Specialist Physicians diagnose and treat internal human disorders and diseases using specialist testing, diagnostic and medical techniques. Medical Registrars training as Specialist Physicians are included in this unit group.

A Bachelor Degree or higher, 2 years hospital-based training, and at least 5 years specialist study and training is required. Registration or licensing is required.

Tasks

  • examining patients to determine the nature and extent of problems after referral from General Medical Practitioners and other medical specialists, and undertaking laboratory tests and diagnostic procedures
  • analysing test results and other medical information to make diagnoses
  • prescribing and administering drugs, and remedial and therapeutic treatment and procedures
  • recording medical information and data
  • reporting specified contagious and notifiable diseases to government health and immigration authorities
  • may admit or refer patients to hospitals
  • may consult other medical specialists

Job Titles

  • Specialist Physician (General Medicine)
  • Cardiologist
  • Clinical Haematologist
  • Medical Oncologist, or Medical Oncology Physician
  • Endocrinologist
  • Gastroenterologist
  • Intensive Care Specialist, Intensive Care Medicine Specialist, or Intensivist
  • Neurologist
  • Paediatrician
  • Renal Medicine Specialist, Nephrologist, or Renal Medicine Physician
  • Rheumatologist
  • Thoracic Medicine Specialist or Physician, or Respiratory Medicine Physician
  • Other Specialist Physicians
  • Specialist Physician (General Medicine)

    Investigates and diagnoses internal human disorders and diseases, and administers treatment. Registration or licensing is required.

    Specialisations: Intensive Care Anaesthetist, Obstetric Anaesthetist, Pain Management Specialist

  • Cardiologist

    Investigates, diagnoses and treats diseases of the human heart. Registration or licensing is required.

  • Clinical Haematologist

    Investigates and diagnoses blood and other genetic disorders by studying cellular composition of blood and blood-producing tissues. Registration or licensing is required.

  • Medical Oncologist, or Medical Oncology Physician

    Investigates, diagnoses and treats patients with cancer using chemotherapy and biological therapy. Registration or licensing is required.

  • Endocrinologist

    Investigates, diagnoses and treats disorders of the human glandular and hormonal systems. Registration or licensing is required.

  • Gastroenterologist

    Investigates, diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the human liver, stomach and associated organs. Registration or licensing is required.

    Specialisations: Diabetologist

  • Intensive Care Specialist, Intensive Care Medicine Specialist, or Intensivist

    Investigates, diagnoses and treats patients in need of intensive and critical care. Registration or licensing is required.

  • Neurologist

    Investigates, diagnoses and treats diseases and injuries of the human brain, spinal cord, nervous system and muscle tissue. Registration or licensing is required.

  • Paediatrician

    Investigates, diagnoses and treats internal diseases and disorders in children from birth up to, and including, adolescence. Registration or licensing is required.

  • Renal Medicine Specialist, Nephrologist, or Renal Medicine Physician

    Investigates, diagnoses and treats disorders of the human kidney. Registration or licensing is required.

    Specialisations: Neonatologist, Paediatric Thoracic Physician

  • Rheumatologist

    Investigates, diagnoses and treats diseases, injuries and deficiencies of human joints, muscles and soft tissue. Registration or licensing is required.

  • Thoracic Medicine Specialist or Physician, or Respiratory Medicine Physician

    Investigates, diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the human respiratory system. Registration or licensing is required.

  • Other Specialist Physicians

    Includes Clinical Allergist, Clinical Geneticist, Clinical Immunologist, Clinical Pharmacologist, Geriatrician, Infectious Diseases Physician, Occupational Medicine Physician, Palliative Medicine Physician, Public Health Physician, Rehabilitation Medicine Physician, Sexual Health Physician, Sleep Medicine Physician. Registration or licensing is required.

    Specialisations: Pulmonary Specialist, Respiratory Physician

Fast Facts

  • Avg. Weekly Pay

    Unavailable
  • Future Growth

    strong
  • Skill Level

    Bachelor Degree or higher
  • Employment Size

    6,400
  • Unemployment

    below average
  • Male Share

    60.2%
  • Female Share

    39.8%
  • Full-Time Share

    79.7%

Find Vacancies

This is a very small occupation employing 6400 workers. Over the past 5 years the number of jobs has grown.
Strong growth is expected in the future. New jobs and turnover from workers leaving may create up to 5,000 job openings over the 5 years to 2020.

  • Specialist Physicians work in most parts of Australia.
  • They nearly all work in Health Care and Social Assistance.
  • Full-time work is common. Full-time workers, on average, work 41.6 hours per week (compared to the all jobs average of 40 hours).
  • The average age is 42 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years) and around 5 in 10 workers are aged 45 years or older.
  • Around 6 in 10 workers are male.
  • In 2016, the unemployment rate was below average.

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Employment trend data to November 2015 and Department of Employment projections to 2020.
YearNumber of Workers
20055400
20063100
20074700
20086500
20094700
20106100
20117000
20127300
20137500
20147900
20156400
20207200

Weekly Earnings

Full-time Earnings

All Jobs Average

Weekly Earnings (before tax)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Hours

Weekly Hours Worked

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Hours actually worked by people who usually work full-time, and share of employment by full-time and part-time status, for this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategorySpecialist PhysiciansAll Jobs Average
Full-time79.768.4
Part-time20.331.6
Average Weekly Hours (full-time)41.640.0

Main Industries

Top Industries

Main Employing Industries (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Health Care and Social Assistance96.0
Public Administration and Safety4.0

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateSpecialist PhysiciansAll Jobs Average
NSW33.931.8
VIC19.525.5
QLD21.919.8
SA6.26.8
WA8.111.2
TAS2.52.0
NT2.01.1
ACT5.91.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketSpecialist PhysiciansAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.0-5.45.4
20-240.0-9.99.9
25-3422.0-23.423.4
35-4430.6-21.721.7
45-5423.6-21.121.1
55-598.8-8.78.7
60-647.2-5.95.9
65 and Over7.8-3.83.8

Gender

Male Share

Female Share

Gender (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Male and female share of employment in this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategorySpecialist PhysiciansCategoryAll Jobs Average
Males60.2Males53.6
Females39.8Females46.4

Education Level

Top Education Levels

Highest Level of Education (% share)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

A Bachelor Degree or higher, 2 years hospital-based training, and at least 5 years specialist study and training is required. Registration or licensing is required.

If you are interested in this style of work, there are a wide range of training options available that could lead to this or a similar job.
The pathway that is right for you will depend on your skills and interests.

It is a good idea to speak to industry bodies, employers, and workers to learn more about the skills and qualifications you will need.

Employers look for Specialist Physicians who are caring, compassionate, empathetic and work well in a team.

Knowledge

The topics, subjects, or knowledge areas workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Medicine and Dentistry

    100% Important

    Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

  2. English Language

    94% Important

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  3. Customer and Personal Service

    88% Important

    Customer and personal services. This includes understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  4. Therapy and Counseling

    88% Important

    Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.

  5. Psychology

    86% Important

    Human behaviour and performance; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioural and affective disorders.

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Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

The work activities workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Documenting/Recording Information

    99% Important

    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.

  2. Assisting and Caring for Others

    97% Important

    Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support to people such as co-workers, customers, or patients.

  3. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

    92% Important

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  4. Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge

    91% Important

    Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.

  5. Interpreting Information for Others

    89% Important

    Helping people to understand and use information.

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O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

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