Geologists study the composition, structure and other physical attributes of the earth to increase scientific knowledge and to develop practical applications in fields such as mineral exploitation, civil engineering, environmental protection and rehabilitation of land after mining.
Specialisations: Marine Geologist, Palaeontologist.
Earnings are median for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate, before tax, including amounts salary sacrificed. These figures are a guide only and should not be used to determine a wage rate.
Source: ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), Customised Report.
The Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business estimates the likely change in number of workers over the next 5 years. Future growth is the likely percentage change, compared to all other occupations. Possible ratings are
A lower unemployment rate shows people who work in this job are less likely to be out of work than people who work in other jobs.
Employment size is the number of workers who do this as their main job.
Sources: ABS Labour Force Survey (custom trend) for 4-digit occupations (e.g., ANZSCO ID 1112) and 2016 Census for 6-digit occupations (e.g., ANZSCO ID 111211). As the figures come from different sources, the 6-digit figures may not sum to match the 4-digit totals.
Skill level ratings are based on the range and complexity of job tasks. In general, the higher the skill level, the more formal education and training, previous experience or on-the-job training needed to be good at the job. Entry level jobs often need no prior training or experience. Possible ratings are
Full-time workers usually work 35 hours or more a week (in all their jobs combined).
Average full-time hours is the actual hours worked in this job per week, by people who work full-time hours in all of their jobs combined.
This is the average age of all workers in this job. See the Prospects page for the full age profile.
The number of people working as Geologists (in their main job) fell over 5 years:from 7,500 in 2011 to 5,100 in 2016.
The Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business talks with employers who have tried to fill vacancies. Find out more in the latest report on Geologists and Geophysicists.
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A bachelor degree in science majoring in geology or a related field is needed to work as a Geologist. Many Geologists complete postgraduate studies.
Membership with the Geological Society of Australia may be useful.
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Employers look for Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong interpersonal skills.
These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.
Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.
Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.
Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.
The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.
English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Skills can be improved through training or experience.
Reading work related information.
Writing things for co-workers or customers.
Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Talking to others.
Workers use these physical and mental abilities.
Listen to and understand what people say.
Read and understand written information.
Communicate by speaking.
Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.
Write in a way that people can understand.
These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.
Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.
Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.
Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.
Helping people to understand and use information.
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 19-2042.00 - Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers.
Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.
The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.
Use electronic mail.
Talk with people face-to-face.
Talk on the telephone.
Have freedom to make decision on your own.
Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.
Work values are important to a person’s feeling of satisfaction. All six values are shown below.
Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.
Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.
Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.
Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.
Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.
Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.
Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.
Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.
Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.
Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.
Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.
Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.