Psychologists and Psychotherapists investigate, assess and provide treatment and counselling to foster optimal personal, social, educational and occupational adjustment and development.

    A postgraduate degree in psychology or two years of supervised postgraduate experience with a registered psychologist is needed to work as a Psychologist.

    Tasks

    • collecting data about clients and assessing their cognitive, behavioural and emotional disorders
    • administering and interpreting diagnostic tests and formulating plans for treatment
    • developing, administering and evaluating individual and group treatment programs
    • consulting with other professionals on details of cases and treatment plans
    • conducting research studies of motivation in learning, group performance and individual differences in mental abilities and educational performance
    • collecting data and analysing characteristics of students and recommending educational programs
    • formulating achievement, diagnostic and predictive tests for use by teachers in planning methods and content of instruction
    • developing interview techniques, psychological tests and other aids in workplace selection, placement, appraisal and promotion
    • conducting surveys and research studies on job design, work groups, morale, motivation, supervision and management
    • performing job analyses and establishing job requirements by observing and interviewing employees and managers

    More about Psychologists and Psychotherapists

    All Psychologists and Psychotherapists

    All Psychologists and Psychotherapists

    • $1,857 Weekly Pay
    • Very strong Future Growth
    • Unavailable Unemployment
    • 26,800 workers Employment Size
    • Very high skill Skill level rating
    • 52% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 43 hours Average full-time
    • 44 years Average age
    • 80% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Psychologists and Psychotherapists (in their main job) grew very strongly over 5 years:
    from 22,600 in 2014 to 26,800 in 2019.

    Caution: The Australian jobs market is changing in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. These estimates do not take account of the impact of COVID-19. They may not reflect the current jobs market and should be used and interpreted with extreme caution.

    • Size: This is a large occupation.
    • Location: Psychologists and Psychotherapists work in many regions of Australia.
    • Industries: Most work in Health Care and Social Assistance; Education and Training; and Public Administration and Safety.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $1,857 per week (higher than the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Around half work full-time (52%, less than the average of 66%), showing there are many opportunities to work part-time.
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 43 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 44 years (compared to the average of 40 years).
    • Gender: 80% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Caution: The 2019 employment projections do not take account of any impact caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and are therefore no longer reflective of current labour market conditions. As such, they should be used, and interpreted, with extreme caution. Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, National Skills Commission trend data to May 2019 and projections to 2024.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200923600
    201019900
    201121700
    201221500
    201321600
    201422600
    201523700
    201629300
    201729100
    201837700
    201926800
    202432600

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsPsychologists and PsychotherapistsAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings18571460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Health Care and Social Assistance70.7
    Education and Training17.2
    Public Administration and Safety8.4
    Professional, Scientific and Technical Services1.5
    Other Industries2.2

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StatePsychologists and PsychotherapistsAll Jobs Average
    NSW33.831.6
    VIC26.625.6
    QLD18.620.0
    SA5.37.0
    WA10.710.8
    TAS1.82.0
    NT0.61.0
    ACT2.51.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketPsychologists and PsychotherapistsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-190.1-5.05.0
    20-241.5-9.39.3
    25-3423.5-22.922.9
    35-4427.3-22.022.0
    45-5421.2-21.621.6
    55-599.6-9.09.0
    60-648.3-6.06.0
    65 and Over8.5-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationPsychologists and PsychotherapistsAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate76.8-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree20.9-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma1.2-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV0.2-21.121.1
    Year 120.8-18.118.1
    Year 110.0-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below0.0-12.512.5

    A postgraduate degree in psychology or two years of supervised postgraduate experience with a registered psychologist is needed to work as a Psychologist.

    You must also be registered with the Psychology Board of Australia.

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Search and compare thousands of higher education courses, and their entry requirements from different institutions across Australia at Course Seeker website.
    • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    Useful links and resources


    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Psychologists who are caring, compassionate, empathetic and work well in a team.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Therapy and counselling

      97% Skill level

      Diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and career counselling and guidance.

    2. Psychology

      96% Skill level

      Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.

    3. Customer and personal service

      77% Skill level

      Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

    4. English language

      74% Skill level

      English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    5. Education and training

      66% Skill level

      Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 19-3031.02 - Clinical Psychologists.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Face-to-face discussions

      100% Important

      Talk with people face-to-face.

    2. Indoors, heat controlled

      99% Important

      Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.

    3. Telephone

      98% Important

      Talk on the telephone.

    4. Freedom to make decisions

      96% Important

      Have freedom to make decision on your own.

    5. Unstructured work

      95% Important

      Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 19-3031.02 - Clinical Psychologists.

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