Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers plan, organise, control, coordinate and perform farming operations to both grow crops and to breed and raise livestock.

Also known as: Farmer and Grazier.

Specialisations: Cattle and Wheat Farmer, Sheep and Wheat Farmer.

You can work as a Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmer without formal qualifications, however, livestock farming experience is generally needed. Training may also be available through VET (Vocational Education and Training).

Tasks

  • planning and coordinating the production and marketing of crops and livestock
  • breeding and raising livestock for the production of meat, wool, skins, milk or eggs, and growing grain, seed crops, vegetables, fruit or nuts
  • monitoring and maintaining the health and condition of livestock
  • providing pastures and fodder to maintain appropriate nutritional levels
  • selecting and purchasing seed for planting, planning and implementing breeding programs
  • directing and overseeing general farming activities such as fertilising, and pest and weed control
  • maintaining farm buildings, fences, equipment and water supply systems
  • organising the sale, purchase and transportation of livestock and produce
  • maintaining and evaluating records of farming activities, monitoring market activity and planning production accordingly
  • managing business capital, monitoring market activity and planning production accordingly
  • may select, train and supervise staff and contractors

All Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers

  • Unavailable Weekly Pay
  • Decline Future Growth
  • Lower unemployment Unemployment
  • 30,200 workers Employment Size
  • Very high skill Skill level rating
  • 84% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 56 hours Average full-time
  • 55 years Average age
  • 25% female Gender Share

The number of people working as Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers (in their main job) grew very strongly over the past 5 years and is expected to fall over the next 5 years:
from 30,200 in 2018 to 29,200 by 2023.
Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
There are likely to be less than 1,000 job openings over 5 years.

  • Size: This is a large occupation.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2018.
  • Location: Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers work in many parts of Australia. Western Australia and South Australia have a large share of workers.
  • Industries: Most work in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing industry.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (84%, much higher than the average of 66%).
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 56 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 55 years (compared to the average of 40 years). Many workers are 45 years or older (73%).
  • Gender: 25% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
YearNumber of Workers
200832300.0
200938300
201037300
201130400
201231200
201324100
201427400
201527000
201623300
201725000
201830200
202329200

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing98.5
Manufacturing0.3
Wholesale Trade0.3
Transport, Postal and Warehousing0.1
Other Industries0.8

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateMixed Crop and Livestock FarmersAll Jobs Average
NSW33.331.6
VIC18.125.6
QLD10.620.0
SA16.57.0
WA19.310.8
TAS2.22.0
NT0.11.0
ACT0.01.9

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketMixed Crop and Livestock FarmersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.6-5.05.0
20-241.7-9.39.3
25-349.4-22.922.9
35-4415.2-22.022.0
45-5422.5-21.621.6
55-5913.4-9.09.0
60-6412.7-6.06.0
65 and Over24.5-4.24.2

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS, ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationMixed Crop and Livestock FarmersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate1.8-10.110.1
Bachelor degree9.6-21.821.8
Advanced Diploma/Diploma10.7-11.611.6
Certificate III/IV19.3-21.121.1
Year 1219.5-18.118.1
Year 119.4-4.84.8
Year 10 and below29.7-12.512.5

You can work as a Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmer without formal qualifications, however, livestock farming experience is generally needed. Training may also be available through VET (Vocational Education and Training).

Membership with the National Farmers Federation may be useful.

Checks, licences and tickets

You may need:

  • driver's licence

Thinking about study or training?

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Search and compare thousands of higher education courses, and their entry requirements from different institutions across Australia at Course Seeker website.
  • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation & Land Management VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

Useful links and resources


The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmers who can communicate and connect well with others and who are reliable.

Filter Skills & Knowledge

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Food Production

    70% Skill level

    Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.

  2. Administration and Management

    70% Skill level

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

  3. Production and Processing

    69% Skill level

    Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

  4. Mathematics

    68% Skill level

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  5. Economics and Accounting

    65% Skill level

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Filter Work Environment

Demands

The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

  1. Structured versus Unstructured Work

    99% Important

    How much freedom do you have to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals?

  2. Outdoors, Exposed to Weather

    98% Important

    How often do you work outdoors, exposed to the weather?

  3. Face-to-Face Discussions

    96% Important

    How often do you talk with people face-to-face?

  4. Freedom to Make Decisions

    96% Important

    How much freedom do you have to make decision on your own?

  5. In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment

    94% Important

    How often do you work in a closed vehicle (e.g., car)?

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 11-9013.02 - Farm and Ranch Managers.

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