Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists study the composition, structure and other physical attributes of the earth, locate and advise on the extraction of minerals, petroleum and ground water, and detect, monitor and forecast seismic, magnetic, electrical, thermal and oceanographic activity. Geographers are not included here, they are included in Social Professionals.

    A bachelor degree in a related science field is needed to work as a Geologist, Geophysicist or Hydrogeologist. Many Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists complete postgraduate studies.

    Tasks

    • conducting preliminary surveys of mineral, petroleum and natural gas deposits with prospectors, Mining Engineers, Metallurgists, and other mineral scientists and engineers
    • preparing and supervising the production of laboratory reports and scientific papers
    • conducting studies of the structure, nature and formation of the earth's crust and the minerals contained in it
    • studying and dating fossils and rock strata to develop knowledge of the evolution and biology of life forms, and to assess their commercial applications
    • studying the effects of natural events, such as erosion, sedimentation, earthquakes and volcanic activity, on the formation of the earth's surface and sea beds
    • carrying out exploration to determine the resources present by sampling, examining and analysing geological specimens, rock cores, cuttings and samples using optical, chemical, electronic and mechanical techniques
    • conducting surveys of variations in the earth's gravitational and magnetic fields to determine its physical features
    • investigating the propagation of seismic waves to determine the structure and stability of the earth's mantle and crust
    • studying the causes of earthquakes and other stress states of the earth's crust
    • performing laboratory and field studies, and aerial, ground and drill hole surveys

    More about Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists

    All Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists

    All Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists

    • $2,192 Weekly Pay
    • Very strong Future Growth
    • Lower unemployment Unemployment
    • 12,100 workers Employment Size
    • Very high skill Skill level rating
    • 83% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 50 hours Average full-time
    • 40 years Average age
    • 25% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists (in their main job) fell over the past 5 years and is expected to grow very strongly over the next 5 years:
    from 12,100 in 2018 to 14,800 by 2023.
    Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
    There are likely to be around 9,000 job openings over 5 years (that's about 1,800 a year).

    • Size: This is a medium sized occupation.
    • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2018.
    • Location: Many Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists work in Western Australia.
    • Industries: Most work in Mining; Professional, Scientific and Technical Services; and Public Administration and Safety.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $2,192 per week (higher than the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Most work full-time (83%, much higher than the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 50 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 40 years (compared to the average of 40 years).
    • Gender: 25% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    The Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business talks with employers who have tried to fill vacancies. Find out more in the latest report on Geologists and Geophysicists.

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200810300
    20097500
    20108200
    20118400
    201211700
    201313100
    20149900
    20159800
    20169400
    201710300
    201812100
    202314800

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsGeologists, Geophysicists and HydrogeologistsAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings21921460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Mining56.9
    Professional, Scientific and Technical Services26.0
    Public Administration and Safety8.6
    Education and Training2.1
    Other Industries6.4

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateGeologists, Geophysicists and HydrogeologistsAll Jobs Average
    NSW12.631.6
    VIC10.325.6
    QLD17.020.0
    SA7.67.0
    WA46.710.8
    TAS2.22.0
    NT1.11.0
    ACT2.61.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketGeologists, Geophysicists and HydrogeologistsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-190.0-5.05.0
    20-243.6-9.39.3
    25-3431.9-22.922.9
    35-4426.4-22.022.0
    45-5420.6-21.621.6
    55-597.1-9.09.0
    60-645.4-6.06.0
    65 and Over4.9-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS, ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationGeologists, Geophysicists and HydrogeologistsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate41.3-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree55.2-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma1.0-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV0.4-21.121.1
    Year 121.8-18.118.1
    Year 110.0-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below0.3-12.512.5

    A bachelor degree in a related science field is needed to work as a Geologist, Geophysicist or Hydrogeologist. Many Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists complete postgraduate studies.

    Membership with the Geological Society of Australia or the Australian Society of Exploration Geophysicists may be useful.

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Search and compare thousands of higher education courses, and their entry requirements from different institutions across Australia at Course Seeker website.
    • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    Useful links and resources


    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong interpersonal skills.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Geography

      82% Skill level

      Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.

    2. Mathematics

      74% Skill level

      Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

    3. Chemistry

      70% Skill level

      Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.

    4. Physics

      70% Skill level

      The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.

    5. English Language

      70% Skill level

      English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 19-2042.00 - Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Electronic Mail

      98% Important

      How often do you use electronic mail?

    2. Face-to-Face Discussions

      92% Important

      How often do you talk with people face-to-face?

    3. Telephone

      88% Important

      How often do you talk on the telephone?

    4. Freedom to Make Decisions

      88% Important

      How much freedom do you have to make decision on your own?

    5. Structured versus Unstructured Work

      83% Important

      How much freedom do you have to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals?

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 19-2042.00 - Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers.

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