Crop Farmers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations to grow crops.

    You can work as a Crop Farmer without formal qualifications, however, relevant crop farming experience is generally needed. Training may also be available through VET (Vocational Education and Training).

    Tasks

    • planning and coordinating the production and marketing of crops, such as grain, cotton, sugar cane, fruit and nuts, vegetables, turf and flowers, from soil preparation to harvest taking into account environmental and market factors
    • selecting and planting seeds, seedlings and bulbs, and grafting new varieties to root stocks
    • maintaining crop production by cultivating, de-budding and pruning, and maintaining optimal growing conditions
    • organising and conducting farming operations, such as collecting, storing, grading and packaging produce, and organising the sale, purchase and despatch of produce
    • directing and overseeing general farming activities such as fertilising and pest and weed control
    • maintaining farm buildings, fences, equipment and water supply systems
    • maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity, and planning crop preparation and production to meet contract requirements and market demand
    • managing business capital including budgeting, taxation, debt and loan management
    • may select, train and supervise staff and contractors

    All Crop Farmers

    • $1,788 Weekly Pay
    • Stable Future Growth
    • Lower unemployment Unemployment
    • 41,100 workers Employment Size
    • Very high skill Skill level rating
    • 78% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 52 hours Average full-time
    • 52 years Average age
    • 25% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Crop Farmers (in their main job) fell over the past 5 years and is expected to stay about the same over the next 5 years:
    from 41,100 in 2018 to 41,400 by 2023.
    Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
    There are likely to be less than 1,000 job openings over 5 years.

    • Size: This is a large occupation.
    • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2018.
    • Location: Crop Farmers work in many parts of Australia. Queensland and South Australia have a large share of workers.
    • Industries: Most work in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing industry.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $1,788 per week (higher than the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Many work full-time (78%, higher than the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 52 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 52 years (compared to the average of 40 years). Many workers are 45 years or older (67%).
    • Gender: 25% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200846600
    200948600
    201049300
    201142000
    201244000
    201344800
    201448300
    201534500
    201639100
    201740100
    201841100
    202341400

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsCrop FarmersAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings17881460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing92.4
    Manufacturing3.3
    Wholesale Trade1.4
    Retail Trade0.9
    Other Industries2.0

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateCrop FarmersAll Jobs Average
    NSW23.131.6
    VIC20.125.6
    QLD25.720.0
    SA15.57.0
    WA12.510.8
    TAS2.32.0
    NT0.61.0
    ACT0.11.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketCrop FarmersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-190.8-5.05.0
    20-243.0-9.39.3
    25-3411.8-22.922.9
    35-4417.8-22.022.0
    45-5423.9-21.621.6
    55-5912.7-9.09.0
    60-6411.3-6.06.0
    65 and Over18.7-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationCrop FarmersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate2.4-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree9.9-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma9.2-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV18.5-21.121.1
    Year 1218.7-18.118.1
    Year 118.0-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below33.2-12.512.5

    You can work as a Crop Farmer without formal qualifications, however, relevant crop farming experience is generally needed. Training may also be available through VET (Vocational Education and Training).

    Membership with the National Farmers' Federation may be useful.

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation & Land Management VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Crop Farmers who can communicate and connect well with others and who are reliable.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Food Production

      70% Skill level

      Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.

    2. Administration and Management

      70% Skill level

      Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

    3. Production and Processing

      69% Skill level

      Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

    4. Mathematics

      68% Skill level

      Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

    5. Economics and Accounting

      65% Skill level

      Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Structured versus Unstructured Work

      99% Important

      How much freedom do you have to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals?

    2. Outdoors, Exposed to Weather

      98% Important

      How often do you work outdoors, exposed to the weather?

    3. Face-to-Face Discussions

      96% Important

      How often do you talk with people face-to-face?

    4. Freedom to Make Decisions

      96% Important

      How much freedom do you have to make decision on your own?

    5. In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment

      94% Important

      How often do you work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car)?

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers.

    go to top