Train and Tram Drivers drive trains and trams to transport passengers and freight on rail networks.

    You can work as a Train or Tram Driver without formal qualifications, however, they may be useful. Training is available through VET (Vocational Education and Training). A course in rail operations might be helpful.

    Tasks

    • stopping at stations and set locations to pick up and set down passengers and freight
    • opening and closing doors before and after passengers board or alight
    • observing signals, track conditions, nearby traffic and prescribed speeds to ensure safety
    • monitoring indicator gauges, changing controls and power supply poles and reporting operating irregularities
    • checking time and adherence to timetables
    • may advise passengers on destinations

    More about Train and Tram Drivers

    All Train and Tram Drivers

    All Train and Tram Drivers

    • $2,304 Weekly Pay
    • Moderate Future Growth
    • Lower unemployment Unemployment
    • 11,400 workers Employment Size
    • Lower skill Skill level rating
    • 93% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 45 hours Average full-time
    • 49 years Average age
    • 9% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Train and Tram Drivers (in their main job) fell over the past 5 years and is expected to grow over the next 5 years:
    from 11,400 in 2018 to 12,000 by 2023.
    Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
    There are likely to be around 4,000 job openings over 5 years (that's about 800 a year).

    • Size: This is a medium sized occupation.
    • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2018.
    • Location: Many Train and Tram Drivers work in Queensland.
    • Industries: Most work in Transport, Postal and Warehousing; Mining; and Manufacturing.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $2,304 per week (higher than the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Most work full-time (93%, much higher than the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 45 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 49 years (compared to the average of 40 years). Many workers are 45 years or older (63%).
    • Gender: 9% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200811400
    200911700
    201011000
    201114000
    201210000
    201313700
    201414400
    201512700
    201612400
    201714900
    201811400
    202312000

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsTrain and Tram DriversAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings23041460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Transport, Postal and Warehousing77.2
    Mining9.1
    Manufacturing5.4
    Financial and Insurance Services4.2
    Other Industries4.1

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateTrain and Tram DriversAll Jobs Average
    NSW29.931.6
    VIC24.225.6
    QLD26.820.0
    SA5.77.0
    WA12.510.8
    TAS0.62.0
    NT0.21.0
    ACT0.01.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketTrain and Tram DriversAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-190.2-5.05.0
    20-241.7-9.39.3
    25-3414.1-22.922.9
    35-4421.4-22.022.0
    45-5432.2-21.621.6
    55-5917.1-9.09.0
    60-649.1-6.06.0
    65 and Over4.2-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationTrain and Tram DriversAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate1.9-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree5.9-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma6.7-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV39.7-21.121.1
    Year 1217.6-18.118.1
    Year 116.8-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below21.4-12.512.5

    You can work as a Train or Tram Driver without formal qualifications, however, they may be useful. Training is available through VET (Vocational Education and Training). A course in rail operations might be helpful.

    Membership with the Australasian Railway Association may be useful.

    Checks, licences and tickets

    You may need:

    • the relevant state or territory system of safeworking course
    • driver's licence
    • national police check
    • working with vulnerable people and children check
    • first aid certificate
    • Psychometric or aptitude tests

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Transport and Logistics Training Package VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    Useful links and resources


    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Train and Tram Drivers who can interact with customers, provide good customer service and are well presented.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Transportation

      69% Skill level

      Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.

    2. Public safety and security

      55% Skill level

      Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

    3. English language

      49% Skill level

      English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    4. Education and training

      47% Skill level

      Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

    5. Mechanical

      43% Skill level

      Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 53-4011.00 - Locomotive Engineers.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Loud or uncomfortable sounds

      97% Important

      Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.

    2. Wear common protective or safety equipment

      97% Important

      Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.

    3. Face-to-face discussions

      96% Important

      Talk with people face-to-face.

    4. Health and safety of others

      96% Important

      Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.

    5. Teamwork

      95% Important

      Work with people in a group or team.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 53-4011.00 - Locomotive Engineers.

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