Gardeners plant, cultivate, maintain, plan and construct parks, gardens and landscapes, and inspect, diagnose and treat trees and shrubs.

    You can work as a Gardener without formal qualifications, however, they may be useful. A course in horticulture, landscaping or arboriculture might be helpful.

    Tasks

    • preparing and maintaining seedbeds and growing sites
    • propagating and planting trees, bushes, hedges, flowers and bulbs
    • preparing lawn areas by spreading top soil and planting grass, and by laying instant turf
    • maintaining planted and grassed areas by weeding, trimming, fertilising, watering and mowing
    • pruning trees and hedges, and installing plant support and protection devices
    • preparing plans and drawings, selecting materials and plants, and scheduling landscape construction
    • setting out and installing hardscape and softscape structures
    • constructing gravel and paved areas, walls, fences, pergolas, ponds, barbecues and garden furniture
    • examining trees to assess their condition and determine treatment
    • lopping limbs off trees and shaping branches using chain and handsaws
    • spraying and dusting plants and trees to control insects and disease, and felling diseased trees

    More about Gardeners

    All Gardeners

    All Gardeners

    • $1,078 Weekly Pay
    • Strong Future Growth
    • Average unemployment Unemployment
    • 77,900 workers Employment Size
    • Medium skill Skill level rating
    • 63% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 43 hours Average full-time
    • 41 years Average age
    • 11% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Gardeners (in their main job) grew very strongly over the past 5 years and is expected to grow strongly over the next 5 years:
    from 77,900 in 2018 to 88,800 by 2023.
    Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
    There are likely to be around 56,000 job openings over 5 years (that's about 11,200 a year).

    • Size: This is a very large occupation.
    • Unemployment: Unemployment was average in 2018.
    • Location: Gardeners work in many regions of Australia.
    • Industries: Most work in Administrative and Support Services; Construction; and Public Administration and Safety.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $1,078 per week (below the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Many work full-time (63%, similar to the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 43 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 41 years (compared to the average of 40 years).
    • Gender: 11% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    Employers found it hard to fill vacancies for Arborists in 2018. Find out more in the Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business latest report on Arborists.

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200861000
    200948100
    201059600
    201168700
    201268200
    201366800
    201470500
    201562800
    201670000
    201770300
    201877900
    202388800

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsGardenersAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings10781460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Administrative and Support Services36.1
    Construction33.7
    Public Administration and Safety8.1
    Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing4.3
    Other Industries17.8

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateGardenersAll Jobs Average
    NSW28.631.6
    VIC27.425.6
    QLD18.320.0
    SA8.27.0
    WA12.510.8
    TAS2.32.0
    NT0.91.0
    ACT1.81.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketGardenersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-193.8-5.05.0
    20-2410.2-9.39.3
    25-3421.2-22.922.9
    35-4422.0-22.022.0
    45-5422.0-21.621.6
    55-599.2-9.09.0
    60-646.7-6.06.0
    65 and Over5.0-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationGardenersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate1.3-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree6.2-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma10.5-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV40.6-21.121.1
    Year 1217.5-18.118.1
    Year 116.4-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below17.5-12.512.5

    You can work as a Gardener without formal qualifications, however, they may be useful. A course in horticulture, landscaping or arboriculture might be helpful.

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation & Land Management VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    Useful links and resources


    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Gardeners who are reliable, work well in a team and have a strong work ethic.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Chemistry

      42% Skill level

      Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.

    2. Customer and Personal Service

      41% Skill level

      Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

    3. Mechanical

      39% Skill level

      Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    4. Mathematics

      39% Skill level

      Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

    5. Biology

      38% Skill level

      Plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, how they rely on and work with each other and the environment.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 37-3011.00 - Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Outdoors, Exposed to Weather

      100% Important

      How often do you work outdoors, exposed to the weather?

    2. Sounds, Loud or Uncomfortable

      95% Important

      How often are you there sounds and noise levels that are distracting or uncomfortable?

    3. Very Hot or Cold Temperatures

      95% Important

      How often do you work in very hot or very cold temperatures (above 32 or below 0 degrees Celsius)?

    4. Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment

      91% Important

      How often do you wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?

    5. Exposed to Hazardous Equipment

      89% Important

      How often do you work near dangerous equipment like saws, machinery with open moving parts, or moving traffic?

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 37-3011.00 - Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers.

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