Grain, Oilseed or Pasture Growers manage planting, cultivating and harvesting activities to grow grain, oilseed, protein, and pasture crops.

Specialisations: Lucerne Farmer, Soybean Grower, Wheat Farmer.

Skills in farm management or crop production are usually required to work as a Grain, Oilseed or Pasture Grower. Training may also be available through VET (Vocational Education and Training).

Tasks

  • Plans and co-ordinates the production and marketing of crops, from soil preparation through to harvest, taking into account environmental and market factors.
  • Selects and plants seeds.
  • Maintains crop production by cultivating and maintaining optimal growing conditions.
  • Organises and conducts farming operations, such as collecting, storing, grading and packaging produce, and organising the sale, purchase and dispatch of produce.
  • Directs and oversees general farming activities such as fertilising and the control of pests and weeds.
  • Maintains farm buildings, fences, equipment and water supply systems.
  • Maintains and evaluates records of farming activities, monitoring market activity, and planning crop preparation and production to meet contract requirements and market demand.
  • Manages business capital including budgeting, taxation, debt and loan management.
  • May select, train and supervise staff and contractors.

All Crop Farmers

  • $1,788 Weekly Pay
  • Stable Future Growth
  • Lower unemployment Unemployment

Grain, Oilseed and Pasture Growers

  • 11,000 workers Employment Size
  • Very high skill Skill level rating
  • 82% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 54 hours Average full-time
  • 52 years Average age
  • 23% female Gender Share

The number of people working as Grain, Oilseed and Pasture Growers (in their main job) grew strongly over 5 years:
from 10,000 in 2011 to 11,000 in 2016.

  • Size: This is a medium sized occupation.
  • Location: Many Grain, Oilseed and Pasture Growers work in Western Australia and South Australia.
  • Industries: Most work in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing industry.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (82%, much higher than the average of 66%).
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 54 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 52 years (compared to the average of 40 years). Many workers are 45 years or older (69%).
  • Gender: 23% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing97.7
Wholesale Trade0.7
Transport, Postal and Warehousing0.5
Manufacturing0.4
Other Industries0.7

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateGrain, Oilseed and Pasture GrowersAll Jobs Average
NSW23.231.6
VIC22.925.6
QLD12.120.0
SA18.67.0
WA22.510.8
TAS0.62.0
NT0.11.0
ACT0.01.9

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketGrain, Oilseed and Pasture GrowersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.8-5.05.0
20-242.2-9.39.3
25-3410.7-22.922.9
35-4417.4-22.022.0
45-5424.0-21.621.6
55-5912.6-9.09.0
60-6411.7-6.06.0
65 and Over20.6-4.24.2

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationGrain, Oilseed and Pasture GrowersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate1.7-10.110.1
Bachelor degree9.0-21.821.8
Advanced Diploma/Diploma9.5-11.611.6
Certificate III/IV19.6-21.121.1
Year 1219.8-18.118.1
Year 1111.2-4.84.8
Year 10 and below29.1-12.512.5

Skills in farm management or crop production are usually required to work as a Grain, Oilseed or Pasture Grower. Training may also be available through VET (Vocational Education and Training).

Membership with the National Farmers' Federation may be useful.

Thinking about study or training?

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation & Land Management VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

Useful links and resources


The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Crop Farmers who can communicate and connect well with others and who are reliable.

Filter Skills & Knowledge

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Food production

    70% Skill level

    Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.

  2. Administration and management

    70% Skill level

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

  3. Production and processing

    69% Skill level

    Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

  4. Mathematics

    68% Skill level

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  5. Economics and accounting

    65% Skill level

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Filter Work Environment

Demands

The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

  1. Unstructured work

    99% Important

    Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.

  2. Outdoors, exposed to weather

    98% Important

    Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.

  3. Face-to-face discussions

    96% Important

    Talk with people face-to-face.

  4. Freedom to make decisions

    96% Important

    Have freedom to make decision on your own.

  5. In an enclosed vehicle or equipment

    94% Important

    Work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car).

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers.

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