Civil Engineers plan, design, organise and oversee the construction and operation of dams, bridges, pipelines, gas and water supply schemes, sewerage systems, airports and other civil engineering projects.
Specialisations: Airfield Engineer Officer (Air Force), Hydraulics Engineer.
A bachelor degree in civil engineering is needed to work as a Civil Engineer. Some Civil Engineers complete postgraduate studies.
- Determines construction methods, materials and quality standards, and drafts and interprets specifications, drawings, plans, construction methods and procedures.
- Organises and directs site labour and the delivery of construction materials, plant and equipment, and establishes detailed programs for the co-ordination of site activities.
- Studies architectural and engineering drawings and specifications to estimate total costs, and prepare detailed cost plans and estimates as tools to assist in budgetary control.
- Monitors changes to designs, assesses effects on cost, and measures, values and negotiates variations to designs.
- Analyses structural systems for both static and dynamic loads.
- Designs structures to ensure they do not collapse, bend, twist or vibrate in undesirable ways.
- Assesses present and future travel flow patterns taking into account population increases and needs changes.
- Designs the physical aspects of transportation systems such as highways, railroads, urban transit, air transportation, logistical supply systems and their terminals.
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