Carpenters and Joiners construct, erect, install, renovate and repair structures and fixtures made of wood, plywood, wallboard and other materials, and cut, shape and fit timber parts to form structures and fittings.

    Either extensive experience or an apprenticeship in carpentry or joinery is needed to work as a Carpenter and Joiner.

    Tasks

    • studying drawings and specifications to determine materials required, dimensions and installation procedures
    • ordering and selecting timbers and materials, and preparing layouts
    • cutting materials, and assembling and nailing cut and shaped parts
    • erecting framework and roof framing, laying sub-flooring and floorboards and verifying trueness of structures
    • nailing fascia panels, sheathing roofs, and fitting exterior wall cladding and door and window frames
    • assembling prepared wood to form structures and fittings ready to install
    • cutting wood joints
    • may construct concrete formwork
    • may repair existing fittings
    • may work with plastic laminates, perspex and metals

    More about Carpenters and Joiners

    All Carpenters and Joiners

    All Carpenters and Joiners

    • $1,358 Weekly Pay
    • Strong Future Growth
    • Unavailable Unemployment
    • 142,900 workers Employment Size
    • Medium skill Skill level rating
    • 87% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 44 hours Average full-time
    • 32 years Average age
    • 1% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Carpenters and Joiners (in their main job) grew strongly over 5 years:
    from 130,600 in 2014 to 142,900 in 2019.

    Caution: The Australian jobs market is changing in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. These estimates do not take account of the impact of COVID-19. They may not reflect the current jobs market and should be used and interpreted with extreme caution.

    • Size: This is a very large occupation.
    • Location: Carpenters and Joiners work in many regions of Australia.
    • Industries: Most work in Construction; Manufacturing; and Administrative and Support Services.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $1,358 per week (similar to the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Most work full-time (87%, much higher than the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 44 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 32 years (compared to the average of 40 years). Many workers are under 25 years of age (25%).
    • Gender: 1% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    Employers found it hard to fill vacancies for Carpenters and Joiners in 2018. Find out more in the Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business latest report on Carpenters and Joiners.

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Caution: The 2019 employment projections do not take account of any impact caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and are therefore no longer reflective of current labour market conditions. As such, they should be used, and interpreted, with extreme caution. Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, National Skills Commission trend data to May 2019 and projections to 2024.
    YearNumber of Workers
    2009119300
    2010112100
    2011129000
    2012112900
    2013127600
    2014130600
    2015117600
    2016124400
    2017119700
    2018136100
    2019142900
    2024159700

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings13581460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Construction87.9
    Manufacturing6.0
    Administrative and Support Services1.0
    Public Administration and Safety0.9
    Other Industries4.2

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs Average
    NSW32.431.6
    VIC28.925.6
    QLD20.520.0
    SA5.17.0
    WA8.610.8
    TAS2.22.0
    NT0.81.0
    ACT1.51.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-198.0-5.05.0
    20-2417.2-9.39.3
    25-3430.3-22.922.9
    35-4417.9-22.022.0
    45-5414.8-21.621.6
    55-595.9-9.09.0
    60-644.0-6.06.0
    65 and Over2.0-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationCarpenters and JoinersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate0.4-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree2.0-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma3.2-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV72.0-21.121.1
    Year 1210.9-18.118.1
    Year 113.1-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below8.4-12.512.5

    Either extensive experience or an apprenticeship in carpentry or joinery is needed to work as a Carpenter and Joiner.

    Registration with the relevant state or territory board may be needed to work as a Carpenter and Joiner.

    Checks, licences and tickets

    You may need:

    • construction induction card (white card)

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Construction, Plumbing and Services VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    Useful links and resources


    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Carpenters and Joiners who are hardworking, reliable and work well in a team.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Building and construction

      81% Skill level

      Materials, and methods used to construct or repair houses, buildings, or other structures like highways and roads.

    2. Mechanical

      66% Skill level

      Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    3. Technical design

      60% Skill level

      Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

    4. Mathematics

      58% Skill level

      Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

    5. Education and training

      52% Skill level

      Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2031.01 - Construction Carpenters.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Face-to-face discussions

      97% Important

      Talk with people face-to-face.

    2. Wear common protective or safety equipment

      95% Important

      Wear equipment like safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hard hats or life jackets.

    3. Teamwork

      91% Important

      Work with people in a group or team.

    4. Spend time standing

      91% Important

      Spend time standing at work.

    5. Frequent decision making

      90% Important

      Frequently make decisions that impact other people.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2031.01 - Construction Carpenters.

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