Paving and Surfacing Labourers perform routine tasks associated in laying bituminous and other paving materials on roads, runways, parking areas and other surfaces to be paved.

A Year 10 Certificate, Certificate I, or a short period of on-the-job training is sometimes needed, but is not necessary to work in this job. Around one in two workers have a Certificate III or IV.

Tasks

  • sweeping paving bases prior to laying asphalt and other surfaces
  • sprinkling and brushing hot and cold-mix asphalt over surfaces to be paved and repaired to bond asphalt toppings to bases
  • operating tank-truck distributors and hoses to spray tar and road oils and emulsions on graded surfaces prior to paving
  • tripping tail-gate levers to discharge hot-mix asphalt into paving machines, and spreading stone chips, gravel and cold-mix asphalt onto road surfaces
  • shovelling asphalt mix into areas inaccessible to paving machines, and compacting mix using rakes and hand tampers
  • cutting and trimming damaged surfaces using jack-hammers and softening edges of areas to be repaired with blowtorches
  • erecting and dismantling barricades
  • loading and unloading equipment, and cleaning work sites
  • may direct traffic

Job Titles

  • Paving and Surfacing Labourer

    Fast Facts

    • $1,164 Weekly Pay
    • 8,100 workers Employment Size
    • Stable Future Growth
    • Entry level Skill level rating
    • Average unemployment Unemployment
    • 96.5% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 38.2 hours Average full-time
    • 43.5 years Average age
    • 3.0% female Gender Share

    The number of Paving and Surfacing Labourers fell over the past 5 years and is expected to stay about the same over the next 5 years:
    from 8,100 in 2018 to 8,200 by 2023.
    Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
    There are likely to be around 8,000 job openings over 5 years (that's about 1,600 a year).

    • Size: This is a small occupation.
    • Unemployment: Unemployment was average in 2017.
    • Location: Paving and Surfacing Labourers work in most regions of Australia.
    • Industries: Most work in Construction; Public Administration and Safety; and Manufacturing.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers earn around $1,164 per week (similar to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Most work full-time (96.5%, much higher than the all jobs average of 68.4%) showing part-time work may be hard to find.
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 38.2 hours per week at work (compared to the all jobs average of 40.0 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 44 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years).
    • Gender: 3% of workers are female (compared to the all jobs average of 46.7%).

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
    YearNumber of Workers
    20089200
    20097900
    20109900
    201110300
    20129300
    201311200
    20148400
    20156800
    20169300
    201710300
    20188100
    20238200

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsPaving and Surfacing LabourersAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings11641230

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Construction63.6
    Public Administration and Safety30.2
    Manufacturing1.9
    Professional, Scientific and Technical Services1.8
    Other Industries2.5

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StatePaving and Surfacing LabourersAll Jobs Average
    NSW31.831.6
    VIC18.826.2
    QLD26.019.7
    SA7.06.7
    WA9.410.8
    TAS5.42.0
    NT1.11.1
    ACT0.41.8

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketPaving and Surfacing LabourersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-193.0-5.25.2
    20-246.4-9.99.9
    25-3420.2-23.623.6
    35-4423.3-21.721.7
    45-5428.8-20.820.8
    55-5912.0-8.88.8
    60-644.3-6.06.0
    65 and Over2.1-4.04.0

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationPaving and Surfacing LabourersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate0-8.68.6
    Bachelor degree0-17.917.9
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma0-10.110.1
    Certificate III/IV50.6-18.918.9
    Year 1214.6-18.718.7
    Years 11 & 1034.8-17.717.7
    Below Year 100-8.18.1

    A Year 10 Certificate, Certificate I, or a short period of on-the-job training is sometimes needed, but is not necessary to work in this job.
    Around one in two workers have a Certificate III or IV.

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Construction, Plumbing and Services VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Paving and Surfacing Labourers who are motivated and hardworking.

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Public Safety and Security

      79% Important

      Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

    2. Transportation

      72% Important

      Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.

    3. Mechanical

      68% Important

      Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    4. Building and Construction

      66% Important

      Materials, methods, and the tools used to construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

    5. English Language

      65% Important

      English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2071.00 - Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Activities

    These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

    1. Controlling Machines and Processes

      92% Important

      Operate machines or processes either directly or using controls (not including computers or vehicles).

    2. Operating Vehicles or Equipment

      88% Important

      Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

    3. Performing General Physical Activities

      85% Important

      Doing things that use of your arms and legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.

    4. Handling and Moving Objects

      82% Important

      Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.

    5. Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material

      79% Important

      Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2071.00 - Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators.

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