Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers design, organise and oversee the construction, operation and maintenance of mechanical and process plant and installations, establish programs for the coordination of manufacturing activities, and ensure usage of resources is cost effective.

A Bachelor Degree or higher is required. Four in five workers have a university degree. Sometimes relevant experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification. Registration or licensing may also be required.

Tasks

  • studying functional statements, organisational charts and project information to determine functions and responsibilities of workers and work units and to identify areas of duplication
  • establishing work measurement programs and analysing work samples to develop standards for labour utilisation
  • analysing workforce utilisation, facility layout, operational data and production schedules and costs to determine optimum worker and equipment efficiencies
  • designing mechanical equipment, machines, components, products for manufacture, and plant and systems for construction
  • developing specifications for manufacture, and determining materials, equipment, piping, material flows, capacities and layout of plant and systems
  • organising and managing project labour and the delivery of materials, plant and equipment
  • establishing standards and policies for installation, modification, quality control, testing, inspection and maintenance according to engineering principles and safety regulations
  • inspecting plant to ensure optimum performance is maintained
  • directing the maintenance of plant buildings and equipment, and coordinating the requirements for new designs, surveys and maintenance schedules

Job Titles

  • Industrial Engineer
  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Production or Plant Engineer
  • Industrial Engineer

    Investigates and reviews the utilisation of personnel, facilities, equipment and materials, current operational processes and established practices, to recommend improvement in the efficiency of operations in a variety of commercial, industrial and production environments. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Process Engineer (Industrial)

  • Mechanical Engineer

    Plans, designs, organises and oversees the assembly, erection, operation and maintenance of mechanical and process plant and installations. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Airconditioning Engineer, Building Services Engineer, Heating and Ventilation Engineer

  • Production or Plant Engineer

    Plans, directs and coordinates the design, construction, modification, continued performance and maintenance of equipment and machines in industrial plants, and the management and planning of manufacturing activities. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Automation and Control Engineer

Fast Facts

  • Avg. Weekly Pay

    $1,961 Before Tax
  • Future Growth

    decline
  • Skill Level

    Bachelor Degree or higher
  • Employment Size

    30,800
  • Unemployment

    average
  • Male Share

    94.5%
  • Female Share

    5.5%
  • Full-Time Share

    95.6%

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This is a large occupation employing 30,800 workers. The number of workers has grown moderately over the past 5 years.
Over the next 5 years (to May 2022) the number of workers is expected to fall to 29,100. Around 9,000 job openings are likely over this time from workers leaving and new jobs being created.

  • While there are jobs in many parts of Australia, Victoria has a large share of Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers.
  • They mainly work in: Manufacturing; Professional, Scientific and Technical Services; and Mining.
  • Almost all work full-time. Full-time workers, on average, work 39.6 hours per week (compared to the all jobs average of 40 hours).
  • Average earnings for full-time workers are around $1,961 per week (very high compared to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • The average age is 35 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years).
  • More than 9 in 10 workers are male.
  • In 2016, the unemployment rate was similar to the average.

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2017 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2022.
YearNumber of Workers
200721600
200829100
200932900
201025700
201130600
201228500
201334500
201430400
201530500
201628400
201730800
202229100

Weekly Earnings

Full-time Earnings

All Jobs Average

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsIndustrial, Mechanical and Production EngineersAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings19611230

Hours

Full-Time and Part-Time Status (% Share) and Average Weekly Hours (Full-Time)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Hours actually worked by people who usually work full-time, and share of employment by full-time and part-time status, for this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryIndustrial, Mechanical and Production EngineersAll Jobs Average
Full-time95.668.4
Part-time4.431.6
Average Weekly Hours (full-time)39.640

Main Industries

Top Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Manufacturing39.3
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services25.4
Mining7.7
Construction6.5
Other Industries21.1

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateIndustrial, Mechanical and Production EngineersAll Jobs Average
NSW2931.8
VIC37.825.5
QLD11.519.8
SA6.26.8
WA13.811.2
TAS0.92
NT0.41.1
ACT0.41.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketIndustrial, Mechanical and Production EngineersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.5-5.45.4
20-246.1-9.99.9
25-3439.1-23.423.4
35-4427.8-21.721.7
45-5415.4-21.121.1
55-595.8-8.78.7
60-642.9-5.95.9
65 and Over2.5-3.83.8

Gender

Male Share

Female Share

Gender (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Male and female share of employment in this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryIndustrial, Mechanical and Production EngineersCategoryAll Jobs Average
Males94.5Males53.6
Females5.5Females46.4

Education Level

Top Education Levels

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationIndustrial, Mechanical and Production EngineersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate16.8-8.68.6
Bachelor degree68-17.917.9
Advanced Diploma/Diploma5.6-10.110.1
Certificate III/IV0-18.918.9
Year 129.6-18.718.7
Years 11 & 100-17.717.7
Below Year 100-8.18.1

A Bachelor Degree or higher is required. Four in five workers have a university degree. Sometimes relevant experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification. Registration or licensing may also be required.

If you are interested in this style of work, there are a wide range of training options available that could lead to this or a similar job.
The pathway that is right for you will depend on your skills and interests.

It is a good idea to speak to industry bodies, employers, and workers to learn more about the skills and qualifications you will need.

Employers look for Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong interpersonal skills.

Knowledge

The topics, subjects, or knowledge areas workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Engineering and Technology

    98% Important

    Use engineering science and technology to design and produce goods and services.

  2. Mathematics

    94% Important

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  3. Design

    92% Important

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  4. Mechanical

    87% Important

    Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

  5. Physics

    87% Important

    Physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 17-2141.00 - Mechanical Engineers.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

The work activities workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Interacting With Computers

    91% Important

    Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

  2. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

    88% Important

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  3. Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Staff

    85% Important

    Giving information to supervisors, co-workers, and staff by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

  4. Analyzing Data or Information

    84% Important

    Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.

  5. Getting Information

    83% Important

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 17-2141.00 - Mechanical Engineers.

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