Crop Farmers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations to grow crops.

At least 5 years of relevant experience is usually needed to work in this job (that's a skill level equal to a Bachelor Degree or higher). Around one in four workers have Year 12 as their highest level of education.

Tasks

  • planning and coordinating the production and marketing of crops, such as grain, cotton, sugar cane, fruit and nuts, vegetables, turf and flowers, from soil preparation to harvest taking into account environmental and market factors
  • selecting and planting seeds, seedlings and bulbs, and grafting new varieties to root stocks
  • maintaining crop production by cultivating, de-budding and pruning, and maintaining optimal growing conditions
  • organising and conducting farming operations, such as collecting, storing, grading and packaging produce, and organising the sale, purchase and despatch of produce
  • directing and overseeing general farming activities such as fertilising and pest and weed control
  • maintaining farm buildings, fences, equipment and water supply systems
  • maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity, and planning crop preparation and production to meet contract requirements and market demand
  • managing business capital including budgeting, taxation, debt and loan management
  • may select, train and supervise staff and contractors

Job Titles

  • Cotton Grower
  • Flower Grower, or Floriculturist
  • Fruit or Nut Grower
  • Grain, Oilseed or Pasture Grower
  • Grape Grower
  • Mixed Crop Farmer
  • Sugar Cane Grower
  • Turf Grower
  • Vegetable Grower
  • Other Crop Farmers
  • Cotton Grower

    Grows cotton.

  • Flower Grower or Floriculturist

    Manages planting, cultivating and harvesting activities to grow flowering and foliage plants.

    Specialisations: Market Gardener (Flowers)

  • Fruit or Nut Grower

    Grows fruit and nuts.

    Specialisations: Market Gardener (Fruit), Olive Grower, Orchardist

  • Grain, Oilseed or Pasture Grower

    Grows grain, oilseed, protein and pasture crops.

    Specialisations: Lucerne Farmer, Soybean Grower, Wheat Farmer

  • Grape Grower

    Grows table or wine grapes.

    Specialisations: Viticulturist

  • Mixed Crop Farmer

    Grows a variety of crops.

  • Sugar Cane Grower

    Grows sugar cane.

  • Turf Grower

    Grows turf.

  • Vegetable Grower

    Manages farming, greenhouse and market garden operations to grow vegetables.

    Specialisations: Market Gardener (Vegetables)

  • Other Crop Farmers

    Includes Coffee Grower, Ginger Farmer, Hop Farmer, Mushroom Farmer, Tea Tree Farmer, Tree Farmer

Fast Facts

  • Avg. Weekly Pay

    $1,101 Before Tax
  • Future Growth

    stable
  • Skill Level

    Bachelor Degree or higher
  • Employment Size

    39,400
  • Unemployment

    below average
  • Male Share

    79.0%
  • Female Share

    21.0%
  • Full-Time Share

    84.4%

Find Vacancies

This is a large occupation employing 39,400 workers. Over the past 5 years the number of jobs has fallen slightly.
Little change in the number of jobs is expected in the future. New jobs and turnover from workers leaving may create up to 5,000 job openings over the 5 years to 2020.

  • While there are jobs in many parts of Australia, South Australia has a large share of Crop Farmers.
  • They nearly all work in Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing.
  • Full-time work is very common. Full-time workers, on average, work 51.7 hours per week (compared to the all jobs average of 40 hours).
  • Average earnings for full-time workers are around $1,101 per week (similar to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • The workforce is fairly mature. The average age is 49 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years) and around 7 in 10 workers are aged 45 years or older.
  • Around 8 in 10 workers are male.
  • In 2016, the unemployment rate was below average.

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Employment trend data to November 2015 and Department of Employment projections to 2020.
YearNumber of Workers
200552600
200653100
200750900
200847800
200948700
201044200
201144900
201242800
201347900
201440700
201539400
202039700

Weekly Earnings

Full-time Earnings

All Jobs Average

Weekly Earnings (before tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsCrop FarmersAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings11011230

Hours

Weekly Hours Worked

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Hours actually worked by people who usually work full-time, and share of employment by full-time and part-time status, for this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryCrop FarmersAll Jobs Average
Full-time84.468.4
Part-time15.631.6
Average Weekly Hours (full-time)51.740.0

Main Industries

Top Industries

Main Employing Industries (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing91.4
Manufacturing5.1
Administrative and Support Services1.2
Wholesale Trade1.0
Other Industries1.3

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateCrop FarmersAll Jobs Average
NSW26.231.8
VIC24.525.5
QLD11.819.8
SA17.86.8
WA15.411.2
TAS3.42.0
NT0.81.1
ACT0.11.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketCrop FarmersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.9-5.45.4
20-244.3-9.99.9
25-3410.7-23.423.4
35-4417.9-21.721.7
45-5428.6-21.121.1
55-5912.7-8.78.7
60-649.1-5.95.9
65 and Over15.7-3.83.8

Gender

Male Share

Female Share

Gender (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Male and female share of employment in this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryCrop FarmersCategoryAll Jobs Average
Males79.0Males53.6
Females21.0Females46.4

Education Level

Top Education Levels

Highest Level of Education (% share)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

At least 5 years of relevant experience is usually needed to work in this job (that's a skill level equal to a Bachelor Degree or higher).
Around one in four workers have Year 12 as their highest level of education.

If you are interested in this style of work, there are a wide range of training options available that could lead to this or a similar job.
The pathway that is right for you will depend on your skills and interests.

It is a good idea to speak to industry bodies, employers, and workers to learn more about the skills and qualifications you will need.

Employers look for Crop Farmers who can communicate and connect well with others and who are reliable.

Knowledge

The topics, subjects, or knowledge areas workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Food Production

    91% Important

    Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.

  2. Administration and Management

    84% Important

    Planning and coordination of people and resources.

  3. Mathematics

    80% Important

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  4. Production and Processing

    77% Important

    Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

  5. Economics and Accounting

    75% Important

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

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O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

The work activities workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

    84% Important

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  2. Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work

    80% Important

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  3. Operating Vehicles or Equipment

    79% Important

    Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

  4. Developing Objectives and Strategies

    77% Important

    Deciding on goals and the figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.

  5. Monitoring and Controlling Resources

    77% Important

    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

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O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

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