Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations to both grow crops and to breed and raise livestock.

Workers normally have at least 5 years of relevant experience (that's a skill level equal to a Bachelor Degree or higher). Many workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification.

Tasks

  • planning and coordinating the production and marketing of crops and livestock
  • breeding and raising livestock for the production of meat, wool, skins, milk or eggs, and growing grain, seed crops, vegetables, fruit or nuts
  • monitoring and maintaining the health and condition of livestock
  • providing pastures and fodder to maintain appropriate nutritional levels
  • selecting and purchasing seed for planting, planning and implementing breeding programs
  • directing and overseeing general farming activities such as fertilising, and pest and weed control
  • maintaining farm buildings, fences, equipment and water supply systems
  • organising the sale, purchase and transportation of livestock and produce
  • maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity and planning production accordingly
  • managing business capital, monitoring market activity and planning production accordingly
  • may select, train and supervise staff and contractors

Job Titles

  • Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmer, or Farmer and Grazier
  • Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmer, or Farmer and Grazier

    Specialisations: Cattle and Wheat Farmer, Sheep and Wheat Farmer

Fast Facts

  • Unavailable Weekly Pay
  • 25,800 workers Employment Size
  • Decline Future Growth
  • Very high skill Skill level rating
  • Lower unemployment Unemployment
  • 90.0% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 58.9 hours Average full-time
  • 55 years Average age
  • 22.7% female Gender Share

The number of Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers fell over the past 5 years and is expected to fall over the next 5 years:
from 25,800 in 2017 to 21,200 by 2022.
There are likely to be less than 1,000 job openings over this time from workers leaving and new jobs being created (a small number for an occupation of this size).

  • Size: This is a large occupation.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2017.
  • Location: Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers work in many regions of Australia. Many work in Western Australia or South Australia.
  • Industries: Most work in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing industry.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (90%, much higher than the all jobs average of 68.4%).
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 58.9 hours per week at work (compared to the all jobs average of 40.0 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 55 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years). Many workers are 45 years or older (71.3%).
  • Gender: 22.7% of workers are female (compared to the all jobs average of 46.7%).

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2017 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2022.
YearNumber of Workers
200735800
200832400
200938300
201037400
201130500
201231300
201324000
201427500
201526500
201623200
201725800
202221200

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing98.9
Wholesale Trade0.6
Administrative and Support Services0.3
Rental, Hiring and Real Estate Services0.2

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateMixed Crop and Livestock FarmersAll Jobs Average
NSW22.631.6
VIC25.326.2
QLD7.319.7
SA14.86.7
WA28.610.8
TAS1.42.0
NT0.01.1
ACT0.01.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketMixed Crop and Livestock FarmersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.3-5.25.2
20-245.1-9.99.9
25-3411.0-23.623.6
35-4412.3-21.721.7
45-5419.5-20.820.8
55-5916.3-8.88.8
60-648.7-6.06.0
65 and Over26.8-4.04.0

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Workers normally have at least 5 years of relevant experience (that's a skill level equal to a Bachelor Degree or higher). Many workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation & Land Management VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers who can communicate and connect well with others and who are reliable.

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Food Production

    91% Important

    Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.

  2. Administration and Management

    84% Important

    Planning and coordination of people and resources.

  3. Mathematics

    80% Important

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  4. Production and Processing

    77% Important

    Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

  5. Economics and Accounting

    75% Important

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

    84% Important

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  2. Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work

    80% Important

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  3. Operating Vehicles or Equipment

    79% Important

    Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

  4. Developing Objectives and Strategies

    77% Important

    Deciding on goals and the figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.

  5. Monitoring and Controlling Resources

    77% Important

    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers.

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