Civil Engineering Professionals design, plan, organise and oversee the construction of civil engineering projects such as dams, bridges, pipelines, gas and water supply schemes, sewerage systems, roads, airports and other structures; analyse the likely behaviour of soil and rock when placed under pressure by proposed structures and design structural foundations; analyse the statical properties of all types of structures and test the behaviour and durability of materials used in their construction; plan and develop transportation systems; and estimate and monitor the construction costs of projects.

    A bachelor degree in a related field is needed to work as a Civil Engineering Professional. Many Civil Engineering Professionals complete postgraduate studies.

    Tasks

    • determining construction methods, materials and quality standards, and drafting and interpreting specifications, drawings, plans, construction methods and procedures
    • organising and directing site labour and the delivery of construction materials, plant and equipment, and establishing detailed programs for the coordination of site activities
    • obtaining soil and rock samples at different depths across sites and testing samples to determine strength, compressibility and other factors that affect the behaviour of soil and rock when a structure is imposed and determining the safe loading for the soil
    • studying architectural and engineering drawings and specifications to estimate total costs, and preparing detailed cost plans and estimates as tools to assist in budgetary control
    • monitoring changes to designs, assessing effects on cost, and measuring, valuing and negotiating variations to designs
    • analysing structural systems for both static and dynamic loads
    • designing structures to ensure they do not collapse, bend, twist or vibrate in undesirable ways
    • assessing present and future travel flow patterns taking into account population increase and needs change
    • designing the physical aspects of transportation systems such as highways, railroads, urban transit, air transportation, logistical supply systems and their terminals

    More about Civil Engineering Professionals

    All Civil Engineering Professionals

    All Civil Engineering Professionals

    • $1,962 Weekly Pay
    • Strong Future Growth
    • Lower unemployment Unemployment
    • 53,300 workers Employment Size
    • Very high skill Skill level rating
    • 90% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 46 hours Average full-time
    • 36 years Average age
    • 12% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Civil Engineering Professionals (in their main job) grew very strongly over the past 5 years and is expected to grow strongly over the next 5 years:
    from 53,300 in 2018 to 60,500 by 2023.
    Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
    There are likely to be around 28,000 job openings over 5 years (that's about 5,600 a year).

    • Size: This is a very large occupation.
    • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2018.
    • Location: Civil Engineering Professionals work in many regions of Australia.
    • Industries: Most work in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services; Construction; and Public Administration and Safety.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $1,962 per week (higher than the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Most work full-time (90%, much higher than the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 46 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 36 years (compared to the average of 40 years).
    • Gender: 12% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    Employers found it hard to fill vacancies for Civil Engineering Professionals in 2018. Find out more in the Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business latest report on Civil Engineering Professionals.

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200834800
    200935300
    201042700
    201148100
    201243200
    201341700
    201439100
    201546400
    201642700
    201753400
    201853300
    202360500

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsCivil Engineering ProfessionalsAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings19621460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Professional, Scientific and Technical Services42.9
    Construction27.5
    Public Administration and Safety13.4
    Transport, Postal and Warehousing4.3
    Other Industries11.9

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateCivil Engineering ProfessionalsAll Jobs Average
    NSW33.231.6
    VIC24.025.6
    QLD22.220.0
    SA4.87.0
    WA12.310.8
    TAS1.22.0
    NT1.11.0
    ACT1.31.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketCivil Engineering ProfessionalsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-190.3-5.05.0
    20-249.1-9.39.3
    25-3436.4-22.922.9
    35-4424.1-22.022.0
    45-5415.0-21.621.6
    55-596.0-9.09.0
    60-645.0-6.06.0
    65 and Over4.2-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS, ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationCivil Engineering ProfessionalsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate20.9-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree64.7-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma5.8-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV2.8-21.121.1
    Year 125.0-18.118.1
    Year 110.2-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below0.5-12.512.5

    A bachelor degree in a related field is needed to work as a Civil Engineering Professional. Many Civil Engineering Professionals complete postgraduate studies.

    Registration may be compulsory in some states and territories. In addition, Engineers Australia has a non-compulsory National Engineering Register.

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Search and compare thousands of higher education courses, and their entry requirements from different institutions across Australia at Course Seeker website.
    • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Resources and Infrastructure Industry VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    Useful links and resources


    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Civil Engineering Professionals who have a positive and enthusiastic attitude and connect well with others.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Engineering and Technology

      90% Skill level

      The use engineering science and technology to design and produce goods and services.

    2. Building and Construction

      84% Skill level

      Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.

    3. Design

      81% Skill level

      Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

    4. Mathematics

      75% Skill level

      Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

    5. Administration and Management

      72% Skill level

      Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 17-2051.00 - Civil Engineers.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Electronic Mail

      98% Important

      How often do you use electronic mail?

    2. Telephone

      96% Important

      How often do you talk on the telephone?

    3. Face-to-Face Discussions

      93% Important

      How often do you talk with people face-to-face?

    4. Being Exact or Accurate

      84% Important

      How important is being very exact or highly accurate?

    5. Contact With Others

      82% Important

      How much do you have contact with people (face-to-face, by telephone, or any other way)?

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 17-2051.00 - Civil Engineers.

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