Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers design, organise and oversee the construction, operation and maintenance of mechanical and process plant and installations, establish programs for the coordination of manufacturing activities, and ensure usage of resources is cost effective.

A Bachelor Degree or higher is required. Four in five workers have a university degree. Sometimes relevant experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification. Registration or licensing may also be required.

Tasks

  • studying functional statements, organisational charts and project information to determine functions and responsibilities of workers and work units and to identify areas of duplication
  • establishing work measurement programs and analysing work samples to develop standards for labour utilisation
  • analysing workforce utilisation, facility layout, operational data and production schedules and costs to determine optimum worker and equipment efficiencies
  • designing mechanical equipment, machines, components, products for manufacture, and plant and systems for construction
  • developing specifications for manufacture, and determining materials, equipment, piping, material flows, capacities and layout of plant and systems
  • organising and managing project labour and the delivery of materials, plant and equipment
  • establishing standards and policies for installation, modification, quality control, testing, inspection and maintenance according to engineering principles and safety regulations
  • inspecting plant to ensure optimum performance is maintained
  • directing the maintenance of plant buildings and equipment, and coordinating the requirements for new designs, surveys and maintenance schedules

Job Titles

  • Industrial Engineer
  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Production or Plant Engineer
  • Industrial Engineer

    Investigates and reviews the utilisation of personnel, facilities, equipment and materials, current operational processes and established practices, to recommend improvement in the efficiency of operations in a variety of commercial, industrial and production environments. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Process Engineer (Industrial)

  • Mechanical Engineer

    Plans, designs, organises and oversees the assembly, erection, operation and maintenance of mechanical and process plant and installations. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Airconditioning Engineer, Building Services Engineer, Heating and Ventilation Engineer

  • Production or Plant Engineer

    Plans, directs and coordinates the design, construction, modification, continued performance and maintenance of equipment and machines in industrial plants, and the management and planning of manufacturing activities. Registration or licensing may be required.

    Specialisations: Automation and Control Engineer

Fast Facts

  • $1,961 Weekly Pay
  • 30,800 workers Employment Size
  • Decline Future Growth
  • Very high skill Skill level rating
  • Lower unemployment Unemployment
  • 96.0% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 41.3 hours Average full-time
  • 40 years Average age
  • 4.9% female Gender Share

The number of Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers grew moderately over the past 5 years and is expected to fall over the next 5 years:
from 30,800 in 2017 to 29,100 by 2022.
There are likely to be around 9,000 job openings over this time from workers leaving and new jobs being created.

  • Size: This is a large occupation.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2017.
  • Location: Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers work in many regions of Australia. Many work in Victoria or Western Australia.
  • Industries: Most work in Manufacturing; Professional, Scientific and Technical Services; and Mining.
  • Earnings: Full-time workers earn around $1,961 per week (very high compared to the all jobs average of $1,230). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
  • Full-time: Most work full-time (96%, much higher than the all jobs average of 68.4%) showing part-time work may be hard to find.
  • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 41.3 hours per week at work (compared to the all jobs average of 40.0 hours).
  • Age: The average age is 40 years (compared to the all jobs average of 40 years).
  • Gender: 4.9% of workers are female (compared to the all jobs average of 46.7%).

Employment Outlook

Number of Workers

Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2017 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2022.
YearNumber of Workers
200721600
200829100
200932900
201025700
201130600
201228500
201334500
201430400
201530500
201628400
201730800
202229100

Weekly Earnings

Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

Source: Based on ABS Characteristics of Employment survey, August 2015, Cat. No. 6333.0, Customised Report. Median earnings are before tax and do not include superannuation. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
EarningsIndustrial, Mechanical and Production EngineersAll Jobs Average
Full-Time Earnings19611230

Main Industries

Main Employing Industries (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
Manufacturing36.7
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services27.6
Mining8.7
Public Administration and Safety5.0
Other Industries22.0

States and Territories

  • NSW

  • VIC

  • QLD

  • SA

  • TAS

  • NT

  • ACT

Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
StateIndustrial, Mechanical and Production EngineersAll Jobs Average
NSW29.031.6
VIC37.826.2
QLD8.719.7
SA6.36.7
WA16.410.8
TAS0.52.0
NT0.31.1
ACT0.91.8

Age Profile

Age Profile (% Share)

Source: Based on ABS Labour Force Survey, annual average 2017, Cat. No. 6291.0.55.003: Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
Age BracketIndustrial, Mechanical and Production EngineersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
15-190.0-5.25.2
20-249.6-9.99.9
25-3429.7-23.623.6
35-4429.2-21.721.7
45-5418.3-20.820.8
55-597.7-8.88.8
60-642.1-6.06.0
65 and Over3.5-4.04.0

Education Level

Highest Level of Education (% Share)

Source: ABS, Education and Work (2016). Findings based on use of ABS TableBuilder data. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Skill level requirements can change over time, the qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
Type of QualificationIndustrial, Mechanical and Production EngineersAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate16.8-8.68.6
Bachelor degree68-17.917.9
Advanced Diploma/Diploma5.6-10.110.1
Certificate III/IV0-18.918.9
Year 129.6-18.718.7
Years 11 & 100-17.717.7
Below Year 100-8.18.1

A Bachelor Degree or higher is required. Four in five workers have a university degree. Sometimes relevant experience or on-the-job training is needed in addition to a qualification. Registration or licensing may also be required.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

  • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
  • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
  • You might be interested in Manufacturing VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

Employers look for Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong interpersonal skills.

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Engineering and Technology

    98% Important

    Use engineering science and technology to design and produce goods and services.

  2. Mathematics

    94% Important

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  3. Design

    92% Important

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  4. Mechanical

    87% Important

    Machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

  5. Physics

    87% Important

    Physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 17-2141.00 - Mechanical Engineers.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Interacting With Computers

    91% Important

    Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

  2. Making Decisions and Solving Problems

    88% Important

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  3. Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Staff

    85% Important

    Giving information to supervisors, co-workers, and staff by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

  4. Analyzing Data or Information

    84% Important

    Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.

  5. Getting Information

    83% Important

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 17-2141.00 - Mechanical Engineers.

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