Gardeners plant, cultivate, maintain, plan and construct parks, gardens and landscapes, and inspect, diagnose and treat trees and shrubs.

    You can work as a Gardener without formal qualifications, however, they may be useful. A course in horticulture, landscaping or arboriculture might be helpful.

    Tasks

    • preparing and maintaining seedbeds and growing sites
    • propagating and planting trees, bushes, hedges, flowers and bulbs
    • preparing lawn areas by spreading top soil and planting grass, and by laying instant turf
    • maintaining planted and grassed areas by weeding, trimming, fertilising, watering and mowing
    • pruning trees and hedges, and installing plant support and protection devices
    • preparing plans and drawings, selecting materials and plants, and scheduling landscape construction
    • setting out and installing hardscape and softscape structures
    • constructing gravel and paved areas, walls, fences, pergolas, ponds, barbecues and garden furniture
    • examining trees to assess their condition and determine treatment
    • lopping limbs off trees and shaping branches using chain and handsaws
    • spraying and dusting plants and trees to control insects and disease, and felling diseased trees

    More about Gardeners

    All Gardeners

    All Gardeners

    • $1,078 Weekly Pay
    • Moderate Future Growth
    • Unavailable Unemployment
    • 67,600 workers Employment Size
    • Medium skill Skill level rating
    • 63% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 43 hours Average full-time
    • 41 years Average age
    • 11% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Gardeners (in their main job) fell over 5 years:
    from 70,400 in 2014 to 67,600 in 2019.

    Caution: The Australian jobs market is changing in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. These estimates do not take account of the impact of COVID-19. They may not reflect the current jobs market and should be used and interpreted with extreme caution.

    • Size: This is a very large occupation.
    • Location: Gardeners work in many regions of Australia.
    • Industries: Most work in Administrative and Support Services; Construction; and Public Administration and Safety.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $1,078 per week (below the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Many work full-time (63%, similar to the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 43 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 41 years (compared to the average of 40 years).
    • Gender: 11% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Caution: The 2019 employment projections do not take account of any impact caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and are therefore no longer reflective of current labour market conditions. As such, they should be used, and interpreted, with extreme caution. Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, National Skills Commission trend data to May 2019 and projections to 2024.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200948100
    201059600
    201168700
    201268200
    201366700
    201470400
    201562100
    201669900
    201770300
    201875100
    201967600
    202471800

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsGardenersAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings10781460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Administrative and Support Services36.1
    Construction33.7
    Public Administration and Safety8.1
    Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing4.3
    Other Industries17.8

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateGardenersAll Jobs Average
    NSW28.631.6
    VIC27.425.6
    QLD18.320.0
    SA8.27.0
    WA12.510.8
    TAS2.32.0
    NT0.91.0
    ACT1.81.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketGardenersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-193.8-5.05.0
    20-2410.2-9.39.3
    25-3421.2-22.922.9
    35-4422.0-22.022.0
    45-5422.0-21.621.6
    55-599.2-9.09.0
    60-646.7-6.06.0
    65 and Over5.0-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationGardenersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate1.3-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree6.2-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma10.5-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV40.6-21.121.1
    Year 1217.5-18.118.1
    Year 116.4-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below17.5-12.512.5

    You can work as a Gardener without formal qualifications, however, they may be useful. A course in horticulture, landscaping or arboriculture might be helpful.

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation & Land Management VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    Useful links and resources


    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Gardeners who are reliable, work well in a team and have a strong work ethic.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Chemistry

      42% Skill level

      Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.

    2. Customer and personal service

      41% Skill level

      Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

    3. Mechanical

      39% Skill level

      Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    4. Mathematics

      39% Skill level

      Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

    5. Biology

      38% Skill level

      Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 37-3011.00 - Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Outdoors, exposed to weather

      100% Important

      Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.

    2. Loud or uncomfortable sounds

      95% Important

      Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.

    3. Very hot or cold temperatures

      95% Important

      Work in very hot or cold temperatures.

    4. Wear common protective or safety equipment

      91% Important

      Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.

    5. Dangerous equipment

      89% Important

      Work near dangerous equipment like saws, machinery with open moving parts, or moving traffic.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 37-3011.00 - Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers.

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