Bricklayers and Stonemasons lay bricks, pre-cut stones and other types of building blocks in mortar to construct and repair walls, partitions, arches and other structures, and cut and shape hard and soft stone blocks and masonry slabs for the construction and renovation of stone structures and monumental masonry.

A Certificate III including at least 2 years of on-the-job training, or a Certificate IV, or at least 3 years of relevant experience, is usually needed. Around half of workers have this level of qualification. Sometimes experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification. Some additional tickets may also be required.

Tasks

  • studying plans and specifications to determine materials required, dimensions and installation procedures
  • erecting and dismantling restricted height scaffolding
  • sealing foundations with damp-resistant materials and spreading layers of mortar to serve as base and binder for blocks using trowels
  • laying bricks in rows, designs and shapes, and spreading mortar between joints
  • embedding blocks in mortar and removing excess mortar
  • checking vertical and horizontal alignment
  • cutting, shaping and polishing stones and bricks using machines and hand tools, and shaping bricks to fit irregular spaces
  • repairing and maintaining bricks, cement blocks and related structures
  • designing and cutting monumental masonry and lettering
  • constructing walls using stone slabs and large masonry slab blocks

Job Titles

  • Bricklayer, or Blocklayer
  • Stonemason
  • Bricklayer, or Blocklayer

    Lays bricks, pre-cut stone and other types of building blocks in mortar to construct and repair walls, partitions, arches and other structures. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Chimney Builder, Refractory Bricklayer, Retort Setter (Bricklaying), Tuckpointer

  • Stonemason

    Cuts and shapes hard and soft stone blocks and masonry slabs to construct and renovate stone structures and monumental masonry. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Construction Stonemason, Monumental Stonemason

Fast Facts

  • Avg. Weekly Pay

    $1,200 Before Tax
  • Future Growth

    moderate
  • Skill Level

    Certificate III or IV
  • Employment Size

    33300
  • Unemployment

    above average
  • Male Share

    99.5%
  • Female Share

    0.5%
  • Full-Time Share

    88.8%

Find Vacancies

This is a large occupation employing 33,300 workers. Over the past 5 years the number of jobs has fallen slightly.
Moderate growth is expected in the future. New jobs and turnover from workers leaving may create between 10,001 and 25,000 job openings over the 5 years to 2020.

  • While there are jobs in many parts of Australia, Western Australia has a large share of Bricklayers and Stonemasons.
  • They mainly work in: Construction; Manufacturing; and Health Care and Social Assistance.
  • Full-time work is very common. Full-time workers, on average, work 39.0 hours per week (compared to the all jobs average of 40 hours).
  • Average earnings for full-time workers are around $1,200 per week (similar to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • The average age is 37 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years).
  • More than 9 in 10 workers are male.
  • In 2016, the unemployment rate was above average.

In 2016, employers had difficulty recruiting Stonemasons who meet their skill requirements in most states and territories (except for Queensland and Western Australia). In 2016, employers in most locations (except for Western Australia and the Northern Territory) found it hard to fill vacancies for Bricklayers. To find out more, view the Department of Employment's latest skill shortage research opens in a new window.

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Employment trend data to November 2015 and Department of Employment projections to 2020.
YearNumber of Workers
200533500
200629700
200733400
200832500
200927000
201035100
201132200
201225300
201326500
201427300
201533300
202035800

Weekly Earnings

Full-time Earnings

All Jobs Average

Weekly Earnings (before tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsBricklayers and StonemasonsAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings12001230

Hours

Weekly Hours Worked

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Hours actually worked by people who usually work full-time, and share of employment by full-time and part-time status, for this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryBricklayers and StonemasonsAll Jobs Average
Full-time88.868.4
Part-time11.231.6
Average Weekly Hours (full-time)3940

Main Industries

Top Industries

Main Employing Industries (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Construction84.7
Manufacturing12.7
Health Care and Social Assistance1
Accommodation and Food Services0.5
Other Industries1.1

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateBricklayers and StonemasonsAll Jobs Average
NSW22.731.8
VIC26.425.5
QLD17.119.8
SA4.66.8
WA23.211.2
TAS2.42
NT0.71.1
ACT3.11.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketBricklayers and StonemasonsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-198.8-5.45.4
20-249.1-9.99.9
25-3423.3-23.423.4
35-4419.8-21.721.7
45-5417.1-21.121.1
55-5914.4-8.78.7
60-645.1-5.95.9
65 and Over2.5-3.83.8

Gender

Male Share

Female Share

Gender (% share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Male and female share of employment in this job compared to the all jobs average.
CategoryBricklayers and StonemasonsCategoryAll Jobs Average
Males99.5Males53.6
Females0.5Females46.4

Education Level

Top Education Levels

Highest Level of Education (% share)

Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationBricklayers and StonemasonsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate0-8.68.6
Bachelor degree0-17.917.9
Advanced Diploma/Diploma0-10.110.1
Certificate III/IV48-18.918.9
Year 1216.7-18.718.7
Years 11 & 1030-17.717.7
Below Year 105.3-8.18.1

A Certificate III including at least 2 years of on-the-job training, or a Certificate IV, or at least 3 years of relevant experience, is usually needed.
Around half of workers have this level of qualification. Sometimes experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification. Some additional tickets may also be required.

If you are interested in this style of work, there are a wide range of training options available that could lead to this or a similar job.
The pathway that is right for you will depend on your skills and interests.

It is a good idea to speak to industry bodies, employers, and workers to learn more about the skills and qualifications you will need.

Employers look for Bricklayers and Stonemasons who are reliable, work well in a team and are hardworking.

Knowledge

The topics, subjects, or knowledge areas workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Building and Construction

    86% Important

    Materials, methods, and the tools used to construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

  2. Mathematics

    71% Important

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  3. Mechanical

    69% Important

    Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

  4. Customer and Personal Service

    67% Important

    Customer and personal services. This includes understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  5. Design

    66% Important

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

Occupational Information Network Brickmasons and Blockmasons Opens in a new window
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

The work activities workers rate as most important are shown below.

  1. Handling and Moving Objects

    92% Important

    Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.

  2. Performing General Physical Activities

    92% Important

    Doing things that use of your arms and legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.

  3. Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material

    90% Important

    Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.

  4. Operating Vehicles or Equipment

    84% Important

    Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

  5. Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work

    83% Important

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

Occupational Information Network Brickmasons and Blockmasons Opens in a new window
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

go to top