81.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketChild CarersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-198.7-5.45.4
20-2420.5-9.99.9
25-3427.2-23.423.4
35-4419.8-21.721.7
45-5414.3-21.121.1
55-595.1-8.78.7
60-643.8-5.95.9
65 and Over0.7-3.83.8

Gender

Male Share

Female Share

Gender (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Male and female share of employment in this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryChild CarersCategoryAll Jobs Average
Males4.8Males53.6
Females95.2Females46.4

Education Level

Top Education Levels

Highest Level of Education (% share)

Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationChild CarersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate6.9-8.68.6
Bachelor degree10.2-17.917.9
Advanced Diploma/Diploma29.9-10.110.1
Certificate III/IV27.8-18.918.9
Year 1217.1-18.718.7
Years 11 & 106.1-17.717.7
Below Year 101.9-8.18.1

A Certificate II or III, or at least 1 year of relevant experience, is usually needed to work in these occupations. Sometimes experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification. For Child Care Workers, either a Certificate III or Diploma is required to meet Government regulations. Registration or licensing may be required and additional certificates may also be necessary.

If you are interested in this style of work, there are a wide range of training options available that could lead to this or a similar job.
The pathway that is right for you will depend on your skills and interests.

It is a good idea to speak to industry bodies, employers, and workers to learn more about the skills and qualifications you will need.

Employers look for Child Carers who are caring, compassionate, empathetic, and interact well with others.

Knowledge

The topics, subjects, or knowledge areas workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Customer and Personal Service

    70% Important

    Customer and personal services. This includes understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  2. Psychology

    65% Important

    Human behaviour and performance; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioural and affective disorders.

  3. Education and Training

    63% Important

    Teaching and course design.

  4. English Language

    63% Important

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  5. Public Safety and Security

    56% Important

    Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

Occupational Information Network Child Care Workers Opens in a new window
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

The work activities workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Assisting and Caring for Others

    92% Important

    Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support to people such as co-workers, customers, or patients.

  2. Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Staff

    78% Important

    Giving information to supervisors, co-workers, and staff by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

  3. Getting Information

    73% Important

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  4. Training and Teaching Others

    73% Important

    Identifying the educational needs of others, developing training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

  5. Performing General Physical Activities

    73% Important

    Doing things that use of your arms and legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.

Occupational Information Network Child Care Workers Opens in a new window
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

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