Crop Farmers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations to grow crops.

At least 5 years of relevant experience is usually needed to work in this job (that's a skill level equal to a Bachelor Degree or higher). Around one in four workers have Year 12 as their highest level of education.

Tasks

  • planning and coordinating the production and marketing of crops, such as grain, cotton, sugar cane, fruit and nuts, vegetables, turf and flowers, from soil preparation to harvest taking into account environmental and market factors
  • selecting and planting seeds, seedlings and bulbs, and grafting new varieties to root stocks
  • maintaining crop production by cultivating, de-budding and pruning, and maintaining optimal growing conditions
  • organising and conducting farming operations, such as collecting, storing, grading and packaging produce, and organising the sale, purchase and despatch of produce
  • directing and overseeing general farming activities such as fertilising and pest and weed control
  • maintaining farm buildings, fences, equipment and water supply systems
  • maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity, and planning crop preparation and production to meet contract requirements and market demand
  • managing business capital including budgeting, taxation, debt and loan management
  • may select, train and supervise staff and contractors

Job Titles

  • Cotton Grower
  • Flower Grower, or Floriculturist
  • Fruit or Nut Grower
  • Grain, Oilseed or Pasture Grower
  • Grape Grower
  • Mixed Crop Farmer
  • Sugar Cane Grower
  • Turf Grower
  • Vegetable Grower
  • Other Crop Farmers
  • Cotton Grower

    Grows cotton.

  • Flower Grower or Floriculturist

    Manages planting, cultivating and harvesting activities to grow flowering and foliage plants.

    Specialisations: Market Gardener (Flowers)

  • Fruit or Nut Grower

    Grows fruit and nuts.

    Specialisations: Market Gardener (Fruit), Olive Grower, Orchardist

  • Grain, Oilseed or Pasture Grower

    Grows grain, oilseed, protein and pasture crops.

    Specialisations: Lucerne Farmer, Soybean Grower, Wheat Farmer

  • Grape Grower

    Grows table or wine grapes.

    Specialisations: Viticulturist

  • Mixed Crop Farmer

    Grows a variety of crops.

  • Sugar Cane Grower

    Grows sugar cane.

  • Turf Grower

    Grows turf.

  • Vegetable Grower

    Manages farming, greenhouse and market garden operations to grow vegetables.

    Specialisations: Market Gardener (Vegetables)

  • Other Crop Farmers

    Includes Coffee Grower, Ginger Farmer, Hop Farmer, Mushroom Farmer, Tea Tree Farmer, Tree Farmer

Fast Facts

  • $1,101 Weekly Pay
  • 41,000 workers Employment Size
  • Stable Future Growth
  • Very high skill Skill level rating
  • Lower unemployment Unemployment
  • 84.1% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 52.6 hours Average full-time
  • 53 years Average age
  • 17.5% female Gender Share

The number of Crop Farmers fell over the past 5 years and is expected to stay fairly stable over the next 5 years:
from 41,000 in 2017 to 41,600 by 2022.
There are likely to be around 1,000 job openings over this time from workers leaving and new jobs being created (a small number for an occupation of this size).

  • Size: This is a large occupation.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2017.
  • Location: Crop Farmers work in many regions of Australia. Many work in South Australia.
  • Industries: Most work in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing industry.
  • Earnings: Full-time workers earn around $1,101 per week (similar to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (84.1%, much higher than the all jobs average of 68.4%).
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 52.6 hours per week at work (compared to the all jobs average of 40.0 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 53 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years). Many workers are 45 years or older (67.8%).
  • Gender: 17.5% of workers are female (compared to the all jobs average of 46.7%).

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2017 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2022.
YearNumber of Workers
200754200
200846600
200948600
201049400
201142000
201243800
201344700
201448400
201534300
201639800
201741000
202241600

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsCrop FarmersAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings11011230

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing95.3
Manufacturing2.1
Education and Training0.8
Transport, Postal and Warehousing0.5
Other Industries1.3

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateCrop FarmersAll Jobs Average
NSW18.931.6
VIC25.126.2
QLD19.219.7
SA17.76.7
WA15.310.8
TAS2.92.0
NT0.81.1
ACT0.11.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketCrop FarmersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-191.6-5.25.2
20-243.1-9.99.9
25-349.7-23.623.6
35-4417.8-21.721.7
45-5422.0-20.820.8
55-5910.7-8.88.8
60-6411.5-6.06.0
65 and Over23.6-4.04.0

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

At least 5 years of relevant experience is usually needed to work in this job (that's a skill level equal to a Bachelor Degree or higher).
Around one in four workers have Year 12 as their highest level of education.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation & Land Management VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Crop Farmers who can communicate and connect well with others and who are reliable.

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Food Production

    91% Important

    Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.

  2. Administration and Management

    84% Important

    Planning and coordination of people and resources.

  3. Mathematics

    80% Important

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  4. Production and Processing

    77% Important

    Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

  5. Economics and Accounting

    75% Important

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

    84% Important

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  2. Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work

    80% Important

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  3. Operating Vehicles or Equipment

    79% Important

    Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

  4. Developing Objectives and Strategies

    77% Important

    Deciding on goals and the figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.

  5. Monitoring and Controlling Resources

    77% Important

    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers.

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