Concreters pour, spread, smooth and finish concrete for structures such as floors, stairs, ramps, footpaths and bridges.

A Year 10 Certificate, Certificate I, or a short period of on-the-job training is sometimes needed, but is not necessary to work in this job. Around one in three workers have a Certificate III or IV. Sometimes additional tickets are required to work in this job.

Tasks

  • erecting concrete form work and laying steel reinforcing
  • pouring, spreading and levelling concrete using screeds and templates
  • tamping, smoothing, shaping and sealing concrete
  • operating trowelling machines to float, trowel and polish concrete surfaces
  • forming expansion joints and edges using edging tools, jointers and straight edges
  • installing fixtures in concrete such as anchor bolts, steel plates and door sills
  • wetting concrete and rubbing with abrasives to finish vertical surfaces
  • covering concrete with plastic sheeting and sand to cure it
  • cutting lines in concrete using power cutters
  • may cover freshly poured concrete with colouring powders and other materials

Job Titles

  • Concreter or Concrete Worker

    Fast Facts

    • Avg. Weekly Pay

      $1,290 Before Tax
    • Future Growth

      moderate
    • Skill Level

      High School or Certificate I
    • Employment Size

      34800
    • Unemployment

      above average
    • Male Share

      99.2%
    • Female Share

      0.8%
    • Full-Time Share

      89.8%

    Find Vacancies

    This is a large occupation employing 34,800 workers. Over the past 5 years the number of jobs has fallen slightly.
    Moderate growth is expected in the future. New jobs and turnover from workers leaving may create between 25,001 and 50,000 job openings over the 5 years to 2020.

    • Concreters work in most parts of Australia.
    • They nearly all work in Construction.
    • Full-time work is very common. Full-time workers, on average, work 40.5 hours per week (compared to the all jobs average of 40 hours).
    • Average earnings for full-time workers are around $1,290 per week (similar to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • The workforce is fairly young. The average age is 34 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years).
    • More than 9 in 10 workers are male.
    • In 2016, the unemployment rate was above average.

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Employment trend data to November 2015 and Department of Employment projections to 2020.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200531500
    200638500
    200735900
    200837900
    200934500
    201035900
    201140000
    201239500
    201334100
    201433700
    201534800
    202035900

    Weekly Earnings

    Full-time Earnings

    All Jobs Average

    Weekly Earnings (before tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsConcretersAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings12901230

    Hours

    Weekly Hours Worked

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Hours actually worked by people who usually work full-time, and share of employment by full-time and part-time status, for this job compared to the all jobs average.
    CategoryConcretersAll Jobs Average
    Full-time89.868.4
    Part-time10.231.6
    Average Weekly Hours (full-time)40.540

    Main Industries

    Top Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Construction93.7
    Manufacturing3.6
    Wholesale Trade0.9
    Professional, Scientific and Technical Services0.6
    Other Industries1.2

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateConcretersAll Jobs Average
    NSW26.531.8
    VIC29.725.5
    QLD22.619.8
    SA9.16.8
    WA8.511.2
    TAS1.52
    NT1.31.1
    ACT0.71.8

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketConcretersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-194.2-5.45.4
    20-2411.8-9.99.9
    25-3434.9-23.423.4
    35-4422-21.721.7
    45-5414.7-21.121.1
    55-594.9-8.78.7
    60-645.6-5.95.9
    65 and Over1.9-3.83.8

    Gender

    Male Share

    Female Share

    Gender (% share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2016, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Male and female share of employment in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    CategoryConcretersCategoryAll Jobs Average
    Males99.2Males53.6
    Females0.8Females46.4

    Education Level

    Top Education Levels

    Highest Level of Education (% share)

    Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationConcretersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate0-8.68.6
    Bachelor degree0-17.917.9
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma5.5-10.110.1
    Certificate III/IV40.2-18.918.9
    Year 1219.5-18.718.7
    Years 11 & 1028.2-17.717.7
    Below Year 106.6-8.18.1

    A Year 10 Certificate, Certificate I, or a short period of on-the-job training is sometimes needed, but is not necessary to work in this job.
    Around one in three workers have a Certificate III or IV. Sometimes additional tickets are required to work in this job.

    If you are interested in this style of work, there are a wide range of training options available that could lead to this or a similar job.
    The pathway that is right for you will depend on your skills and interests.

    It is a good idea to speak to industry bodies, employers, and workers to learn more about the skills and qualifications you will need.

    Employers look for Concreters who are hardworking, can work independently and are physically fit.

    Knowledge

    The topics, subjects, or knowledge areas workers rate as most important are shown below.

    1. Building and Construction

      83% Important

      Materials, methods, and the tools used to construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

    2. Administration and Management

      72% Important

      Planning and coordination of people and resources.

    3. Mathematics

      71% Important

      Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

    4. Design

      68% Important

      Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

    5. Mechanical

      66% Important

      Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

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    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Activities

    The work activities workers rate as most important are shown below.

    1. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

      86% Important

      Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

    2. Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material

      81% Important

      Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.

    3. Operating Vehicles or Equipment

      77% Important

      Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

    4. Performing General Physical Activities

      75% Important

      Doing things that use of your arms and legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.

    5. Estimating Products, Events, or Information

      74% Important

      Working out sizes, distances, and amounts; or time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.

    Occupational Information Network Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers Opens in a new window
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration. The information on this site is derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2

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