Bricklayers and Stonemasons lay bricks, pre-cut stones and other types of building blocks in mortar to construct and repair walls, partitions, arches and other structures, and cut and shape hard and soft stone blocks and masonry slabs for the construction and renovation of stone structures and monumental masonry.

A Certificate III including at least 2 years of on-the-job training, or a Certificate IV, or at least 3 years of relevant experience, is usually needed. Around half of workers have this level of qualification. Sometimes experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification. Some additional tickets may also be required.

Tasks

  • studying plans and specifications to determine materials required, dimensions and installation procedures
  • erecting and dismantling restricted height scaffolding
  • sealing foundations with damp-resistant materials and spreading layers of mortar to serve as base and binder for blocks using trowels
  • laying bricks in rows, designs and shapes, and spreading mortar between joints
  • embedding blocks in mortar and removing excess mortar
  • checking vertical and horizontal alignment
  • cutting, shaping and polishing stones and bricks using machines and hand tools, and shaping bricks to fit irregular spaces
  • repairing and maintaining bricks, cement blocks and related structures
  • designing and cutting monumental masonry and lettering
  • constructing walls using stone slabs and large masonry slab blocks

Job Titles

  • Bricklayer, or Blocklayer
  • Stonemason
  • Bricklayer, or Blocklayer

    Lays bricks, pre-cut stone and other types of building blocks in mortar to construct and repair walls, partitions, arches and other structures. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Chimney Builder, Refractory Bricklayer, Retort Setter (Bricklaying), Tuckpointer

  • Stonemason

    Cuts and shapes hard and soft stone blocks and masonry slabs to construct and renovate stone structures and monumental masonry. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Construction Stonemason, Monumental Stonemason

Fast Facts

  • $1,200 Weekly Pay
  • 30,000 workers Employment Size
  • Stable Future Growth
  • Medium skill Skill level rating
  • Higher unemployment Unemployment
  • 86.2% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 36.5 hours Average full-time
  • 34 years Average age
  • 0.3% female Gender Share

The number of Bricklayers and Stonemasons grew strongly over the past 5 years and is expected to stay about the same over the next 5 years:
from 30,000 in 2018 to 29,300 by 2023.
Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
There are likely to be around 13,000 job openings over 5 years (that's about 2,600 a year).

  • Size: This is a large occupation.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment was above average in 2017.
  • Location: Bricklayers and Stonemasons work in many regions of Australia. Many work in Western Australia.
  • Industries: Most work in Construction; Manufacturing; and Administrative and Support Services.
  • Earnings: Full-time workers earn around $1,200 per week (similar to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (86.2%, much higher than the all jobs average of 68.4%).
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 36.5 hours per week at work (compared to the all jobs average of 40.0 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 34 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years).
  • Gender: 0.3% of workers are female (compared to the all jobs average of 46.7%).

In 2016, employers had difficulty recruiting Stonemasons who meet their skill requirements in most states and territories (except for Queensland and Western Australia). In 2016, employers in most locations (except for Western Australia and the Northern Territory) found it hard to fill vacancies for Bricklayers. To find out more, view the Department of Jobs and Small Business latest skill shortage research opens in a new window.

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
YearNumber of Workers
200834100
200928100
201032700
201131300
201227900
201327600
201425800
201531200
201625900
201725200
201830000
202329300

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsBricklayers and StonemasonsAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings12001230

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Construction85.1
Manufacturing12.8
Administrative and Support Services0.7
Wholesale Trade0.6
Other Industries0.8

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateBricklayers and StonemasonsAll Jobs Average
NSW26.031.6
VIC27.926.2
QLD13.219.7
SA6.26.7
WA23.210.8
TAS0.92.0
NT0.71.1
ACT1.91.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketBricklayers and StonemasonsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-195.6-5.25.2
20-2413.6-9.99.9
25-3433.4-23.623.6
35-4413.4-21.721.7
45-5414.1-20.820.8
55-5912.2-8.88.8
60-645.1-6.06.0
65 and Over2.7-4.04.0

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationBricklayers and StonemasonsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate0-8.68.6
Bachelor degree0-17.917.9
Advanced Diploma/Diploma0-10.110.1
Certificate III/IV48-18.918.9
Year 1216.7-18.718.7
Years 11 & 1030-17.717.7
Below Year 105.3-8.18.1

A Certificate III including at least 2 years of on-the-job training, or a Certificate IV, or at least 3 years of relevant experience, is usually needed.
Around half of workers have this level of qualification. Sometimes experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification. Some additional tickets may also be required.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Construction, Plumbing and Services VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Bricklayers and Stonemasons who are reliable, work well in a team and are hardworking.

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Building and Construction

    86% Important

    Materials, methods, and the tools used to construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

  2. Mathematics

    71% Important

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  3. Mechanical

    69% Important

    Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

  4. Customer and Personal Service

    67% Important

    Customer and personal services. This includes understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  5. Design

    66% Important

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2021.00 - Brickmasons and Blockmasons.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Handling and Moving Objects

    92% Important

    Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.

  2. Performing General Physical Activities

    92% Important

    Doing things that use of your arms and legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.

  3. Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material

    90% Important

    Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.

  4. Operating Vehicles or Equipment

    84% Important

    Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

  5. Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work

    83% Important

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2021.00 - Brickmasons and Blockmasons.

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