Greenkeepers establish and maintain fine turf, grassed areas and synthetic surfaces used for sporting events.

A Certificate III including at least 2 years of on-the-job training, or a Certificate IV, or at least 3 years of relevant experience, is usually needed. Most workers have not completed any post school qualifications (that is, they have finished either Year 10, 11 or 12 only). Sometimes experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification.

Tasks

  • preparing seedbeds for new turf
  • establishing and maintaining turf by watering, over sowing or over seeding, and repairing green damage
  • mowing, rolling and levelling turf
  • pegging and marking out lines and logos, installing nets, posts and stumps, and placing other sports equipment on playing areas
  • operating and maintaining hand and power driven equipment such as mowers, aerators, cultivators, corers and line marking equipment
  • constructing cricket wickets, tennis courts, and bowling, croquet and golf greens
  • replanting, repairing, aerating, fertilising and top dressing lawns
  • installing and maintaining synthetic surfaces
  • may maintain buildings, fences and surrounding gardens

Job Titles

  • Greenkeeper, or Turf Keeper

    Fast Facts

    • Avg. Weekly Pay

      $900 Before Tax
    • Future Growth

      moderate
    • Skill Level

      Certificate III or IV
    • Employment Size

      13,200
    • Unemployment

      above average
    • Male Share

      94.5%
    • Female Share

      5.5%
    • Full-Time Share

      78.5%

    Find Vacancies

    This is a medium sized occupation employing 13,200 workers. Over the past 5 years the number of jobs has fallen slightly.
    Moderate growth is expected in the future. New jobs and turnover from workers leaving may create between 5,001 and 10,000 job openings over the 5 years to 2020.

    • Greenkeepers work in most parts of Australia.
    • They mainly work in: Arts and Recreation Services; Education and Training; and Accommodation and Food Services.
    • Full-time work is common. Full-time workers, on average, work 40.7 hours per week.
    • Average earnings for full-time workers are low at around $900 per week. Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • The workforce is fairly mature. The average age is 46 years (compared to 40 for all careers) and around 5 in 10 workers are aged 45 years or older.
    • Most workers are male.
    • In 2016, the unemployment rate was above average.

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Employment trend data to November 2015 and Department of Employment projections to 2020.
    YearEmployment Level
    200513500
    200616000
    200712400
    200817200
    200912900
    201014500
    201115000
    201214300
    201314900
    201415700
    201513200
    202013700

    Weekly Earnings

    Full-time Earnings

    All Careers Average

    Weekly Earnings (before tax)

    Source: ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015 cat. no. 6333.0. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsGreenkeepersAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings9001230

    Hours

    Weekly Hours Worked

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016.
    CategoryGreenkeepersAll Jobs Average
    Full-time71.369
    Part-time28.730.8
    Average Weekly Hours (full-time)37.540.2

    Main Industries

    Top Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Arts and Recreation Services29.0
    Education and Training15.6
    Accommodation and Food Services12.0
    Other Services9.8
    Other Industries33.6

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016.
    StateGreenkeepersAll Jobs Average
    NSW37.031.8
    VIC9.725.5
    QLD29.619.8
    SA10.26.7
    WA7.311.1
    TAS3.52
    NT2.21.1
    ACT0.61.8

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016.
    Age BracketGreenkeepersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-193.5-5.45.4
    20-2415.1-9.99.9
    25-3417.7-23.323.3
    35-4412.7-21.621.6
    45-5418.6-21.121.1
    55-5913.3-8.68.6
    60-6415.8-5.95.9
    65 and Over3.3-3.73.7

    Gender

    Male Share

    Female Share

    Gender (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016.
    CategoryGreenkeepersCategoryAll Jobs Average
    Males99.2Males53.8
    Females0.8Females46.1

    Education Level

    Top Education Levels

    Highest Level of Education (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS 2016 Survey of Education and Work (SEW).
    Type of QualificationGreenkeepersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate0.0-8.58.5
    Bachelor degree0.0-17.817.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma0.0-10.110.1
    Certificate III/IV36.2-18.818.8
    Year 1232.3-18.618.6
    Years 11 & 1023.8-17.617.6
    Below Year 107.7-8.08.0

    A Certificate III including at least 2 years of on-the-job training, or a Certificate IV, or at least 3 years of relevant experience, is usually needed. Most workers have not completed any post school qualifications (that is, they have finished either Year 10, 11 or 12 only). Sometimes experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification.
    If you are interested in this style of work, there are a wide range of training options available that could lead to this or a similar job.
    The pathway that is right for you will depend on your skills and interests.

    It is a good idea to speak to industry bodies, employers, and workers to learn more about the skills and qualifications you will need.

    Employers look for Greenkeepers who show sound judgement and make good decisions, are physically fit and have a mature attitude.

    Knowledge

    The topics, subjects, or knowledge areas workers rate as most important are shown below.

    1. English Language

      68% Important

      English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    2. Customer and Personal Service

      65% Important

      Customer and personal services. This includes understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

    3. Chemistry

      60% Important

      Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change. Danger signs and disposal methods.

    4. Mechanical

      59% Important

      Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    5. Public Safety and Security

      55% Important

      Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

    Occupational Information Network First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers Opens in a new window
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Activities

    The work activities workers rate as most important are shown below.

    1. Handling and Moving Objects

      78% Important

      Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.

    2. Controlling Machines and Processes

      76% Important

      Operate machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).

    3. Building Good Relationships

      73% Important

      Building and keeping constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    4. Performing General Physical Activities

      72% Important

      Doing things that use of your arms and legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.

    5. Getting Information

      72% Important

      Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

    Occupational Information Network First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers Opens in a new window
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

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