Carpenters and Joiners construct, erect, install, renovate and repair structures and fixtures made of wood, plywood, wallboard and other materials, and cut, shape and fit timber parts to form structures and fittings.

A Certificate III/IV is usually needed to work in this job and the majority of workers have this qualification. Training is most commonly through an apprenticeship which combines on-the-job training with the qualification. Some additional tickets may also be required.

Tasks

  • studying drawings and specifications to determine materials required, dimensions and installation procedures
  • ordering and selecting timbers and materials, and preparing layouts
  • cutting materials, and assembling and nailing cut and shaped parts
  • erecting framework and roof framing, laying sub-flooring and floorboards and verifying trueness of structures
  • nailing fascia panels, sheathing roofs, and fitting exterior wall cladding and door and window frames
  • assembling prepared wood to form structures and fittings ready to install
  • cutting wood joints
  • may construct concrete formwork
  • may repair existing fittings
  • may work with plastic laminates, perspex and metals

Job Titles

  • Carpenter and Joiner
  • Carpenter
  • Joiner
  • Carpenter and Joiner

    Constructs and installs structures and fixtures of wood, plywood, and wallboard, and cuts, shapes and fits timber parts to form structures and fittings. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Shopfitter

  • Carpenter

    Constructs, erects, installs, renovates and repairs structures and fixtures of wood, plywood, wallboard and other materials. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Fixing Carpenter, Formwork Carpenter, Prop and Scenery Maker

  • Joiner

    Cuts, shapes and fits timber parts in workshops to form structures and fittings, ready for installation. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Joinery Machinist, Joinery Patternmaker, Joinery Setter-out

Fast Facts

  • Avg. Weekly Pay

    $1,000 Before Tax
  • Future Growth

    strong
  • Skill Level

    Certificate III or IV
  • Employment Size

    123900
  • Unemployment

    average
  • Male Share

    98.7%
  • Female Share

    1.3%
  • Full-Time Share

    93.4%

Find Vacancies

This is a very large occupation employing 123,900 workers. Over the past 5 years the number of jobs has grown.
Strong growth is expected in the future. New jobs and turnover from workers leaving may create more than 50,000 job openings over the 5 years to 2020.

  • Carpenters and Joiners work in most parts of Australia.
  • They mainly work in: Construction; Manufacturing; and Professional, Scientific and Technical Services.
  • Almost all work full-time. Full-time workers, on average, work 40.3 hours per week (compared to the all jobs average of 40 hours).
  • Average earnings for full-time workers are around $1,000 per week (below the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • The workforce is fairly young. The average age is 33 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years). Around 2 in 10 workers are young (aged 15 to 25 years).
  • More than 9 in 10 workers are male.
  • In 2016, the unemployment rate was similar to the average.

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Employment trend data to November 2015 and Department of Employment projections to 2020.
YearNumber of Workers
2005113300
2006108600
2007120400
2008119600
2009111700
2010118800
2011122600
2012117800
2013129100
2014123700
2015123900
2020135900

Weekly Earnings

Full-time Earnings

All Jobs Average

Weekly Earnings (before tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings10001230

Hours

Weekly Hours Worked

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Hours actually worked by people who usually work full-time, and share of employment by full-time and part-time status, for this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs Average
Full-time93.468.4
Part-time6.631.6
Average Weekly Hours (full-time)40.340

Main Industries

Top Industries

Main Employing Industries (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Construction86
Manufacturing9.6
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services0.9
Retail Trade0.7
Other Industries2.8

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs Average
NSW34.331.8
VIC29.125.5
QLD17.619.8
SA6.16.8
WA8.611.2
TAS2.32
NT0.81.1
ACT1.31.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-197.5-5.45.4
20-2416.7-9.99.9
25-3430.1-23.423.4
35-4420-21.721.7
45-5414.5-21.121.1
55-595.6-8.78.7
60-643.4-5.95.9
65 and Over2.2-3.83.8

Gender

Male Share

Female Share

Gender (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Male and female share of employment in this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryCarpenters and JoinersCategoryAll Jobs Average
Males98.7Males53.6
Females1.3Females46.4

Education Level

Top Education Levels

Highest Level of Education (% share)

Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate0-8.68.6
Bachelor degree1.1-17.917.9
Advanced Diploma/Diploma3.6-10.110.1
Certificate III/IV68.6-18.918.9
Year 1214.3-18.718.7
Years 11 & 109.5-17.717.7
Below Year 102.9-8.18.1

A Certificate III/IV is usually needed to work in this job and the majority of workers have this qualification. Training is most commonly through an apprenticeship which combines on-the-job training with the qualification. Some additional tickets may also be required.

If you are interested in this style of work, there are a wide range of training options available that could lead to this or a similar job.
The pathway that is right for you will depend on your skills and interests.

It is a good idea to speak to industry bodies, employers, and workers to learn more about the skills and qualifications you will need.

Employers look for Carpenters and Joiners who are hardworking, reliable and work well in a team.

Knowledge

The topics, subjects, or knowledge areas workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Building and Construction

    92% Important

    Materials, methods, and the tools used to construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

  2. Mathematics

    83% Important

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  3. English Language

    76% Important

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  4. Mechanical

    73% Important

    Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

  5. Design

    72% Important

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

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O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

The work activities workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Getting Information

    88% Important

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  2. Performing General Physical Activities

    82% Important

    Doing things that use of your arms and legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.

  3. Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material

    82% Important

    Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.

  4. Handling and Moving Objects

    80% Important

    Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.

  5. Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work

    80% Important

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

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O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

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