Optometrists perform eye examinations and vision tests to determine the presence of visual, ocular and other abnormalities, ocular diseases and systemic diseases with ocular manifestations, and prescribe lenses, other optical aids, therapy and medication to correct and manage vision problems and eye diseases.
A bachelor degree in vision science or a bachelor degree in medical science followed by a master in vision science is needed to work as an Optometrist. Some Optometrists complete postgraduate studies.
- Examines patients' eyes and sets tests to determine the nature and extent of vision abnormalities.
- Assesses ocular health and visual function by measuring visual acuity and refractive error, as well as testing the function of visual pathways and fields, eye movements, freedom of vision and intraocular pressure, and performs other tests.
- Detects, diagnoses and manages eye disease.
- Refers patients to, and receives referrals from other health providers, and prescribes medications for the treatment of eye disease.
- Diagnoses eye movement disorders and defects of binocular function.
- Prescribes lenses, contact lenses and low vision aids, and checks suitability.
- Prescribes exercises to co-ordinate eye movement and focusing.
- Manages programmes for eye movement disorders, and instructs patients in the use of corrective techniques and eye exercises.
- Advises on visual health matters such as contact lens care, vision care for the elderly, optics, visual ergonomics, and occupational and industrial eye safety.
- Conducts preventative screening programs.
- Conducts rehabilitation programs for the visually impaired.
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