Fire and Emergency Workers attend emergencies to minimise risk to community safety and security and protect life and property.

    You can work as a Fire or Emergency Worker without formal qualifications. Some on the job training may be provided. Fire and Emergency Workers often complete a certificate III or IV.

    Tasks

    • attending the scene of fires and other emergencies reported to authorities
    • rescuing and evacuating people stranded or trapped in dangerous situations
    • operating pumps, spraying water, foam and chemicals from hoses, portable extinguishers and other appliances to extinguish fires and to disperse or neutralise dangerous substances
    • cutting openings in buildings and crashed vehicles to free occupants
    • maintaining site security systems
    • administering first aid
    • attending and participating in training activities, rescue classes, drills, demonstrations and courses in emergency and fire-fighting techniques
    • training recruits in emergency procedures and practices
    • visiting buildings and potential fire hazards to study access points and locations of hydrants
    • maintaining tools and equipment

    More about Fire and Emergency Workers

    All Fire and Emergency Workers

    All Fire and Emergency Workers

    • $2,066 Weekly Pay
    • Moderate Future Growth
    • Lower unemployment Unemployment
    • 18,400 workers Employment Size
    • Medium skill Skill level rating
    • 93% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 48 hours Average full-time
    • 44 years Average age
    • 7% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Fire and Emergency Workers (in their main job) grew very strongly over the past 5 years and is expected to grow over the next 5 years:
    from 18,400 in 2018 to 19,600 by 2023.
    Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
    There are likely to be around 2,000 job openings over 5 years (that's about 400 a year).

    • Size: This is a medium sized occupation.
    • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2018.
    • Location: Fire and Emergency Workers work in many regions of Australia.
    • Industries: Most work in Public Administration and Safety; Transport, Postal and Warehousing; and Mining.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $2,066 per week (very high compared to the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Most work full-time (93%, much higher than the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 48 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 44 years (compared to the average of 40 years).
    • Gender: 7% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200812500
    200914600
    201013600
    201118100
    201215600
    201315300
    201417000
    201518800
    201619800
    201713600
    201818400
    202319600

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsFire and Emergency WorkersAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings20661460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Public Administration and Safety85.6
    Transport, Postal and Warehousing4.6
    Mining2.8
    Construction1.6
    Other Industries5.4

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateFire and Emergency WorkersAll Jobs Average
    NSW31.031.6
    VIC24.525.6
    QLD19.520.0
    SA7.17.0
    WA11.010.8
    TAS2.72.0
    NT2.11.0
    ACT1.91.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketFire and Emergency WorkersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-190.2-5.05.0
    20-242.6-9.39.3
    25-3421.2-22.922.9
    35-4428.7-22.022.0
    45-5429.1-21.621.6
    55-5912.1-9.09.0
    60-644.5-6.06.0
    65 and Over1.5-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationFire and Emergency WorkersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate4.6-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree13.8-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma21.4-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV41.5-21.121.1
    Year 1211.6-18.118.1
    Year 112.6-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below4.5-12.512.5

    You can work as a Fire or Emergency Worker without formal qualifications. Some on the job training may be provided. Fire and Emergency Workers often complete a certificate III or IV.

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Public Safety VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Fire and Emergency Workers who have strong interpersonal skills, can communicate clearly and have strong attention to detail.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Customer and personal service

      79% Skill level

      Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

    2. Public safety and security

      67% Skill level

      Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

    3. Mechanical

      64% Skill level

      Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    4. Education and training

      59% Skill level

      Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

    5. Building and construction

      52% Skill level

      Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 33-2011.01 - Municipal Firefighters.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Wear common protective or safety equipment

      90% Important

      Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.

    2. In an enclosed vehicle or equipment

      87% Important

      Work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car).

    3. Physically close to people

      86% Important

      Work physically close to other people.

    4. Face-to-face discussions

      84% Important

      Talk with people face-to-face.

    5. Outdoors, exposed to weather

      84% Important

      Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 33-2011.01 - Municipal Firefighters.

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