Psychologists investigate, assess and provide treatment and counselling to foster optimal personal, social, educational and occupational adjustment and development.

A Bachelor Degree or higher is required. Sometimes relevant experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to the qualification. Registration or licensing may also required.

Tasks

  • collecting data about clients and assessing their cognitive, behavioural and emotional disorders
  • administering and interpreting diagnostic tests and formulating plans for treatment
  • developing, administering and evaluating individual and group treatment programs
  • consulting with other professionals on details of cases and treatment plans
  • conducting research studies of motivation in learning, group performance and individual differences in mental abilities and educational performance
  • collecting data and analysing characteristics of students and recommending educational programs
  • formulating achievement, diagnostic and predictive tests for use by teachers in planning methods and content of instruction
  • developing interview techniques, psychological tests and other aids in workplace selection, placement, appraisal and promotion
  • conducting surveys and research studies on job design, work groups, morale, motivation, supervision and management
  • performing job analyses and establishing job requirements by observing and interviewing employees and managers

Job Titles

  • Clinical Psychologist
  • Educational Psychologist
  • Organisational, Industrial or Occupational Psychologist
  • Psychotherapist
  • Other Psychologists
  • Clinical Psychologist

    Consults with individuals and groups, assesses psychological disorders and administers programs of treatment. Registration or licensing is required.

    Specialisations: Forensic Psychologist, Health Psychologist, Neuropsychologist

  • Educational Psychologist

    Investigates learning and teaching, and develops psychological techniques to foster the development and skills of individuals and groups in educational settings. Registration or licensing is required.

  • Organisational, Industrial or Occupational Psychologist

    Applies psychological principles and techniques to study occupational behaviour, working conditions and organisational structure, and solve problems of work performance and organisational design. Registration or licensing is required.

  • Psychotherapist

    Provides diagnosis and treatment of mental and emotional disorders using psychotherapeutic methods such as behavioural therapy, biofeedback, relaxation therapy and other techniques.

    Specialisations: Art Psychotherapist or Therapist

  • Other Psychologists

    Includes Counselling Psychologist, Sport Psychologist. Registration or licensing is required.

Fast Facts

  • $1,934 Weekly Pay
  • 28,800 workers Employment Size
  • Very strong Future Growth
  • Very high skill Skill level rating
  • Lower unemployment Unemployment
  • 59.4% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 36 hours Average full-time
  • 45 years Average age
  • 82.9% female Gender Share

The number of Psychologists grew very strongly over the past 5 years and is expected to grow very strongly over the next 5 years:
from 28,800 in 2017 to 33,700 by 2022.
There are likely to be around 24,000 job openings over this time from workers leaving and new jobs being created.

  • Size: This is a large occupation.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2017.
  • Location: Psychologists work in most regions of Australia.
  • Industries: Most work in Health Care and Social Assistance; Public Administration and Safety; and Education and Training.
  • Earnings: Full-time workers earn around $1,934 per week (very high compared to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • Full-time: More than half work full-time (59.4%, similar to the all jobs average of 68.4%), but there are many opportunites to work part-time.
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 36.0 hours per week at work (compared to the all jobs average of 40.0 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 45 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years). Many workers are 45 years or older (50.8%).
  • Gender: 82.9% of workers are female (compared to the all jobs average of 46.7%).

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2017 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2022.
YearNumber of Workers
200713800
200820000
200923500
201019900
201121700
201221400
201322000
201422500
201522500
201629200
201728800
202233700

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsPsychologistsAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings19341230

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Health Care and Social Assistance75.3
Public Administration and Safety13.0
Education and Training9.2
Transport, Postal and Warehousing0.7
Other Industries1.8

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StatePsychologistsAll Jobs Average
NSW34.931.6
VIC27.826.2
QLD17.219.7
SA5.36.7
WA9.210.8
TAS2.22.0
NT0.51.1
ACT2.91.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketPsychologistsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.0-5.25.2
20-242.7-9.99.9
25-3426.3-23.623.6
35-4420.3-21.721.7
45-5423.9-20.820.8
55-598.4-8.88.8
60-6410.9-6.06.0
65 and Over7.6-4.04.0

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationPsychologistsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate78.5-8.68.6
Bachelor degree21.5-17.917.9
Advanced Diploma/Diploma0-10.110.1
Certificate III/IV0-18.918.9
Year 120-18.718.7
Years 11 & 100-17.717.7
Below Year 100-8.18.1

A Bachelor Degree or higher is required. Sometimes relevant experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to the qualification. Registration or licensing may also required.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Community Services VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Psychologists who are caring, compassionate, empathetic and work well in a team.

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Psychology

    100% Important

    Human behaviour and performance; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioural and affective disorders.

  2. Therapy and Counseling

    98% Important

    Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.

  3. English Language

    90% Important

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  4. Customer and Personal Service

    79% Important

    Customer and personal services. This includes understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  5. Law and Government

    63% Important

    How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 19-3031.02 - Clinical Psychologists.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Assisting and Caring for Others

    99% Important

    Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support to people such as co-workers, customers, or patients.

  2. Getting Information

    96% Important

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  3. Judging Things, Services, or People

    94% Important

    Working out the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

  4. Building Good Relationships

    90% Important

    Building and keeping constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

  5. Interpreting Information for Others

    90% Important

    Helping people to understand and use information.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 19-3031.02 - Clinical Psychologists.

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