Mixed Crop Farmers grow a variety of crops.

    You can work as a Mixed Crop Farmer without formal qualifications, however, crop production experience is generally needed. Training may also be available through VET (Vocational Education and Training).

    Tasks

    • Co-ordinates production and marketing of crops, from soil preparation through to harvest, taking into account environmental and market factors.
    • Plants seeds, seedlings and bulbs, as well as grafting new varieties to root stocks.
    • Maintains crop production by cultivating, de-budding and pruning, as well as maintaining optimal growing conditions.
    • Conducts farming operations, such as collecting, storing, grading and packaging produce, and organising the sale, purchase and dispatch of produce.
    • Oversees general farming activities such as fertilising and the control of pests and weeds.
    • Maintains farm buildings, fences, equipment and water supply systems.
    • Maintains and evaluates records of farming activities, monitoring market activity, and planning crop preparation and production to meet contract requirements and market demand.
    • Manages business capital including budgeting, taxation, debt and loan management.
    • Selects, trains and supervises staff and contractors.

    All Crop Farmers

    • $1,788 Weekly Pay
    • Stable Future Growth
    • Lower unemployment Unemployment

    Mixed Crop Farmers

    • 2,100 workers Employment Size
    • Very high skill Skill level rating
    • 79% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 54 hours Average full-time
    • 51 years Average age
    • 26% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Mixed Crop Farmers (in their main job) fell over 5 years:
    from 2,300 in 2011 to 2,100 in 2016.

    • Size: This is a very small occupation.
    • Location: Mixed Crop Farmers work in many parts of Australia. Queensland and South Australia have a large share of workers.
    • Industries: Most work in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing industry.
    • Full-time: Many work full-time (79%, higher than the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 54 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 51 years (compared to the average of 40 years). Many workers are 45 years or older (65%).
    • Gender: 26% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing94.4
    Retail Trade2.1
    Wholesale Trade1.2
    Manufacturing1.0
    Other Industries1.3

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateMixed Crop FarmersAll Jobs Average
    NSW26.131.6
    VIC14.125.6
    QLD32.520.0
    SA13.57.0
    WA10.810.8
    TAS1.62.0
    NT1.21.0
    ACT0.01.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketMixed Crop FarmersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-190.8-5.05.0
    20-242.4-9.39.3
    25-3413.7-22.922.9
    35-4418.5-22.022.0
    45-5423.5-21.621.6
    55-5914.0-9.09.0
    60-6411.2-6.06.0
    65 and Over15.9-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationMixed Crop FarmersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate1.6-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree11.7-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma9.2-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV15.6-21.121.1
    Year 1218.8-18.118.1
    Year 117.6-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below35.5-12.512.5

    You can work as a Mixed Crop Farmer without formal qualifications, however, crop production experience is generally needed. Training may also be available through VET (Vocational Education and Training).

    Membership with the National Farmers' Federation may be useful.

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation & Land Management VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    Useful links and resources


    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Crop Farmers who can communicate and connect well with others and who are reliable.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Food production

      70% Skill level

      Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.

    2. Administration and management

      70% Skill level

      Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

    3. Production and processing

      69% Skill level

      Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

    4. Mathematics

      68% Skill level

      Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

    5. Economics and accounting

      65% Skill level

      Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Unstructured work

      99% Important

      Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.

    2. Outdoors, exposed to weather

      98% Important

      Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.

    3. Face-to-face discussions

      96% Important

      Talk with people face-to-face.

    4. Freedom to make decisions

      96% Important

      Have freedom to make decision on your own.

    5. In an enclosed vehicle or equipment

      94% Important

      Work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car).

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers.

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