ALERT The future growth information does not take account of the impact of COVID-19. If you are affected by COVID-19 there is a range of support available.

Overview

All Chefs

  • $1,250 Weekly Pay
  • Very strong Future Growth
  • 101,000 workers Employment Size
  • High skill Skill level rating
  • 72% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 46 hours Average full-time
  • 35 years Average age
  • 25% female Gender Share

Chefs plan and organise the preparation and cooking of food in dining and catering establishments.

Specialisations: Chef de Partie, Commis Chef, Demi Chef, Second Chef, Sous Chef.

You usually need a certificate IV in commercial cookery to work as a Chef. This course is often completed as part of an apprenticeship. Executive Chefs, Head Chefs and Sous Chefs may complete additional study, such as a diploma of hospitality management.

Tasks
  • planning menus, estimating food and labour costs, and ordering food supplies
  • monitoring quality of dishes at all stages of preparation and presentation
  • discussing food preparation issues with Managers, Dietitians and kitchen and waiting staff
  • demonstrating techniques and advising on cooking procedures
  • preparing and cooking food
  • explaining and enforcing hygiene regulations
  • may select and train staff
  • may freeze and preserve foods

Prospects

Pathways

You usually need a certificate IV in commercial cookery to work as a Chef. This course is often completed as part of an apprenticeship. Executive Chefs, Head Chefs and Sous Chefs may complete additional study, such as a diploma of hospitality management.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need. Visit

  • My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
  • AAPathways website to explore Tourism, Travel and Hospitality VET training pathways.

Skills & Knowledge

Employers look for Chefs who are reliable, hardworking and have strong people skills.

Filter Skills & Knowledge

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Food production

    66% Skill level

    Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.

  2. Production and processing

    63% Skill level

    Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

  3. Education and training

    62% Skill level

    Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

  4. Administration and management

    60% Skill level

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

  5. Customer and personal service

    58% Skill level

    Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  6. Mathematics

    55% Skill level

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  7. Personnel and human resources

    54% Skill level

    Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.

  8. English language

    48% Skill level

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  9. Public safety and security

    47% Skill level

    Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

  10. Sales and marketing

    47% Skill level

    Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.

  11. Chemistry

    45% Skill level

    Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.

  12. Computers and electronics

    42% Skill level

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  13. Clerical

    42% Skill level

    Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.

  14. Psychology

    41% Skill level

    Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.

  15. Technical design

    38% Skill level

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  16. Economics and accounting

    33% Skill level

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

  17. Communications and media

    32% Skill level

    Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.

  18. Foreign language

    31% Skill level

    Foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.

  19. Law and government

    28% Skill level

    How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.

  20. Transportation

    26% Skill level

    Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.

Skills

Skills can be improved through training or experience.

  1. Coordination with others

    57% Skill level

    Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.

  2. Monitoring

    57% Skill level

    Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.

  3. Speaking

    55% Skill level

    Talking to others.

  4. Critical thinking

    55% Skill level

    Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

  5. Management of personnel resources

    54% Skill level

    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.

  6. Social perceptiveness

    54% Skill level

    Understanding why people react the way they do.

  7. Time management

    52% Skill level

    Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.

  8. Active learning

    50% Skill level

    Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.

  9. Active listening

    50% Skill level

    Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

  10. Negotiation

    50% Skill level

    Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.

  11. Persuasion

    50% Skill level

    Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.

  12. Serving others

    48% Skill level

    Looking for ways to help people.

  13. Learning strategies

    48% Skill level

    Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.

  14. Instructing

    46% Skill level

    Teaching people how to do something.

  15. Management of material resources

    46% Skill level

    Providing the right equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do work.

  16. Management of financial resources

    45% Skill level

    Figuring out how money is needed to do something, and keeping track of the money that's being spent.

  17. Judgment and decision making

    43% Skill level

    Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.

  18. Complex problem solving

    43% Skill level

    Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

  19. Mathematics

    41% Skill level

    Using maths to solve problems.

  20. Quality control analysis

    39% Skill level

    Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.

Abilities

Workers use these physical and mental abilities.

  1. Oral comprehension

    57% Skill level

    Listen to and understand what people say.

  2. Oral expression

    57% Skill level

    Communicate by speaking.

  3. Deductive reasoning

    54% Skill level

    Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.

  4. Problem spotting

    54% Skill level

    Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.

  5. Inductive reasoning

    48% Skill level

    Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.

  6. Originality

    48% Skill level

    Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.

  7. Written comprehension

    48% Skill level

    Read and understand written information.

  8. Written expression

    48% Skill level

    Write in a way that people can understand.

  9. Near vision

    46% Skill level

    See details that are up-close (within a few feet).

