Civil Engineers plan, design, organise and oversee the construction and operation of dams, bridges, pipelines, gas and water supply schemes, sewerage systems, airports and other civil engineering projects.

Specialisations: Airfield Engineer Officer (Air Force), Hydraulics Engineer.

A bachelor degree in civil engineering is needed to work as a Civil Engineer. Some Civil Engineers complete postgraduate studies.

Tasks

  • Determines construction methods, materials and quality standards, and drafts and interprets specifications, drawings, plans, construction methods and procedures.
  • Organises and directs site labour and the delivery of construction materials, plant and equipment, and establishes detailed programs for the co-ordination of site activities.
  • Studies architectural and engineering drawings and specifications to estimate total costs, and prepare detailed cost plans and estimates as tools to assist in budgetary control.
  • Monitors changes to designs, assesses effects on cost, and measures, values and negotiates variations to designs.
  • Analyses structural systems for both static and dynamic loads.
  • Designs structures to ensure they do not collapse, bend, twist or vibrate in undesirable ways.
  • Assesses present and future travel flow patterns taking into account population increases and needs changes.
  • Designs the physical aspects of transportation systems such as highways, railroads, urban transit, air transportation, logistical supply systems and their terminals.

All Civil Engineering Professionals

  • $1,962 Weekly Pay
  • Strong Future Growth
  • Lower unemployment Unemployment

Civil Engineers

  • 21,300 workers Employment Size
  • Very high skill Skill level rating
  • 91% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 46 hours Average full-time
  • 35 years Average age
  • 12% female Gender Share

The number of people working as Civil Engineers (in their main job) grew strongly over 5 years:
from 19,600 in 2011 to 21,300 in 2016.

  • Size: This is a medium sized occupation.
  • Location: Civil Engineers work in many regions of Australia.
  • Industries: Most work in Construction; Professional, Scientific and Technical Services; and Public Administration and Safety.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (91%, much higher than the average of 66%).
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 46 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 35 years (compared to the average of 40 years).
  • Gender: 12% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

Employers found it hard to fill vacancies for Civil Engineering Professionals in 2018. Find out more in the Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business latest report on Civil Engineering Professionals.

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Construction35.6
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services32.9
Public Administration and Safety15.6
Electricity, Gas, Water and Waste Services6.3
Other Industries9.6

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateCivil EngineersAll Jobs Average
NSW33.731.6
VIC23.225.6
QLD23.220.0
SA4.67.0
WA11.410.8
TAS1.42.0
NT1.21.0
ACT1.41.9

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketCivil EngineersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.2-5.05.0
20-2410.0-9.39.3
25-3438.1-22.922.9
35-4423.3-22.022.0
45-5414.5-21.621.6
55-595.5-9.09.0
60-644.7-6.06.0
65 and Over3.6-4.24.2

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationCivil EngineersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate19.7-10.110.1
Bachelor degree66.7-21.821.8
Advanced Diploma/Diploma5.6-11.611.6
Certificate III/IV2.3-21.121.1
Year 125.2-18.118.1
Year 110.2-4.84.8
Year 10 and below0.3-12.512.5

A bachelor degree in civil engineering is needed to work as a Civil Engineer. Some Civil Engineers complete postgraduate studies.

Registration may be compulsory in some states and territories. In addition, Engineers Australia has a non-compulsory National Engineering Register.

Thinking about study or training?

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Search and compare thousands of higher education courses, and their entry requirements from different institutions across Australia at Course Seeker website.
  • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.

Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

Useful links and resources


The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Civil Engineering Professionals who have a positive and enthusiastic attitude and connect well with others.

Filter Skills & Knowledge

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Engineering and Technology

    90% Skill level

    The use engineering science and technology to design and produce goods and services.

  2. Building and Construction

    84% Skill level

    Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.

  3. Design

    81% Skill level

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  4. Mathematics

    75% Skill level

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  5. Administration and Management

    72% Skill level

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 17-2051.00 - Civil Engineers.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Filter Work Environment

Demands

The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

  1. Electronic Mail

    98% Important

    How often do you use electronic mail?

  2. Telephone

    96% Important

    How often do you talk on the telephone?

  3. Face-to-Face Discussions

    93% Important

    How often do you talk with people face-to-face?

  4. Being Exact or Accurate

    84% Important

    How important is being very exact or highly accurate?

  5. Contact With Others

    82% Important

    How much do you have contact with people (face-to-face, by telephone, or any other way)?

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 17-2051.00 - Civil Engineers.

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