Concreters pour, spread, smooth and finish concrete for structures such as floors, stairs, ramps, footpaths and bridges.

A Year 10 Certificate, Certificate I, or a short period of on-the-job training is sometimes needed, but is not necessary to work in this job. Around one in three workers have a Certificate III or IV. Sometimes additional tickets are required to work in this job.

Tasks

  • erecting concrete form work and laying steel reinforcing
  • pouring, spreading and levelling concrete using screeds and templates
  • tamping, smoothing, shaping and sealing concrete
  • operating trowelling machines to float, trowel and polish concrete surfaces
  • forming expansion joints and edges using edging tools, jointers and straight edges
  • installing fixtures in concrete such as anchor bolts, steel plates and door sills
  • wetting concrete and rubbing with abrasives to finish vertical surfaces
  • covering concrete with plastic sheeting and sand to cure it
  • cutting lines in concrete using power cutters
  • may cover freshly poured concrete with colouring powders and other materials

Job Titles

  • Concreter or Concrete Worker

    Fast Facts

    • $1,290 Weekly Pay
    • 46,100 workers Employment Size
    • Strong Future Growth
    • Entry level Skill level rating
    • Higher unemployment Unemployment
    • 90.3% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 42.2 hours Average full-time
    • 35 years Average age
    • 1.6% female Gender Share

    The number of Concreters grew very strongly over the past 5 years and is expected to grow strongly over the next 5 years:
    from 46,100 in 2018 to 51,400 by 2023.
    Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
    There are likely to be around 51,000 job openings over 5 years (that's about 10,200 a year).

    • Size: This is a large occupation.
    • Unemployment: Unemployment was above average in 2017.
    • Location: Concreters work in most regions of Australia.
    • Industries: Most work in the Construction industry.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers earn around $1,290 per week (similar to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Most work full-time (90.3%, much higher than the all jobs average of 68.4%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 42.2 hours per week at work (compared to the all jobs average of 40.0 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 35 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years).
    • Gender: 1.6% of workers are female (compared to the all jobs average of 46.7%).

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200836500
    200937200
    201036400
    201137500
    201239300
    201336200
    201434400
    201533100
    201636200
    201742100
    201846100
    202351400

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsConcretersAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings12901230

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Construction90.4
    Manufacturing4.9
    Public Administration and Safety2.3
    Administrative and Support Services0.6
    Other Industries1.8

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateConcretersAll Jobs Average
    NSW27.431.6
    VIC23.726.2
    QLD28.719.7
    SA8.16.7
    WA9.010.8
    TAS0.72.0
    NT0.91.1
    ACT1.41.8

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketConcretersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-195.2-5.25.2
    20-2411.1-9.99.9
    25-3432.9-23.623.6
    35-4425.6-21.721.7
    45-5414.3-20.820.8
    55-596.7-8.88.8
    60-642.2-6.06.0
    65 and Over2.0-4.04.0

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationConcretersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate0-8.68.6
    Bachelor degree0-17.917.9
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma5.5-10.110.1
    Certificate III/IV40.2-18.918.9
    Year 1219.5-18.718.7
    Years 11 & 1028.2-17.717.7
    Below Year 106.6-8.18.1

    A Year 10 Certificate, Certificate I, or a short period of on-the-job training is sometimes needed, but is not necessary to work in this job.
    Around one in three workers have a Certificate III or IV. Sometimes additional tickets are required to work in this job.

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Construction, Plumbing and Services VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Concreters who are hardworking, can work independently and are physically fit.

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Building and Construction

      83% Important

      Materials, methods, and the tools used to construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

    2. Administration and Management

      72% Important

      Planning and coordination of people and resources.

    3. Mathematics

      71% Important

      Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

    4. Design

      68% Important

      Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

    5. Mechanical

      66% Important

      Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2051.00 - Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Activities

    These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

    1. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

      86% Important

      Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

    2. Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material

      81% Important

      Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials for errors, problems or defects.

    3. Operating Vehicles or Equipment

      77% Important

      Running, manoeuvring, navigating, or driving things like forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

    4. Performing General Physical Activities

      75% Important

      Doing things that use of your arms and legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.

    5. Estimating Products, Events, or Information

      74% Important

      Working out sizes, distances, and amounts; or time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 47-2051.00 - Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers.

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