  10. Sorting or ordering

    46% Skill level

    Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  11. Speech recognition

    46% Skill level

    Identify and understand the speech of another person.

  12. Brainstorming

    45% Skill level

    Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.

  13. Speech clarity

    45% Skill level

    Speak clearly so others can understand you.

  14. Categorising

    45% Skill level

    Come up with different ways of grouping things.

  15. Trunk strength

    43% Skill level

    Use your abdominal and lower back muscles a number of times without 'giving out' or fatiguing.

  16. Arm-hand steadiness

    43% Skill level

    Keep your hand or arm steady.

  17. Manual dexterity

    43% Skill level

    Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.

  18. Mathematics

    43% Skill level

    Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.

  19. Working with numbers

    43% Skill level

    Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.

  20. Colour discrimination

    41% Skill level

    Notice differences between colours, including shades of colour and brightness.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Planning and prioritising work

    74% Skill level

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  2. Handling and moving objects

    67% Skill level

    Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.

  3. Building good relationships

    67% Skill level

    Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.

  4. Coaching and developing others

    67% Skill level

    Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve.

  5. Thinking creatively

    65% Skill level

    Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.

  6. Guiding and directing staff

    64% Skill level

    Guiding and directing staff, including setting and monitoring performance standards.

  7. Communicating within a team

    63% Skill level

    Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  8. Negotiating and resolving conflicts

    62% Skill level

    Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.

  9. Coordinating the work of a team

    62% Skill level

    Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.

  10. Training and teaching others

    60% Skill level

    Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.

  11. Managing payments and orders

    60% Skill level

    Monitoring and controlling resources and the spending of money.

  12. Scheduling work and activities

    59% Skill level

    Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.

  13. Keeping your knowledge up-to-date

    58% Skill level

    Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.

  14. Leading and encouraging a team

    57% Skill level

    Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

  15. Doing physically active work

    56% Skill level

    Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.

  16. Making decisions and solving problems

    54% Skill level

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  17. Researching and investigating

    53% Skill level

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  18. Monitoring people, processes and things

    49% Skill level

    Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.

  19. Assessing and evaluating things

    48% Skill level

    Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.

  20. Estimating amounts, costs and resources

    45% Skill level

    Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 35-1011.00 - Chefs and Head Cooks.

Work Environment

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Filter Work Environment

Demands

The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

  1. Face-to-face discussions

    98% Important

    Talk with people face-to-face.

  2. Telephone

    97% Important

    Talk on the telephone.

  3. Time pressure

    97% Important

    Work to strict deadlines.

  4. Spend time standing

    96% Important

    Spend time standing at work.

  5. Electronic mail

    96% Important

    Use electronic mail.

  6. Contact with people

    94% Important

    Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.

  7. Teamwork

    93% Important

    Work with people in a group or team.

  8. Frequent decision making

    89% Important

    Frequently make decisions that impact other people.

  9. Minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings

    88% Important

    Be exposed to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings.

  10. Lead or coordinate a team

    88% Important

    Lead others to do work activities.

  11. Health and safety of others

    87% Important

    Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.

  12. Physically close to people

    84% Important

    Work physically close to other people.

  13. Using your hands to handle, control, or feel

    84% Important

    Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.

  14. Making repetitive motions

    83% Important

    Spend time making repetitive motions.

  15. Responsible for outcomes

    83% Important

    Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.

  16. Very hot or cold temperatures

    83% Important

    Work in very hot or cold temperatures.

  17. Competition

    81% Important

    Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.

  18. Loud or uncomfortable sounds

    81% Important

    Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.

  19. Freedom to make decisions

    80% Important

    Have freedom to make decision on your own.

  20. Being exact or accurate

    78% Important

    Be very exact or highly accurate.

Values

Work values are important to a person’s feeling of satisfaction. All six values are shown below.

  1. Independence

    86% Important

    Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.

  2. Recognition

    76% Important

    Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.

  3. Achievement

    71% Important

    Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

  4. Relationships

    67% Important

    Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.

  5. Working conditions

    64% Important

    Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.

  6. Support

    52% Important

    Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.

Interests

Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.

  1. Enterprising

    100% Important

    Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.

  2. Practical

    81% Important

    Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.

  3. Creative

    67% Important

    Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.

  4. Helping

    48% Important

    Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.

  5. Administrative

    38% Important

    Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.

  6. Analytical

    19% Important

    Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 35-1011.00 - Chefs and Head Cooks.

All Chefs

  • $1,250 Weekly Pay
  • Very strong Future Growth
  • 101,000 workers Employment Size
  • High skill Skill level rating
  • 72% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 46 hours Average full-time
  • 35 years Average age
  • 25% female Gender Share

Chefs plan and organise the preparation and cooking of food in dining and catering establishments.

