Database and Systems Administrators, and ICT Security Specialists plan, develop, maintain, manage and administer organisations' database management systems, operating systems and security policies and procedures to ensure optimal database and system integrity, security, backup, reliability and performance.

A Bachelor Degree or higher, or at least 5 years of relevant experience, or relevant vendor certification is usually needed. Around half of workers have a university degree. Sometimes experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification.

Tasks

  • designing and maintaining database architecture, data structures, tables, dictionaries and naming conventions to ensure the accuracy and completeness of all data master files
  • performing the operational establishment and preventive maintenance of backups, recovery procedures, and enforcing security and integrity controls
  • implementing and administering database documentation, guidelines, policies and procedures
  • testing database systems and upgrades, such as debugging, tracking, reproduction, logging and resolving all identified problems, according to approved quality testing scripts, procedures and processes
  • accepting responsibility for the processes, procedures and operational management associated with system security and disaster recovery planning
  • liaising with security vendors, suppliers, service providers and external resources; analysing, recommending, installing and maintaining software security applications; and monitoring contractual obligations, performance delivery and service level agreements
  • troubleshooting and providing service support in diagnosing, resolving and repairing server-related hardware and software malfunctions, encompassing workstations and communication infrastructure
  • preparing and maintaining documentation, policies and instructions, and recording and detailing operational procedures and system logs
  • ensuring that the design of computer sites allows all components to fit together and work properly, and monitoring and adjusting the performance of networks
  • continually surveying the current computer site to determine future network needs and making recommendations for enhancements in the implementation of future servers and networks

Job Titles

  • Database Administrator
  • ICT Security Specialist, or Security Administrator
  • Systems Administrator, or Systems Manager
  • Database Administrator (Database Operator, Specialist, or Support, or DBA)

    Plans, develops, configures, maintains and supports an organisation's database management system in accordance with user requirements ensuring optimal database integrity, security, backup, reliability and performance.

    Specialisations: Database Analyst

  • ICT Security Specialist, or Security Administrator

    Establishes, manages and administers an organisation's ICT security policy and procedures to ensure preventive and recovery strategies are in place, and minimise the risk of internal and external security threats.

    Specialisations: Information Technology Security Manager

  • Systems Administrator, or Systems Manager

    Plans, develops, installs, troubleshoots, maintains and supports an operating system and associated server hardware, software and databases ensuring optimum system integrity, security, backup and performance.

Fast Facts

  • $1,693 Weekly Pay
  • 36,700 workers Employment Size
  • Strong Future Growth
  • Very high skill Skill level rating
  • Average unemployment Unemployment
  • 91.2% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 38.9 hours Average full-time
  • 40 years Average age
  • 20.4% female Gender Share

The number of Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security stayed fairly stable over the past 5 years and is expected to grow strongly over the next 5 years:
from 36,700 in 2017 to 41,000 by 2022.
There are likely to be around 24,000 job openings over this time from workers leaving and new jobs being created.

  • Size: This is a large occupation.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment was average in 2017.
  • Location: Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security work in most regions of Australia.
  • Industries: Most work in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services; Public Administration and Safety; and Financial and Insurance Services.
  • Earnings: Full-time workers earn around $1,693 per week (very high compared to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (91.2%, much higher than the all jobs average of 68.4%) showing part-time work may be hard to find.
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 38.9 hours per week at work (compared to the all jobs average of 40.0 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 40 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years).
  • Gender: 20.4% of workers are female (compared to the all jobs average of 46.7%).

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2017 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2022.
YearNumber of Workers
200728500
200832900
200936400
201031000
201135100
201236400
201335900
201439700
201538400
201639800
201736700
202241000

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings16931230

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services30.1
Public Administration and Safety15.2
Financial and Insurance Services11.3
Education and Training8.3
Other Industries35.1

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs Average
NSW34.031.6
VIC28.426.2
QLD12.819.7
SA4.46.7
WA8.810.8
TAS2.12.0
NT0.61.1
ACT8.81.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.1-5.25.2
20-244.5-9.99.9
25-3425.0-23.623.6
35-4433.6-21.721.7
45-5423.6-20.820.8
55-596.7-8.88.8
60-644.3-6.06.0
65 and Over2.2-4.04.0

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate18-8.68.6
Bachelor degree32.6-17.917.9
Advanced Diploma/Diploma16.4-10.110.1
Certificate III/IV9.7-18.918.9
Year 1220.1-18.718.7
Years 11 & 103.2-17.717.7
Below Year 100-8.18.1

A Bachelor Degree or higher, or at least 5 years of relevant experience, or relevant vendor certification is usually needed.
Around half of workers have a university degree. Sometimes experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Information and Communications Technology VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong computer literacy.

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Computers and Electronics

    89% Important

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  2. English Language

    66% Important

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  3. Telecommunications

    65% Important

    Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

  4. Mathematics

    62% Important

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  5. Clerical

    60% Important

    Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 15-1141.00 - Database Administrators.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Interacting With Computers

    100% Important

    Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

  2. Processing Information

    88% Important

    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.

  3. Analyzing Data or Information

    87% Important

    Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.

  4. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

    87% Important

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  5. Getting Information

    85% Important

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 15-1141.00 - Database Administrators.

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