Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers cut, shape, join and repair metal components of iron and steel structures, boilers, pressure vessels and pipes, ships and other vessels.

    Either extensive experience or a certificate III in engineering - fabrication trade is needed to work as a Structural Steel or Welding Trades Worker.

    Tasks

    • studying blueprints, drawings and specifications to determine job requirements
    • selecting, cleaning and preparing metal stock
    • cutting marked-out metal sections and shapes using hand tools, flame cutting torches and metal cutting machines
    • shaping and bending metal sections and pipes using hand and machine tools, and by heating and hammering
    • aligning parts to be joined using hand tools and measuring instruments
    • joining metal sections using various welding techniques, bolting and riveting
    • examining welds for width of bead, penetration and precision
    • finishing products by cleaning, polishing, filing and bathing in acidic solutions
    • cleaning and smoothing welds by filing, chiselling and grinding

    More about Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers

    All Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers

    All Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers

    • $1,541 Weekly Pay
    • Moderate Future Growth
    • Lower unemployment Unemployment
    • 78,900 workers Employment Size
    • Medium skill Skill level rating
    • 91% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 46 hours Average full-time
    • 38 years Average age
    • 1% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers (in their main job) grew moderately the past 5 years and is expected to grow over the next 5 years:
    from 78,900 in 2018 to 82,700 by 2023.
    Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
    There are likely to be around 47,000 job openings over 5 years (that's about 9,400 a year).

    • Size: This is a very large occupation.
    • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2018.
    • Location: Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers work in many parts of Australia. Western Australia has a large share of workers.
    • Industries: Most work in Manufacturing; Construction; and Mining.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $1,541 per week (similar to the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Most work full-time (91%, much higher than the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 46 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 38 years (compared to the average of 40 years).
    • Gender: 1% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    The Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business talks with employers who have tried to fill vacancies. Find out more in the latest report on Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers.

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200881300
    200972300
    201075600
    201174000
    201283000
    201375600
    201475300
    201574000
    201669500
    201776400
    201878900
    202382700

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsStructural Steel and Welding Trades WorkersAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings15411460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Manufacturing54.8
    Construction19.7
    Mining7.8
    Other Services3.8
    Other Industries13.9

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateStructural Steel and Welding Trades WorkersAll Jobs Average
    NSW24.031.6
    VIC21.025.6
    QLD23.520.0
    SA7.67.0
    WA19.210.8
    TAS2.72.0
    NT1.71.0
    ACT0.41.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketStructural Steel and Welding Trades WorkersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-194.3-5.05.0
    20-2411.7-9.39.3
    25-3425.5-22.922.9
    35-4423.3-22.022.0
    45-5420.9-21.621.6
    55-597.4-9.09.0
    60-644.6-6.06.0
    65 and Over2.3-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationStructural Steel and Welding Trades WorkersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate0.2-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree1.7-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma3.1-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV73.2-21.121.1
    Year 128.3-18.118.1
    Year 113.5-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below10.1-12.512.5

    Either extensive experience or a certificate III in engineering - fabrication trade is needed to work as a Structural Steel or Welding Trades Worker.

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Manufacturing and Metal and Engineering VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    Useful links and resources


    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers who are reliable, work well in a team and who have good people skills.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Building and construction

      71% Skill level

      Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.

    2. Mechanical

      67% Skill level

      Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    3. Mathematics

      63% Skill level

      Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

    4. Technical design

      61% Skill level

      Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

    5. Production and processing

      48% Skill level

      Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2011.00 - Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Wear common protective or safety equipment

      98% Important

      Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.

    2. Using your hands to handle, control, or feel

      94% Important

      Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.

    3. Exposure to contaminants

      93% Important

      Be exposed to pollutants, gases, dust or odours.

    4. Loud or uncomfortable sounds

      93% Important

      Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.

    5. Spend time standing

      88% Important

      Spend time standing at work.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2011.00 - Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters.

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