Software Engineers design, develop, modify, document, test, implement, install and support software applications and systems.

Specialisations: Computer Applications Engineer, Database Designer, Systems Architect.

You can work as a Software Engineer without formal qualifications if you are able to demonstrate your technical competency to employers. There are also a wide range of vendor and industry certifications available that may substitute for formal qualifications and can be highly regarded by employers. However, most workers do hold a VET or university qualification.

Tasks

  • Provides advice, guidance and expertise in developing proposals and strategies for software design activities such as financial evaluation and costings for recommending software purchases and upgrades.

All Software and Applications Programmers

  • $2,003 Weekly Pay
  • Very strong Future Growth
  • Lower unemployment Unemployment

Software Engineers

  • 30,600 workers Employment Size
  • Very high skill Skill level rating
  • 92% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 42 hours Average full-time
  • 36 years Average age
  • 12% female Gender Share

The number of people working as Software Engineers (in their main job) grew very strongly over 5 years:
from 21,700 in 2011 to 30,600 in 2016.

  • Size: This is a large occupation.
  • Location: Software Engineers work in many parts of Australia. New South Wales has a large share of workers.
  • Industries: Most work in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services; Financial and Insurance Services; and Information Media and Telecommunications.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (92%, much higher than the average of 66%).
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 42 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 36 years (compared to the average of 40 years).
  • Gender: 12% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services58.2
Financial and Insurance Services10.0
Information Media and Telecommunications7.1
Manufacturing4.7
Other Industries20.0

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateSoftware EngineersAll Jobs Average
NSW41.731.6
VIC30.125.6
QLD12.420.0
SA5.17.0
WA5.910.8
TAS0.62.0
NT0.21.0
ACT4.01.9

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketSoftware EngineersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.1-5.05.0
20-243.7-9.39.3
25-3436.6-22.922.9
35-4436.8-22.022.0
45-5416.2-21.621.6
55-594.0-9.09.0
60-641.8-6.06.0
65 and Over0.8-4.24.2

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS, ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationSoftware EngineersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate28.0-10.110.1
Bachelor degree57.9-21.821.8
Advanced Diploma/Diploma4.8-11.611.6
Certificate III/IV1.6-21.121.1
Year 127.0-18.118.1
Year 110.4-4.84.8
Year 10 and below0.4-12.512.5

You can work as a Software Engineer without formal qualifications if you are able to demonstrate your technical competency to employers. There are also a wide range of vendor and industry certifications available that may substitute for formal qualifications and can be highly regarded by employers. However, most workers do hold a VET or university qualification.

Membership with information technology associations or peak bodies may be useful.

Checks, licences and tickets

You may need:

  • additional IT certifications offered by peak bodies, industry associations and vendors

Thinking about study or training?

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Search and compare thousands of higher education courses, and their entry requirements from different institutions across Australia at Course Seeker website.
  • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Information and Communications Technology VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

Useful links and resources


The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Software and Applications Programmers who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong computer skills.

Filter Skills & Knowledge

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Computers and Electronics

    90% Skill level

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  2. Engineering and Technology

    73% Skill level

    The use engineering science and technology to design and produce goods and services.

  3. Mathematics

    70% Skill level

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  4. Telecommunications

    63% Skill level

    Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

  5. English Language

    60% Skill level

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 15-1199.02 - Computer Systems Engineers/Architects.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Filter Work Environment

Demands

The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

  1. Electronic Mail

    100% Important

    How often do you use electronic mail?

  2. Indoors, Heat Controlled

    96% Important

    How often do you work indoors with access to heating or cooling?

  3. Spend Time Sitting

    95% Important

    How much time do you spend sitting?

  4. Face-to-Face Discussions

    94% Important

    How often do you talk with people face-to-face?

  5. Telephone

    93% Important

    How often do you talk on the telephone?

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 15-1199.02 - Computer Systems Engineers/Architects.

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