Crop Farm Workers perform routine tasks in producing crops such as fruit, nuts, grains, vegetables and mushrooms.

    You can work as a Crop Farm Worker without formal qualifications, however, they may be useful. A course in agriculture, production horticulture or rural operations might be helpful.

    Tasks

    • planting trees, seeds, seedlings, roots, bulbs, vines and other plants using hand tools and farm machines
    • building trellises for climbing vegetables and vines
    • operating farm machines to cultivate, fertilise, spray and harvest fruit, nuts, grains and vegetables
    • spraying trees, vines and other plants with chemicals to control weed growth, insects, fungus growth and diseases
    • thinning, weeding and hoeing row crops, and pruning trees and vines
    • irrigating land for crop growth
    • selecting and picking fruit, nuts, grains and vegetables according to size and ripeness, and discarding rotting and over-ripened produce
    • grading, sorting, bunching and packing produce into containers
    • loading filled fruit, nut, grain and vegetable containers onto trucks

    All Crop Farm Workers

    • $948 Weekly Pay
    • Moderate Future Growth
    • Higher Unemployment Unemployment
    • 25,900 workers Employment Size
    • Entry level Skill level rating
    • 61% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 43 hours Average full-time
    • 37 years Average age
    • 31% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Crop Farm Workers (in their main job) grew very strongly over the past 5 years and is expected to grow over the next 5 years:
    from 25,900 in 2018 to 27,200 by 2023.
    Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
    There are likely to be around 22,000 job openings over 5 years (that's about 4,400 a year).

    • Size: This is a large occupation.
    • Unemployment: Unemployment was above average in 2018.
    • Location: Crop Farm Workers work in many parts of Australia. Queensland and South Australia have a large share of workers.
    • Industries: Most work in Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing; Manufacturing; and Administrative and Support Services.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $948 per week (lower than the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Many work full-time (61%, similar to the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 43 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 37 years (compared to the average of 40 years).
    • Gender: 31% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200825000
    200924100
    201025400
    201124500
    201223400
    201318800
    201420600
    201520500
    201625100
    201732700.0
    201825900
    202327200

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsCrop Farm WorkersAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings9481460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing85.2
    Manufacturing7.4
    Administrative and Support Services1.9
    Wholesale Trade1.9
    Other Industries3.6

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateCrop Farm WorkersAll Jobs Average
    NSW18.131.6
    VIC17.525.6
    QLD33.220.0
    SA16.07.0
    WA10.110.8
    TAS4.72.0
    NT0.31.0
    ACT0.11.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketCrop Farm WorkersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-195.2-5.05.0
    20-2414.2-9.39.3
    25-3426.1-22.922.9
    35-4416.6-22.022.0
    45-5418.1-21.621.6
    55-598.4-9.09.0
    60-646.4-6.06.0
    65 and Over5.1-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationCrop Farm WorkersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate1.7-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree8.5-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma5.5-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV15.7-21.121.1
    Year 1226.0-18.118.1
    Year 117.6-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below34.9-12.512.5

    You can work as a Crop Farm Worker without formal qualifications, however, they may be useful. A course in agriculture, production horticulture or rural operations might be helpful.

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation & Land Management VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    Useful links and resources


    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Crop Farm Workers who are reliable, hardworking and physically fit.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Food production

      39% Skill level

      Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.

    2. Education and training

      36% Skill level

      Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

    3. Production and processing

      34% Skill level

      Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

    4. English language

      31% Skill level

      English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    5. Mechanical

      26% Skill level

      Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 45-2092.02 - Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Outdoors, exposed to weather

      99% Important

      Work outdoors, exposed to the weather.

    2. Using your hands to handle, control, or feel

      92% Important

      Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.

    3. Exposure to contaminants

      90% Important

      Be exposed to pollutants, gases, dust or odours.

    4. Face-to-face discussions

      89% Important

      Talk with people face-to-face.

    5. Pace of work set by equipment

      85% Important

      Pace of work depends on the speed of equipment or machinery.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 45-2092.02 - Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop.

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