Livestock Farmers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations to breed and raise livestock.

At least 5 years of relevant experience is usually needed to work in this job (that's a skill level equal to a Bachelor Degree or higher).

Tasks

  • breeding and raising livestock for the production of honey, meat, milk, skins, eggs and wool
  • monitoring and maintaining the health and condition of livestock
  • providing pastures and fodder to maintain appropriate nutritional levels
  • moving livestock to optimise feeding opportunities
  • organising and conducting farming operations such as catching, drenching and milking livestock, sterilising machines, and collecting, grading and packaging produce
  • directing and overseeing general farming activities such as maintaining pens, sheds and cages, fertilising, controlling pests and weeds, and growing fodder
  • maintaining fences, equipment and water supply systems
  • organising the sale, purchase and transportation of livestock and produce
  • maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity and planning production accordingly
  • managing business capital including budgeting, taxation, debt and loan management
  • may select, train and supervise staff and contractors

Job Titles

  • Apiarist or Beekeeper
  • Beef Cattle Farmer, or Grazier
  • Dairy Cattle Farmer
  • Deer Farmer
  • Goat Farmer
  • Horse Breeder, or Horse Stud Manager
  • Mixed Livestock Farmer
  • Pig Farmer
  • Poultry Farmer
  • Sheep Farmer
  • Other Livestock Farmers
  • Apiarist or Beekeeper

    Plans, organises, controls, coordinates and operates apiaries to produce honey, queen bee pollen, beeswax and royal jelly, breed queen bees and pollinate crops.

  • Beef Cattle Farmer, or Grazier

    Breeds and raises beef cattle for meat and breeding stock.

    Specialisations: Stud Beef Cattle Farmer

  • Dairy Cattle Farmer

    Breeds and raises dairy cattle for milk, meat and breeding stock.

    Specialisations: Share Dairy Farmer, Stud Dairy Cattle Farmer

  • Deer Farmer

    Breeds and raises deer for meat, velvet, hides and breeding stock.

  • Goat Farmer

    Breeds and raises goats for fibre, milk, meat and breeding stock.

  • Horse Breeder, or Horse Stud Manager

    Breeds and raises horses for competition, dressage, eventing, showjumping, riding for pleasure and working.

    Specialisations: Stud Master/Mistress

  • Mixed Livestock Farmer

    Breeds and raises a variety of livestock.

  • Pig Farmer

    Breeds and raises pigs for meat and breeding stock.

    Specialisations: Pig Breeder

  • Poultry Farmer

    Breeds and raises chickens, turkeys, ducks and other poultry for eggs, meat and breeding stock.

    Specialisations: Egg Producer, Hatchery Manager (Poultry)

  • Sheep Farmer

    Breeds and raises sheep for wool, meat and breeding stock.

    Specialisations: Stud Sheep Farmer, Wool Grower

  • Other Livestock Farmers

    Includes Alpaca Farmer, Crocodile Farmer, Dog Breeder, Emu Farmer, Llama Farmer, Ostrich Farmer

Fast Facts

  • Avg. Weekly Pay

    $981 Before Tax
  • Future Growth

    stable
  • Skill Level

    Bachelor Degree or higher
  • Employment Size

    77,000
  • Unemployment

    below average
  • Male Share

    72.3%
  • Female Share

    27.7%
  • Full-Time Share

    77.0%

Find Vacancies

This is a very large occupation employing 77,000 workers. Over the past 5 years the number of jobs has fallen.
Little change in the number of jobs is expected in the future. New jobs and turnover from workers leaving may create up to 5,000 job openings over the 5 years to 2020.

  • While there are jobs in many parts of Australia, Victoria has a large share of Livestock Farmers.
  • They nearly all work in Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing.
  • Full-time work is common. Full-time workers, on average, work 55.3 hours per week (compared to the all jobs average of 40 hours).
  • Average earnings for full-time workers are around $981 per week (below the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • The workforce is fairly mature. The average age is 56 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years) and around 7 in 10 workers are aged 45 years or older.
  • Around 7 in 10 workers are male.
  • In 2016, the unemployment rate was below average.

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Employment trend data to November 2015 and Department of Employment projections to 2020.
YearNumber of Workers
200593400
200690800
200795300
2008113800
200992700
201095800
201185500
201273100
201371800
201482500
201577000
202077800

Weekly Earnings

Full-time Earnings

All Jobs Average

Weekly Earnings (before tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsLivestock FarmersAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings9811230

Hours

Weekly Hours Worked

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Hours actually worked by people who usually work full-time, and share of employment by full-time and part-time status, for this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryLivestock FarmersAll Jobs Average
Full-time77.068.4
Part-time23.031.6
Average Weekly Hours (full-time)55.340.0

Main Industries

Top Industries

Main Employing Industries (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing96.2
Manufacturing1.8
Administrative and Support Services0.4
Accommodation and Food Services0.3
Other Industries1.3

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateLivestock FarmersAll Jobs Average
NSW27.331.8
VIC41.825.5
QLD17.219.8
SA4.66.8
WA6.011.2
TAS2.72.0
NT0.11.1
ACT0.31.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketLivestock FarmersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-191.2-5.45.4
20-242.6-9.99.9
25-347.4-23.423.4
35-4416.8-21.721.7
45-5417.7-21.121.1
55-5912.7-8.78.7
60-6411.7-5.95.9
65 and Over29.9-3.83.8

Gender

Male Share

Female Share

Gender (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Male and female share of employment in this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryLivestock FarmersCategoryAll Jobs Average
Males72.3Males53.6
Females27.7Females46.4

Education Level

Top Education Levels

Highest Level of Education (% share)

Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationLivestock FarmersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate5.7-8.68.6
Bachelor degree12.9-17.917.9
Advanced Diploma/Diploma11.9-10.110.1
Certificate III/IV18.7-18.918.9
Year 1210.1-18.718.7
Years 11 & 1028.7-17.717.7
Below Year 1011.9-8.18.1

At least 5 years of relevant experience is usually needed to work in this job (that's a skill level equal to a Bachelor Degree or higher).

If you are interested in this style of work, there are a wide range of training options available that could lead to this or a similar job.
The pathway that is right for you will depend on your skills and interests.

It is a good idea to speak to industry bodies, employers, and workers to learn more about the skills and qualifications you will need.

Employers look for Livestock Farmers who can communicate and connect well with others and are reliable.

Knowledge

The topics, subjects, or knowledge areas workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Biology

    74% Important

    Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.

  2. Administration and Management

    68% Important

    Planning and coordination of people and resources.

  3. Mechanical

    63% Important

    Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

  4. Education and Training

    61% Important

    Teaching and course design.

  5. Food Production

    60% Important

    Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.

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Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

The work activities workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

    90% Important

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  2. Guiding, Directing and Motivating Staff

    86% Important

    Guiding and directing staff, including setting performance standards and monitoring performance.

  3. Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings

    85% Important

    Checking objects, actions, or events, keeping an eye out for problems.

  4. Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work

    83% Important

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  5. Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events

    81% Important

    Comparing objects, actions, or events, looking for differences between them or changes over time.

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O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

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