Carpenters construct, erect, install, renovate and repair structures and fixtures of wood, plywood, wallboard and other materials.

Specialisations: Fixing Carpenter, Formwork Carpenter, Prop and Scenery Maker.

Either extensive experience or an apprenticeship in carpentry or carpentry and joinery is needed to work as a Carpenter.

Tasks

  • Studies drawings and specifications to determine materials required, dimensions and installation procedures.
  • Order and select timbers and materials, and prepare layouts.
  • Cuts materials, and assembles and nails cut and shaped parts.
  • Erects framework and roof framing, laying sub-flooring and floorboards and verifying trueness of structures.
  • Nails fascia panels, sheaths roofs, and fits exterior wall cladding, as well as door and window frames.
  • Assembles prepared wood to form structures and fittings ready to install.
  • Cutting wood joints.
  • May construct concrete framework.
  • May repair existing fittings.
  • May work with plastic laminates, perspex and metals.

More about Carpenters and Joiners

All Carpenters and Joiners

  • $1,358 Weekly Pay
  • Moderate Future Growth
  • Lower unemployment Unemployment

Carpenters

  • 92,500 workers Employment Size
  • Medium skill Skill level rating
  • 87% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 44 hours Average full-time
  • 32 years Average age
  • 1% female Gender Share

The number of people working as Carpenters (in their main job) grew moderately over 5 years:
from 88,400 in 2011 to 92,500 in 2016.

  • Size: This is a very large occupation.
  • Location: Carpenters work in many regions of Australia.
  • Industries: Most work in the Construction industry.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (87%, much higher than the average of 66%).
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 44 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 32 years (compared to the average of 40 years). Many workers are under 25 years of age (26%).
  • Gender: 1% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

Employers found it hard to fill vacancies for Carpenters and Joiners in 2018. Find out more in the Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business latest report on Carpenters and Joiners.

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

No data is available for the selected graph for this Occupation.

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Construction91.6
Manufacturing2.4
Administrative and Support Services1.0
Public Administration and Safety0.9
Other Industries4.1

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateCarpentersAll Jobs Average
NSW31.631.6
VIC29.225.6
QLD20.920.0
SA5.17.0
WA8.910.8
TAS1.82.0
NT0.91.0
ACT1.61.9

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketCarpentersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-198.2-5.05.0
20-2417.6-9.39.3
25-3430.6-22.922.9
35-4417.5-22.022.0
45-5414.4-21.621.6
55-595.9-9.09.0
60-644.0-6.06.0
65 and Over1.9-4.24.2

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS, ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationCarpentersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate0.3-10.110.1
Bachelor degree1.9-21.821.8
Advanced Diploma/Diploma3.1-11.611.6
Certificate III/IV73.3-21.121.1
Year 1211.0-18.118.1
Year 113.5-4.84.8
Year 10 and below6.9-12.512.5

Either extensive experience or an apprenticeship in carpentry or carpentry and joinery is needed to work as a Carpenter.

Registration with the relevant state or territory board may be needed to work as a Carpenter.

Checks, licences and tickets

You may need:

  • construction induction card (white card)

Thinking about study or training?

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Construction, Plumbing and Services VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

Useful links and resources


The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Carpenters and Joiners who are hardworking, reliable and work well in a team.

Filter Skills & Knowledge

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Building and Construction

    81% Skill level

    Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.

  2. Mechanical

    66% Skill level

    Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

  3. Design

    60% Skill level

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  4. Mathematics

    58% Skill level

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  5. Education and Training

    52% Skill level

    Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2031.01 - Construction Carpenters.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Filter Work Environment

Demands

The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

  1. Face-to-Face Discussions

    97% Important

    How often do you talk with people face-to-face?

  2. Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment

    95% Important

    How often do you wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets?

  3. Work With Work Group or Team

    91% Important

    How important is it to work with others in a group or team?

  4. Spend Time Standing

    91% Important

    How much time do you spend standing?

  5. Frequency of Decision Making

    90% Important

    How often do you make decisions that affect other people?

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2031.01 - Construction Carpenters.

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