Database and Systems Administrators, and ICT Security Specialists plan, develop, maintain, manage and administer organisations' database management systems, operating systems and security policies and procedures to ensure optimal database and system integrity, security, backup, reliability and performance.

    You can work as a Database or Systems Administrator, or ICT Security Specialist without formal qualifications if you are able to demonstrate your technical competency to employers. There are also a wide range of vendor and industry certifications available that may substitute for formal qualifications and can be highly regarded by employers. However, most workers do hold a VET or university qualification.

    Tasks

    • designing and maintaining database architecture, data structures, tables, dictionaries and naming conventions to ensure the accuracy and completeness of all data master files
    • performing the operational establishment and preventive maintenance of backups, recovery procedures, and enforcing security and integrity controls
    • implementing and administering database documentation, guidelines, policies and procedures
    • testing database systems and upgrades, such as debugging, tracking, reproduction, logging and resolving all identified problems, according to approved quality testing scripts, procedures and processes
    • accepting responsibility for the processes, procedures and operational management associated with system security and disaster recovery planning
    • liaising with security vendors, suppliers, service providers and external resources; analysing, recommending, installing and maintaining software security applications; and monitoring contractual obligations, performance delivery and service level agreements
    • troubleshooting and providing service support in diagnosing, resolving and repairing server-related hardware and software malfunctions, encompassing workstations and communication infrastructure
    • preparing and maintaining documentation, policies and instructions, and recording and detailing operational procedures and system logs
    • ensuring that the design of computer sites allows all components to fit together and work properly, and monitoring and adjusting the performance of networks
    • continually surveying the current computer site to determine future network needs and making recommendations for enhancements in the implementation of future servers and networks

    More about Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security

    All Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security

    All Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security

    • $1,932 Weekly Pay
    • Moderate Future Growth
    • Lower unemployment Unemployment
    • 43,900 workers Employment Size
    • Very high skill Skill level rating
    • 89% Full-Time Full-Time Share
    • 41 hours Average full-time
    • 40 years Average age
    • 21% female Gender Share

    The number of people working as Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security (in their main job) grew very strongly over the past 5 years and is expected to grow over the next 5 years:
    from 43,900 in 2018 to 47,300 by 2023.
    Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
    There are likely to be around 26,000 job openings over 5 years (that's about 5,200 a year).

    • Size: This is a large occupation.
    • Unemployment: Unemployment was below average in 2018.
    • Location: Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security work in many regions of Australia.
    • Industries: Most work in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services; Public Administration and Safety; and Financial and Insurance Services.
    • Earnings: Full-time workers on an adult wage earn around $1,932 per week (higher than the average of $1,460). Earnings tend to be lower when starting out and higher as experience grows.
    • Full-time: Most work full-time (89%, much higher than the average of 66%).
    • Hours: Full-time workers spend around 41 hours per week at work (compared to the average of 44 hours).
    • Age: The average age is 40 years (compared to the average of 40 years).
    • Gender: 21% of workers are female (compared to the average of 48%).

    Employment Outlook

    Number of Workers

    Source: ABS Labour Force Survey, Department of Jobs and Small Business trend data to May 2018 and Department of Jobs and Small Business projections to 2023.
    YearNumber of Workers
    200832900
    200936400
    201030900
    201135300
    201236300
    201336200
    201439300
    201539500
    201643000
    201738400
    201843900
    202347300

    Weekly Earnings

    Weekly Earnings (Before Tax)

    Source: Based on ABS Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, Customised Report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. Earnings can vary greatly depending on the skills and experience of the worker and the demands of the role. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.
    EarningsDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs Average
    Full-Time Earnings19321460

    Main Industries

    Main Employing Industries (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Industries are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC 06).
    Main Employing IndustriesIndustry (% share)
    Professional, Scientific and Technical Services25.6
    Public Administration and Safety16.9
    Financial and Insurance Services9.5
    Education and Training9.3
    Other Industries38.7

    States and Territories

    • NSW

    • VIC

    • QLD

    • SA

    • TAS

    • NT

    • ACT

    Employment by State and Territory (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Share of workers across Australian States and Territories, in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    StateDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs Average
    NSW33.031.6
    VIC28.225.6
    QLD15.020.0
    SA5.67.0
    WA8.710.8
    TAS1.42.0
    NT0.81.0
    ACT7.41.9

    Age Profile

    Age Profile (% Share)

    Source: Based on ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Age profile of workers in this job compared to the all jobs average.
    Age BracketDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    15-190.4-5.05.0
    20-243.6-9.39.3
    25-3427.4-22.922.9
    35-4433.8-22.022.0
    45-5422.9-21.621.6
    55-596.9-9.09.0
    60-643.6-6.06.0
    65 and Over1.4-4.24.2

    Education Level

    Highest Level of Education (% Share)

    Source: ABS Census 2016, Customised Report. Highest qualification completed by workers in this job (in any field of study). Qualifications needed by new workers might be different from the qualifications of workers already in the job.
    Type of QualificationDatabase and Systems Administrators and ICT SecurityAll Jobs AverageAll Jobs Average
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate18.1-10.110.1
    Bachelor degree38.3-21.821.8
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma16.2-11.611.6
    Certificate III/IV9.5-21.121.1
    Year 1213.8-18.118.1
    Year 111.9-4.84.8
    Year 10 and below2.4-12.512.5

    You can work as a Database or Systems Administrator, or ICT Security Specialist without formal qualifications if you are able to demonstrate your technical competency to employers. There are also a wide range of vendor and industry certifications available that may substitute for formal qualifications and can be highly regarded by employers. However, most workers do hold a VET or university qualification.

    Membership with information technology associations or peak bodies may be useful.

    Checks, licences and tickets

    You may need:

    • additional IT certifications offered by peak bodies, industry associations and vendors

    Thinking about study or training?

    Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need.

    • Search and compare thousands of higher education courses, and their entry requirements from different institutions across Australia at Course Seeker website.
    • Compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes on the QILT website.
    • Compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes on the My Skills website.
    • You might be interested in Information and Communications Technology VET training pathways on the AAPathways website.

    Or check out related courses on Job Outlook.

    Useful links and resources


    The course listings on this page are provided by Good Education Group.

    Employers look for Database & Systems Administrators & ICT Security who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong computer literacy.

    Filter Skills & Knowledge

    Knowledge

    These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

    1. Computers and Electronics

      74% Skill level

      Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

    2. Mathematics

      56% Skill level

      Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

    3. Education and Training

      55% Skill level

      Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

    4. Telecommunications

      54% Skill level

      Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

    5. Customer and Personal Service

      52% Skill level

      Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 15-1141.00 - Database Administrators.

    Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

    Filter Work Environment

    Demands

    The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

    1. Electronic Mail

      100% Important

      How often do you use electronic mail?

    2. Indoors, Heat Controlled

      99% Important

      How often do you work indoors with access to heating or cooling?

    3. Work With Work Group or Team

      91% Important

      How important is it to work with others in a group or team?

    4. Spend Time Sitting

      91% Important

      How much time do you spend sitting?

    5. Contact With Others

      88% Important

      How much do you have contact with people (face-to-face, by telephone, or any other way)?

    Occupational Information Network
    O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
    The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 15-1141.00 - Database Administrators.

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