Specialisations: Chef de Partie, Commis Chef, Demi Chef, Second Chef, Sous Chef.

You usually need a certificate IV in commercial cookery to work as a Chef. This course is often completed as part of an apprenticeship. Executive Chefs, Head Chefs and Sous Chefs may complete additional study, such as a diploma of hospitality management.

Tasks
  • planning menus, estimating food and labour costs, and ordering food supplies
  • monitoring quality of dishes at all stages of preparation and presentation
  • discussing food preparation issues with Managers, Dietitians and kitchen and waiting staff
  • demonstrating techniques and advising on cooking procedures
  • preparing and cooking food
  • explaining and enforcing hygiene regulations
  • may select and train staff
  • may freeze and preserve foods

You usually need a certificate IV in commercial cookery to work as a Chef. This course is often completed as part of an apprenticeship. Executive Chefs, Head Chefs and Sous Chefs may complete additional study, such as a diploma of hospitality management.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need. Visit

  • My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
  • AAPathways website to explore Tourism, Travel and Hospitality VET training pathways.

Employers look for Chefs who are reliable, hardworking and have strong people skills.

Filter Skills & Knowledge

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Food production

    66% Skill level

    Planting, growing, and harvesting food (both plant and animal), including storage and handling.

  2. Production and processing

    63% Skill level

    Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

  3. Education and training

    62% Skill level

    Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

  4. Administration and management

    60% Skill level

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

  5. Customer and personal service

    58% Skill level

    Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  6. Mathematics

    55% Skill level

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  7. Personnel and human resources

    54% Skill level

    Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.

  8. English language

    48% Skill level

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  9. Public safety and security

    47% Skill level

    Use of equipment, rules and ideas to protect people, data, property, and institutions.

  10. Sales and marketing

    47% Skill level

    Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.

  11. Chemistry

    45% Skill level

    Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.

  12. Computers and electronics

    42% Skill level

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  13. Clerical

    42% Skill level

    Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.

  14. Psychology

    41% Skill level

    Human behaviour; differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; research methods; assessing and treating disorders.

  15. Technical design

    38% Skill level

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  16. Economics and accounting

    33% Skill level

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

  17. Communications and media

    32% Skill level

    Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.

  18. Foreign language

    31% Skill level

    Foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.

  19. Law and government

    28% Skill level

    How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.

  20. Transportation

    26% Skill level

    Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.

Skills

Skills can be improved through training or experience.

  1. Coordination with others

    57% Skill level

    Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.

  2. Monitoring

    57% Skill level

    Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.

  3. Speaking

    55% Skill level

    Talking to others.

  4. Critical thinking

    55% Skill level

    Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

  5. Management of personnel resources

    54% Skill level

    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.

  6. Social perceptiveness

    54% Skill level

    Understanding why people react the way they do.

  7. Time management

    52% Skill level

    Managing your own and other peoples' time to get work done.

  8. Active learning

    50% Skill level

    Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.

  9. Active listening

    50% Skill level

    Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

  10. Negotiation

    50% Skill level

    Bringing people together and trying to sort out their differences.

  11. Persuasion

    50% Skill level

    Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.

  12. Serving others

    48% Skill level

    Looking for ways to help people.

  13. Learning strategies

    48% Skill level

    Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.

  14. Instructing

    46% Skill level

    Teaching people how to do something.

  15. Management of material resources

    46% Skill level

    Providing the right equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do work.

  16. Management of financial resources

    45% Skill level

    Figuring out how money is needed to do something, and keeping track of the money that's being spent.

  17. Judgment and decision making

    43% Skill level

    Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.

  18. Complex problem solving

    43% Skill level

    Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

  19. Mathematics

    41% Skill level

    Using maths to solve problems.

  20. Quality control analysis

    39% Skill level

    Doing tests and checking products, services, or processes to make sure they are working properly.

Abilities

Workers use these physical and mental abilities.

  1. Oral comprehension

    57% Skill level

    Listen to and understand what people say.

  2. Oral expression

    57% Skill level

    Communicate by speaking.

  3. Deductive reasoning

    54% Skill level

    Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.

  4. Problem spotting

    54% Skill level

    Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.

  5. Inductive reasoning

    48% Skill level

    Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.

  6. Originality

    48% Skill level

    Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.

  7. Written comprehension

    48% Skill level

    Read and understand written information.

  8. Written expression

    48% Skill level

    Write in a way that people can understand.

  9. Near vision

    46% Skill level

    See details that are up-close (within a few feet).

