Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations to both grow crops and to breed and raise livestock.

Workers normally have at least 5 years of relevant experience (that's a skill level equal to a Bachelor Degree or higher). Many workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification.

Tasks

  • planning and coordinating the production and marketing of crops and livestock
  • breeding and raising livestock for the production of meat, wool, skins, milk or eggs, and growing grain, seed crops, vegetables, fruit or nuts
  • monitoring and maintaining the health and condition of livestock
  • providing pastures and fodder to maintain appropriate nutritional levels
  • selecting and purchasing seed for planting, planning and implementing breeding programs
  • directing and overseeing general farming activities such as fertilising, and pest and weed control
  • maintaining farm buildings, fences, equipment and water supply systems
  • organising the sale, purchase and transportation of livestock and produce
  • maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity and planning production accordingly
  • managing business capital, monitoring market activity and planning production accordingly
  • may select, train and supervise staff and contractors

Job Titles

  • Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmer, or Farmer and Grazier
  • Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmer, or Farmer and Grazier

    Specialisations: Cattle and Wheat Farmer, Sheep and Wheat Farmer

Fast Facts

  • Avg. Weekly Pay

    Unavailable
  • Future Growth

    decline
  • Skill Level

    Bachelor Degree or higher
  • Employment Size

    25,800
  • Unemployment

    below average
  • Male Share

    72.3%
  • Female Share

    27.7%
  • Full-Time Share

    78.3%

Find Vacancies

This is a large occupation employing 25,800 workers. Over the past 5 years the number of jobs has fallen.
A fall in the number of jobs is expected in the future. New jobs and turnover from workers leaving may create up to 5,000 job openings over the 5 years to 2020.

  • Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers work in most parts of Australia.
  • They nearly all work in Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing.
  • Full-time work is common. Full-time workers, on average, work 55.1 hours per week (compared to the all jobs average of 40 hours).
  • The workforce is fairly mature. The average age is 55 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years) and around 8 in 10 workers are aged 45 years or older.
  • Around 7 in 10 workers are male.
  • In 2016, the unemployment rate was below average.

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Employment trend data to November 2015 and Department of Employment projections to 2020.
YearNumber of Workers
200538900
200639600
200735800
200832200
200939100
201037400
201129500
201227600
201325900
201426800
201525800
202023800

Weekly Earnings

Full-time Earnings

All Jobs Average

Weekly Earnings (before tax)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Hours

Weekly Hours Worked

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Hours actually worked by people who usually work full-time, and share of employment by full-time and part-time status, for this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryMixed Crop and Livestock FarmersAll Jobs Average
Full-time78.368.4
Part-time21.731.6
Average Weekly Hours (full-time)55.140.0

Main Industries

Top Industries

Main Employing Industries (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing100.0

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateMixed Crop and Livestock FarmersAll Jobs Average
NSW38.131.8
VIC25.625.5
QLD6.719.8
SA10.16.8
WA18.311.2
TAS1.12.0
NT0.01.1
ACT0.01.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketMixed Crop and Livestock FarmersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.4-5.45.4
20-242.4-9.99.9
25-344.4-23.423.4
35-4413.7-21.721.7
45-5426.5-21.121.1
55-5913.3-8.78.7
60-6416.1-5.95.9
65 and Over23.3-3.83.8

Gender

Male Share

Female Share

Gender (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Male and female share of employment in this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryMixed Crop and Livestock FarmersCategoryAll Jobs Average
Males72.3Males53.6
Females27.7Females46.4

Education Level

Top Education Levels

Highest Level of Education (% share)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Workers normally have at least 5 years of relevant experience (that's a skill level equal to a Bachelor Degree or higher). Many workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification.

If you are interested in this style of work, there are a wide range of training options available that could lead to this or a similar job.
The pathway that is right for you will depend on your skills and interests.

It is a good idea to speak to industry bodies, employers, and workers to learn more about the skills and qualifications you will need.

Employers look for Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers who can communicate and connect well with others and who are reliable.

Knowledge

The topics, subjects, or knowledge areas workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Food Production

    91% Important

    Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.

  2. Administration and Management

    84% Important

    Planning and coordination of people and resources.

  3. Mathematics

    80% Important

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  4. Production and Processing

    77% Important

    Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

  5. Economics and Accounting

    75% Important

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

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O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

The work activities workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

    84% Important

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  2. Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work

    80% Important

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  3. Operating Vehicles or Equipment

    79% Important

    Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

  4. Developing Objectives and Strategies

    77% Important

    Deciding on goals and the figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.

  5. Monitoring and Controlling Resources

    77% Important

    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

Occupational Information Network Farm and Ranch Managers Opens in a new window
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

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