Carpenters and Joiners construct, erect, install, renovate and repair structures and fixtures made of wood, plywood, wallboard and other materials, and cut, shape and fit timber parts to form structures and fittings.

A Certificate III/IV is usually needed to work in this job and the majority of workers have this qualification. Training is most commonly through an apprenticeship which combines on-the-job training with the qualification. Some additional tickets may also be required.

Tasks

  • studying drawings and specifications to determine materials required, dimensions and installation procedures
  • ordering and selecting timbers and materials, and preparing layouts
  • cutting materials, and assembling and nailing cut and shaped parts
  • erecting framework and roof framing, laying sub-flooring and floorboards and verifying trueness of structures
  • nailing fascia panels, sheathing roofs, and fitting exterior wall cladding and door and window frames
  • assembling prepared wood to form structures and fittings ready to install
  • cutting wood joints
  • may construct concrete formwork
  • may repair existing fittings
  • may work with plastic laminates, perspex and metals

Job Titles

  • Carpenter and Joiner
  • Carpenter
  • Joiner
  • Carpenter and Joiner

    Constructs and installs structures and fixtures of wood, plywood, and wallboard, and cuts, shapes and fits timber parts to form structures and fittings. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Shopfitter

  • Carpenter

    Constructs, erects, installs, renovates and repairs structures and fixtures of wood, plywood, wallboard and other materials. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Fixing Carpenter, Formwork Carpenter, Prop and Scenery Maker

  • Joiner

    Cuts, shapes and fits timber parts in workshops to form structures and fittings, ready for installation. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Joinery Machinist, Joinery Patternmaker, Joinery Setter-out

Fast Facts

  • $1,000 Weekly Pay
  • 117,600 workers Employment Size
  • Stable Future Growth
  • Medium skill Skill level rating
  • Lower unemployment Unemployment
  • 92.4% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 40.9 hours Average full-time
  • 33 years Average age
  • 0.2% female Gender Share

The number of Carpenters and Joiners grew moderately over the past 5 years and is expected to stay fairly stable over the next 5 years:
from 117,600 in 2017 to 117,800 by 2022.
There are likely to be around 53,000 job openings over this time from workers leaving and new jobs being created.

  • Size: This is a very large occupation.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2017.
  • Location: Carpenters and Joiners work in most regions of Australia.
  • Industries: Most work in Construction; Manufacturing; and Administrative and Support Services.
  • Earnings: Full-time workers earn around $1,000 per week (below the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (92.4%, much higher than the all jobs average of 68.4%) showing part-time work may be hard to find.
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 40.9 hours per week at work (compared to the all jobs average of 40.0 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 33 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years). Many workers are under 25 years of age (24.1%).
  • Gender: 0.2% of workers are female (compared to the all jobs average of 46.7%).

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2017 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2022.
YearNumber of Workers
2007107900
2008126500
2009119500
2010112300
2011129100
2012113100
2013127700
2014131200
2015120800
2016128800
2017117600
2022117800

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings10001230

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Construction85.1
Manufacturing10.2
Administrative and Support Services0.8
Health Care and Social Assistance0.8
Other Industries3.1

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs Average
NSW32.731.6
VIC27.726.2
QLD20.919.7
SA4.16.7
WA9.310.8
TAS2.62.0
NT0.81.1
ACT1.91.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-198.4-5.25.2
20-2415.7-9.99.9
25-3430.6-23.623.6
35-4420.2-21.721.7
45-5413.8-20.820.8
55-596.0-8.88.8
60-643.8-6.06.0
65 and Over1.5-4.04.0

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate0-8.68.6
Bachelor degree1.1-17.917.9
Advanced Diploma/Diploma3.6-10.110.1
Certificate III/IV68.6-18.918.9
Year 1214.3-18.718.7
Years 11 & 109.5-17.717.7
Below Year 102.9-8.18.1

A Certificate III/IV is usually needed to work in this job and the majority of workers have this qualification. Training is most commonly through an apprenticeship which combines on-the-job training with the qualification. Some additional tickets may also be required.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Construction, Plumbing and Services VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Carpenters and Joiners who are hardworking, reliable and work well in a team.

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Building and Construction

    92% Important

    Materials, methods, and the tools used to construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

  2. Mathematics

    83% Important

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  3. English Language

    76% Important

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  4. Mechanical

    73% Important

    Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

  5. Design

    72% Important

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2031.01 - Construction Carpenters.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Getting Information

    88% Important

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  2. Performing General Physical Activities

    82% Important

    Doing things that use of your arms and legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.

  3. Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material

    82% Important

    Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.

  4. Handling and Moving Objects

    80% Important

    Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.

  5. Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work

    80% Important

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2031.01 - Construction Carpenters.

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