  10. Sorting or ordering

    46% Skill level

    Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  11. Speech recognition

    46% Skill level

    Identify and understand the speech of another person.

  12. Brainstorming

    45% Skill level

    Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.

  13. Speech clarity

    45% Skill level

    Speak clearly so others can understand you.

  14. Categorising

    45% Skill level

    Come up with different ways of grouping things.

  15. Trunk strength

    43% Skill level

    Use your abdominal and lower back muscles a number of times without 'giving out' or fatiguing.

  16. Arm-hand steadiness

    43% Skill level

    Keep your hand or arm steady.

  17. Manual dexterity

    43% Skill level

    Quickly move your hand to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.

  18. Mathematics

    43% Skill level

    Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.

  19. Working with numbers

    43% Skill level

    Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.

  20. Colour discrimination

    41% Skill level

    Notice differences between colours, including shades of colour and brightness.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Planning and prioritising work

    74% Skill level

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  2. Handling and moving objects

    67% Skill level

    Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, moving and manipulating objects.

  3. Building good relationships

    67% Skill level

    Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.

  4. Coaching and developing others

    67% Skill level

    Working out the needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or helping them to improve.

  5. Thinking creatively

    65% Skill level

    Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.

  6. Guiding and directing staff

    64% Skill level

    Guiding and directing staff, including setting and monitoring performance standards.

  7. Communicating within a team

    63% Skill level

    Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  8. Negotiating and resolving conflicts

    62% Skill level

    Handling complaints and disagreements, and negotiating with people.

  9. Coordinating the work of a team

    62% Skill level

    Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.

  10. Training and teaching others

    60% Skill level

    Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.

  11. Managing payments and orders

    60% Skill level

    Monitoring and controlling resources and the spending of money.

  12. Scheduling work and activities

    59% Skill level

    Working out the timing of events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.

  13. Keeping your knowledge up-to-date

    58% Skill level

    Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.

  14. Leading and encouraging a team

    57% Skill level

    Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

  15. Doing physically active work

    56% Skill level

    Use your arms, legs and whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling objects.

  16. Making decisions and solving problems

    54% Skill level

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  17. Researching and investigating

    53% Skill level

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  18. Monitoring people, processes and things

    49% Skill level

    Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.

  19. Assessing and evaluating things

    48% Skill level

    Working out the value, importance, or quality of things, services or people.

  20. Estimating amounts, costs and resources

    45% Skill level

    Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 35-1011.00 - Chefs and Head Cooks.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Filter Work Environment

Demands

The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

  1. Face-to-face discussions

    98% Important

    Talk with people face-to-face.

  2. Telephone

    97% Important

    Talk on the telephone.

  3. Time pressure

    97% Important

    Work to strict deadlines.

  4. Spend time standing

    96% Important

    Spend time standing at work.

  5. Electronic mail

    96% Important

    Use electronic mail.

  6. Contact with people

    94% Important

    Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.

  7. Teamwork

    93% Important

    Work with people in a group or team.

  8. Frequent decision making

    89% Important

    Frequently make decisions that impact other people.

  9. Minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings

    88% Important

    Be exposed to minor burns, cuts, bites, or stings.

  10. Lead or coordinate a team

    88% Important

    Lead others to do work activities.

  11. Health and safety of others

    87% Important

    Take responsibility for the health and safety of others.

  12. Physically close to people

    84% Important

    Work physically close to other people.

  13. Using your hands to handle, control, or feel

    84% Important

    Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.

  14. Making repetitive motions

    83% Important

    Spend time making repetitive motions.

  15. Responsible for outcomes

    83% Important

    Take responsibility for the results of other people's work.

  16. Very hot or cold temperatures

    83% Important

    Work in very hot or cold temperatures.

  17. Competition

    81% Important

    Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.

  18. Loud or uncomfortable sounds

    81% Important

    Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.

  19. Freedom to make decisions

    80% Important

    Have freedom to make decision on your own.

  20. Being exact or accurate

    78% Important

    Be very exact or highly accurate.

Values

Work values are important to a person’s feeling of satisfaction. All six values are shown below.

  1. Independence

    86% Important

    Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.

  2. Recognition

    76% Important

    Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.

  3. Achievement

    71% Important

    Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

  4. Relationships

    67% Important

    Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.

  5. Working conditions

    64% Important

    Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.

  6. Support

    52% Important

    Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.

Interests

Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.

  1. Enterprising

    100% Important

    Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.

  2. Practical

    81% Important

    Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.

  3. Creative

    67% Important

    Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.

  4. Helping

    48% Important

    Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.

  5. Administrative

    38% Important

    Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.

  6. Analytical

    19% Important

    Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 35-1011.00 - Chefs and Head Cooks.
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