Train and Tram Drivers drive trains and trams to transport passengers and freight on rail networks.

A Certificate II or III, or at least 1 year of relevant experience, is usually needed to work in this job. Even with a qualification, sometimes experience or on-the-job training is necessary. Registration or licensing is required.

Tasks

  • stopping at stations and set locations to pick up and set down passengers and freight
  • opening and closing doors before and after passengers board or alight
  • observing signals, track conditions, nearby traffic and prescribed speeds to ensure safety
  • monitoring indicator gauges, changing controls and power supply poles and reporting operating irregularities
  • checking time and adherence to timetables
  • may advise passengers on destinations

Job Titles

  • Train Driver
  • Tram Driver
  • Train Driver (also called Locomotive Driver)

    Drives a train to transport passengers and freight on railways. Registration or licensing is required.

    Specialisations: Electric Train Driver, Fireperson (Railway), Locomotive Observer, Rail Car Driver, Steam Train Driver

  • Tram Driver

    Drives a tram to transport passengers on urban light rail networks. Registration or licensing is required.

Fast Facts

  • $1,800 Weekly Pay
  • 15,400 workers Employment Size
  • Moderate Future Growth
  • Lower skill Skill level rating
  • Lower unemployment Unemployment
  • 96.6% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 38.6 hours Average full-time
  • 48.5 years Average age
  • 15.2% female Gender Share

The number of Train and Tram Drivers grew very strongly over the past 5 years and is expected to grow moderately over the next 5 years:
from 15,400 in 2017 to 16,200 by 2022.
There are likely to be around 6,000 job openings over this time from workers leaving and new jobs being created.

  • Size: This is a medium sized occupation.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2017.
  • Location: Train and Tram Drivers work in most regions of Australia.
  • Industries: Most work in Transport, Postal and Warehousing; Mining; and Administrative and Support Services.
  • Earnings: Full-time workers earn around $1,800 per week (very high compared to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (96.6%, much higher than the all jobs average of 68.4%) showing part-time work may be hard to find.
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 38.6 hours per week at work (compared to the all jobs average of 40.0 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 49 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years). Many workers are 45 years or older (56.8%).
  • Gender: 15.2% of workers are female (compared to the all jobs average of 46.7%).

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2017 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2022.
YearNumber of Workers
20079400
200811500
200911800
201011100
201114100
201210100
201313800
201414800
201512300
201611600
201715400
202216200

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsTrain and Tram DriversAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings18001230

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Transport, Postal and Warehousing83.6
Mining8.0
Administrative and Support Services2.8
Public Administration and Safety1.9
Other Industries3.7

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateTrain and Tram DriversAll Jobs Average
NSW36.031.6
VIC22.426.2
QLD21.719.7
SA7.76.7
WA10.810.8
TAS0.52.0
NT0.51.1
ACT0.51.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketTrain and Tram DriversAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.0-5.25.2
20-240.0-9.99.9
25-3416.6-23.623.6
35-4426.5-21.721.7
45-5420.7-20.820.8
55-5925.0-8.88.8
60-649.8-6.06.0
65 and Over1.3-4.04.0

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

A Certificate II or III, or at least 1 year of relevant experience, is usually needed to work in this job. Even with a qualification, sometimes experience or on-the-job training is necessary. Registration or licensing is required.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Transport and Logistics Training Package VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Train and Tram Drivers who can interact with customers, provide good customer service and are well presented.

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Transportation

    89% Important

    Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.

  2. Public Safety and Security

    72% Important

    Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

  3. English Language

    67% Important

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  4. Education and Training

    66% Important

    Teaching and course design.

  5. Customer and Personal Service

    60% Important

    Customer and personal services. This includes understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 53-4011.00 - Locomotive Engineers.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Controlling Machines and Processes

    93% Important

    Operate machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).

  2. Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events

    90% Important

    Comparing objects, actions, or events, looking for differences between them or changes over time.

  3. Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material

    90% Important

    Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.

  4. Operating Vehicles or Equipment

    88% Important

    Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

  5. Getting Information

    86% Important

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 53-4011.00 - Locomotive Engineers.

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