Ambulance Officers and Paramedics provide emergency health care and transport for injured, sick, infirm and aged persons to medical facilities.

    You usually need a bachelor degree in science, health science, paramedicine or equivalent course to work as an Ambulance Officer or Paramedic. VET (Vocational Education and Training) courses may be available for some Ambulance Officer specialisations (volunteer paramedics and non-emergency patient transport officer for example).

    Tasks

    • attending accidents, emergencies and requests for medical assistance
    • assessing health of patients, determining need for assistance, and assessing specialised needs and factors affecting patients' conditions
    • performing therapies and administering drugs according to protocol
    • resuscitating and defibrillating patients and operating life-support equipment
    • transporting accident victims to medical facilities
    • transporting sick and disabled persons to and from medical facilities for specialised treatment and rehabilitation
    • instructing community groups and essential service workers in first aid
    • attending public gatherings and sporting events where accidents and other health emergencies may occur
    • ensuring that ambulances are adequately maintained and stocked with medical supplies, and that equipment is in good working order
    • preparing written reports on the state of patients' injuries and treatment provided

    More about Ambulance Officers and Paramedics

    All Ambulance Officers and Paramedics

    All Ambulance Officers and Paramedics

    • $2,180 Weekly Pay
    • Very strong Future Growth
    • Lower unemployment Unemployment
    • 17,800 workers Employment Size
    • High skill Skill level rating
    • 86% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 48 hours Average full-time
    • 40 years Average age
    • 37% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Ambulance Officers and Paramedics (in their main job) grew very strongly over the past 5 years and is expected to grow very strongly over the next 5 years:
    from 17,800 in 2018 to 21,300 by 2023.
    Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
    There are likely to be around 13,000 job openings over 5 years (that's about 2,600 a year).

    • Size: This is a medium sized occupation.
    • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2018.
    • Location: Ambulance Officers and Paramedics work in many regions of Australia.
    • Industries: Most work in the Health Care and Social Assistance industry.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $2,180 per week (higher than the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Most work full-time (86%, much higher than the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 48 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 40 years (compared to the average of 40 years).
    • Gender: 37% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
    YearNumber of Workers
    20088100
    200910000
    201010700
    201111800
    201217400
    201314100
    201412600
    201514900
    201616200
    201717800
    201817800
    202321300

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsAmbulance Officers and ParamedicsAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings21801460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Health Care and Social Assistance96.5
    Public Administration and Safety1.4
    Administrative and Support Services0.7
    Mining0.6
    Other Industries0.8

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateAmbulance Officers and ParamedicsAll Jobs Average
    NSW28.231.6
    VIC29.025.6
    QLD23.420.0
    SA7.37.0
    WA7.510.8
    TAS2.42.0
    NT1.11.0
    ACT1.01.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketAmbulance Officers and ParamedicsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-190.1-5.05.0
    20-246.8-9.39.3
    25-3429.3-22.922.9
    35-4425.5-22.022.0
    45-5424.2-21.621.6
    55-598.5-9.09.0
    60-643.9-6.06.0
    65 and Over1.6-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationAmbulance Officers and ParamedicsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate7.8-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree48.3-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma31.3-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV7.1-21.121.1
    Year 123.2-18.118.1
    Year 110.7-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below1.6-12.512.5

    You usually need a bachelor degree in science, health science, paramedicine or equivalent course to work as an Ambulance Officer or Paramedic. VET (Vocational Education and Training) courses may be available for some Ambulance Officer specialisations (volunteer paramedics and non-emergency patient transport officer for example).

    You must also be registered with with the Paramedic Board of Australia.

    Checks, licences and tickets

    You may need:

    • driver's licence
    • manual drivers licence
    • national police check
    • working with children check
    • first aid certificate
    • Psychometric or aptitude tests
    • be up to date with immunisations

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Search and compare thousands of higher education courses, and their entry requirements from different institutions across Australia at Course Seeker website.
    • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Health Industry VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    Useful links and resources


    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Ambulance Officers and Paramedics who are caring, compassionate and empathetic and can communicate clearly with a diverse range of people.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Customer and Personal Service

      89% Skill level

      Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

    2. Education and Training

      74% Skill level

      Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

    3. Psychology

      71% Skill level

      Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.

    4. Medicine and Dentistry

      70% Skill level

      Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities, including preventive health-care measures.

    5. English Language

      69% Skill level

      English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 29-2041.00 - Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Impact of Decisions

      97% Important

      What results do your decisions have on other people?

    2. Physical Proximity

      97% Important

      How physically close are you to other people?

    3. Work With Work Group or Team

      97% Important

      How important is it to work with others in a group or team?

    4. Outdoors, Exposed to Weather

      96% Important

      How often do you work outdoors, exposed to the weather?

    5. Deal With External Customers

      96% Important

      How important is it to work with customers or the public?

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 29-2041.00 - Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics.

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