Ambulance Officers and Paramedics provide emergency health care and transport for injured, sick, infirm and aged persons to medical facilities.

An Associate Degree, Advanced Diploma or Diploma, or at least 3 years of relevant experience is usually needed, although entry to this occupation is now with a university qualification and around half of workers have this qualification. Even with a qualification, experience or on-the-job training is usually needed. Registration or licensing is required.

Tasks

  • attending accidents, emergencies and requests for medical assistance
  • assessing health of patients, determining need for assistance, and assessing specialised needs and factors affecting patients' conditions
  • performing therapies and administering drugs according to protocol
  • resuscitating and defibrillating patients and operating life-support equipment
  • transporting accident victims to medical facilities
  • transporting sick and disabled persons to and from medical facilities for specialised treatment and rehabilitation
  • instructing community groups and essential service workers in first aid
  • attending public gatherings and sporting events where accidents and other health emergencies may occur
  • ensuring that ambulances are adequately maintained and stocked with medical supplies, and that equipment is in good working order
  • preparing written reports on the state of patients' injuries and treatment provided

Job Titles

  • Ambulance Officer, or Paramedic
  • Intensive Care Ambulance Paramedic
  • Ambulance Officer, or Paramedic

    Provides specialised transport services and emergency health care for injured, sick, infirm and aged persons. Registration or licensing is required.

    Specialisations: Patient Transport Officer

  • Intensive Care Ambulance Paramedic

    Provides intensive pre-hospital health care to injured, sick, infirm and aged persons and emergency transport to medical facilities. Registration or licensing is required.

Fast Facts

  • $1,700 Weekly Pay
  • 17,100 workers Employment Size
  • Very strong Future Growth
  • High skill Skill level rating
  • Lower unemployment Unemployment
  • 87.2% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 39.7 hours Average full-time
  • 38.5 years Average age
  • 44.0% female Gender Share

The number of Ambulance Officers and Paramedics stayed fairly stable over the past 5 years and is expected to grow very strongly over the next 5 years:
from 17,100 in 2017 to 21,400 by 2022.
There are likely to be around 14,000 job openings over this time from workers leaving and new jobs being created.

  • Size: This is a medium sized occupation.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2017.
  • Location: Ambulance Officers and Paramedics work in most regions of Australia.
  • Industries: Most work in the Health Care and Social Assistance industry.
  • Earnings: Full-time workers earn around $1,700 per week (very high compared to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (87.2%, much higher than the all jobs average of 68.4%).
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 39.7 hours per week at work (compared to the all jobs average of 40.0 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 39 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years).
  • Gender: 44% of workers are female (compared to the all jobs average of 46.7%).

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2017 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2022.
YearNumber of Workers
200712500
20088100
200910000
201010700
201111800
201217300
201314000
201412500
201514900
201616500
201717100
202221400

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsAmbulance Officers and ParamedicsAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings17001230

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Health Care and Social Assistance96.5
Public Administration and Safety2.5
Mining0.5
Transport, Postal and Warehousing0.5

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateAmbulance Officers and ParamedicsAll Jobs Average
NSW31.431.6
VIC23.326.2
QLD25.019.7
SA6.96.7
WA10.810.8
TAS0.82.0
NT1.71.1
ACT0.01.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketAmbulance Officers and ParamedicsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.0-5.25.2
20-246.0-9.99.9
25-3434.8-23.623.6
35-4427.1-21.721.7
45-5422.3-20.820.8
55-593.6-8.88.8
60-646.2-6.06.0
65 and Over0.0-4.04.0

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationAmbulance Officers and ParamedicsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate14.1-8.68.6
Bachelor degree43.8-17.917.9
Advanced Diploma/Diploma42.2-10.110.1
Certificate III/IV0-18.918.9
Year 120-18.718.7
Years 11 & 100-17.717.7
Below Year 100-8.18.1

An Associate Degree, Advanced Diploma or Diploma, or at least 3 years of relevant experience is usually needed, although entry to this occupation is now with a university qualification and around half of workers have this qualification. Even with a qualification, experience or on-the-job training is usually needed. Registration or licensing is required.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Health Industry VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Ambulance Officers and Paramedics who are caring, compassionate and empathetic and can communicate clearly with a diverse range of people.

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Customer and Personal Service

    91% Important

    Customer and personal services. This includes understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  2. Medicine and Dentistry

    88% Important

    Diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

  3. Public Safety and Security

    87% Important

    Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

  4. English Language

    87% Important

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  5. Education and Training

    79% Important

    Teaching and course design.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 29-2041.00 - Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Assisting and Caring for Others

    94% Important

    Providing personal assistance, medical attention, or emotional support to people such as co-workers, customers, or patients.

  2. Documenting/Recording Information

    91% Important

    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.

  3. Performing for or Working Directly with the Public

    90% Important

    Performing for, or speaking with, the public. This includes speaking on television, serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

  4. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

    90% Important

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  5. Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material

    89% Important

    Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 29-2041.00 - Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics.

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