Database and Systems Administrators, and ICT Security Specialists plan, develop, maintain, manage and administer organisations' database management systems, operating systems and security policies and procedures to ensure optimal database and system integrity, security, backup, reliability and performance.

A Bachelor Degree or higher, or at least 5 years of relevant experience, or relevant vendor certification is usually needed. Around half of workers have a university degree. Sometimes experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification.

Tasks

  • designing and maintaining database architecture, data structures, tables, dictionaries and naming conventions to ensure the accuracy and completeness of all data master files
  • performing the operational establishment and preventive maintenance of backups, recovery procedures, and enforcing security and integrity controls
  • implementing and administering database documentation, guidelines, policies and procedures
  • testing database systems and upgrades, such as debugging, tracking, reproduction, logging and resolving all identified problems, according to approved quality testing scripts, procedures and processes
  • accepting responsibility for the processes, procedures and operational management associated with system security and disaster recovery planning
  • liaising with security vendors, suppliers, service providers and external resources; analysing, recommending, installing and maintaining software security applications; and monitoring contractual obligations, performance delivery and service level agreements
  • troubleshooting and providing service support in diagnosing, resolving and repairing server-related hardware and software malfunctions, encompassing workstations and communication infrastructure
  • preparing and maintaining documentation, policies and instructions, and recording and detailing operational procedures and system logs
  • ensuring that the design of computer sites allows all components to fit together and work properly, and monitoring and adjusting the performance of networks
  • continually surveying the current computer site to determine future network needs and making recommendations for enhancements in the implementation of future servers and networks

Job Titles

  • Database Administrator
  • ICT Security Specialist, or Security Administrator
  • Systems Administrator, or Systems Manager
  • Database Administrator (Database Operator, Specialist, or Support, or DBA)

    Plans, develops, configures, maintains and supports an organisation's database management system in accordance with user requirements ensuring optimal database integrity, security, backup, reliability and performance.

    Specialisations: Database Analyst

  • ICT Security Specialist, or Security Administrator

    Establishes, manages and administers an organisation's ICT security policy and procedures to ensure preventive and recovery strategies are in place, and minimise the risk of internal and external security threats.

    Specialisations: Information Technology Security Manager

  • Systems Administrator, or Systems Manager

    Plans, develops, installs, troubleshoots, maintains and supports an operating system and associated server hardware, software and databases ensuring optimum system integrity, security, backup and performance.

Fast Facts

  • Avg. Weekly Pay

    $1,693 Before Tax
  • Future Growth

    very strong
  • Skill Level

    Bachelor Degree or higher
  • Employment Size

    38,600
  • Unemployment

    below average
  • Male Share

    78.9%
  • Female Share

    21.1%
  • Full-Time Share

    90.7%

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This is a large occupation employing 38,600 workers. Over the past 5 years the number of jobs has grown strongly.
Very strong growth is expected in the future. New jobs and turnover from workers leaving may create between 25,001 and 50,000 job openings over the 5 years to 2020.

  • Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security work in most parts of Australia.
  • They mainly work in: Professional, Scientific and Technical Services; Public Administration and Safety; and Financial and Insurance Services.
  • Almost all work full-time. Full-time workers, on average, work 39.1 hours per week (compared to the all jobs average of 40 hours).
  • Average earnings for full-time workers are around $1,693 per week (very high compared to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • The average age is 40 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years).
  • Around 8 in 10 workers are male.
  • In 2016, the unemployment rate was below average.

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Employment trend data to November 2015 and Department of Employment projections to 2020.
YearNumber of Workers
200528600
200631300
200728800
200838700
200931100
201032000
201137600
201232700
201339800
201440700
201538600
202045400

Weekly Earnings

Full-time Earnings

All Jobs Average

Weekly Earnings (before tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings16931230

Hours

Weekly Hours Worked

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Hours actually worked by people who usually work full-time, and share of employment by full-time and part-time status, for this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs Average
Full-time90.768.4
Part-time9.331.6
Average Weekly Hours (full-time)39.140.0

Main Industries

Top Industries

Main Employing Industries (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services26.1
Public Administration and Safety14.3
Financial and Insurance Services13.3
Education and Training9.9
Other Industries36.4

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs Average
NSW30.231.8
VIC25.325.5
QLD17.519.8
SA4.46.8
WA12.111.2
TAS1.22.0
NT1.01.1
ACT8.41.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.7-5.45.4
20-244.3-9.99.9
25-3424.2-23.423.4
35-4436.4-21.721.7
45-5422.6-21.121.1
55-597.7-8.78.7
60-643.7-5.95.9
65 and Over0.5-3.83.8

Gender

Male Share

Female Share

Gender (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Male and female share of employment in this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityCategoryAll Jobs Average
Males78.9Males53.6
Females21.1Females46.4

Education Level

Top Education Levels

Highest Level of Education (% share)

Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate18.0-8.68.6
Bachelor degree32.6-17.917.9
Advanced Diploma/Diploma16.4-10.110.1
Certificate III/IV9.7-18.918.9
Year 1220.1-18.718.7
Years 11 & 103.2-17.717.7
Below Year 100.0-8.18.1

A Bachelor Degree or higher, or at least 5 years of relevant experience, or relevant vendor certification is usually needed.
Around half of workers have a university degree. Sometimes experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification.

If you are interested in this style of work, there are a wide range of training options available that could lead to this or a similar job.
The pathway that is right for you will depend on your skills and interests.

It is a good idea to speak to industry bodies, employers, and workers to learn more about the skills and qualifications you will need.

Employers look for Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong computer literacy.

Knowledge

The topics, subjects, or knowledge areas workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Computers and Electronics

    89% Important

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  2. English Language

    66% Important

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  3. Telecommunications

    65% Important

    Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

  4. Mathematics

    62% Important

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  5. Clerical

    60% Important

    Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.

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O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

The work activities workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Interacting With Computers

    100% Important

    Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

  2. Processing Information

    88% Important

    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.

  3. Analyzing Data or Information

    87% Important

    Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.

  4. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

    87% Important

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  5. Getting Information

    85% Important

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

Occupational Information Network Database Administrators Opens in a new window
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

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