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Software and Applications Programmers

ANZSCO ID 2613

Overview

All Software and Applications Programmers

  • $2,003 Weekly Pay
  • Very strong Future Growth
  • 135,000 workers Employment Size
  • Very high skill Skill level rating
  • 90% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 41 hours Average full-time
  • 37 years Average age
  • 17% female Gender Share

Software and Applications Programmers design, develop, test, maintain and document program code in accordance with user requirements, and system and technical specifications.

You usually need a bachelor or postgraduate degree in a related information technology field (such as programming, software engineering, software development or computer science) to work as a Software or Applications Programmer. Some workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification.

Tasks
  • researching, consulting, analysing and evaluating system program needs
  • identifying technology limitations and deficiencies in existing systems and associated processes, procedures and methods
  • testing, debugging, diagnosing and correcting errors and faults in an applications programming language within established testing protocols, guidelines and quality standards to ensure programs and applications perform to specification
  • writing and maintaining program code to meet system requirements, system designs and technical specifications in accordance with quality accredited standards
  • writing, updating and maintaining technical program, end user documentation and operational procedures
  • providing advice, guidance and expertise in developing proposals and strategies for software design activities such as financial evaluation and costings for recommending software purchases and upgrades

Prospects

Pathways

You usually need a bachelor or postgraduate degree in a related information technology field (such as programming, software engineering, software development or computer science) to work as a Software or Applications Programmer. Some workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need. Visit

  • Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
  • ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
  • My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
  • AAPathways website to explore Information and Communications Technology VET training pathways.

Skills & Knowledge

Employers look for Software and Applications Programmers who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong computer skills.

Filter Skills & Knowledge

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Computers and electronics

    96% Skill level

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  2. Engineering and technology

    75% Skill level

    Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.

  3. Mathematics

    71% Skill level

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  4. English language

    62% Skill level

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  5. Technical design

    60% Skill level

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  6. Customer and personal service

    50% Skill level

    Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  7. Telecommunications

    47% Skill level

    Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

  8. Administration and management

    44% Skill level

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

  9. Education and training

    40% Skill level

    Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

  10. Personnel and human resources

    26% Skill level

    Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.

  11. Communications and media

    26% Skill level

    Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.

  12. Sales and marketing

    24% Skill level

    Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.

  13. Law and government

    18% Skill level

    How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.

  14. Geography

    15% Skill level

    Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.

  15. Physics

    14% Skill level

    The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.

  16. Clerical

    13% Skill level

    Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.

  17. Production and processing

    10% Skill level

    Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

  18. Economics and accounting

    9% Skill level

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

  19. Transportation

    9% Skill level

    Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.

  20. Chemistry

    8% Skill level

    Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.

Skills

Skills can be improved through training or experience.

  1. Programming

    68% Skill level

    Writing computer programs.

  2. Systems evaluation

    64% Skill level

    Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.

  3. Systems analysis

    61% Skill level

    Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.

  4. Judgment and decision making

    59% Skill level

    Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.

  5. Complex problem solving

    59% Skill level

    Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

  6. Critical thinking

    57% Skill level

    Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

  7. Reading comprehension

    55% Skill level

    Reading work related information.

  8. Operations analysis

    54% Skill level

    Understanding needs and product requirements to create a design.

  9. Speaking

    54% Skill level

    Talking to others.

  10. Active listening

    54% Skill level

    Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

  11. Mathematics

    54% Skill level

    Using maths to solve problems.

  12. Monitoring

    54% Skill level

    Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.

  13. Active learning

    52% Skill level

    Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.

  14. Technology design

    52% Skill level

    Designing and improving equipment and technology.

  15. Writing

    50% Skill level

    Writing things for co-workers or customers.

  16. Coordination with others

    48% Skill level

    Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.

  17. Instructing

    48% Skill level

    Teaching people how to do something.

  18. Management of personnel resources

    46% Skill level

    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.

  19. Learning strategies

    45% Skill level

    Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.

  20. Persuasion

    43% Skill level

    Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.

Abilities

Workers use these physical and mental abilities.

  1. Oral comprehension

    59% Skill level

    Listen to and understand what people say.

  2. Deductive reasoning

    57% Skill level

    Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.

  3. Inductive reasoning

    57% Skill level

    Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.

  4. Near vision

    57% Skill level

    See details that are up-close (within a few feet).

  5. Problem spotting

    57% Skill level

    Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.

  6. Mathematics

    57% Skill level

    Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.

  7. Oral expression

    57% Skill level

    Communicate by speaking.

  8. Written comprehension

    57% Skill level

    Read and understand written information.

  9. Sorting or ordering

    55% Skill level

    Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  10. Brainstorming

    55% Skill level

    Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.

  11. Categorising

    55% Skill level

    Come up with different ways of grouping things.

  12. Originality

    55% Skill level

    Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.

  13. Written expression

    55% Skill level

    Write in a way that people can understand.

  14. Working with numbers

    52% Skill level

    Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.

  15. Flexibility of closure

    46% Skill level

    See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.

  16. Selective attention

    46% Skill level

    Pay attention to something without being distracted.

  17. Speech recognition

    46% Skill level

    Identify and understand the speech of another person.

  18. Perceptual speed

    45% Skill level

    Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.

  19. Speech clarity

    43% Skill level

    Speak clearly so others can understand you.

  20. Speed of recognition

    41% Skill level

    Quickly make sense of and organize things you can see like letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Working with computers

    83% Skill level

    Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

  2. Keeping your knowledge up-to-date

    83% Skill level

    Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.

  3. Planning and prioritising work

    75% Skill level

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  4. Thinking creatively

    74% Skill level

    Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.

  5. Making sense of information and ideas

    70% Skill level

    Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.

  6. Giving expert advice

    70% Skill level

    Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.

  7. Communicating within a team

    64% Skill level

    Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  8. Making decisions and solving problems

    64% Skill level

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  9. Collecting and organising information

    63% Skill level

    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.

  10. Monitoring people, processes and things

    63% Skill level

    Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.

  11. Building good relationships

    63% Skill level

    Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.

  12. Researching and investigating

    59% Skill level

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  13. Looking for changes over time

    59% Skill level

    Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.

  14. Coordinating the work of a team

    58% Skill level

    Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.

  15. Coming up with systems and processes

    53% Skill level

    Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.

  16. Explaining things to people

    48% Skill level

    Helping people to understand and use information.

  17. Training and teaching others

    47% Skill level

    Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.

  18. Checking compliance with standards

    47% Skill level

    Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.

  19. Leading and encouraging a team

    43% Skill level

    Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

  20. Estimating amounts, costs and resources

    42% Skill level

    Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 15-1132.00 - Software Developers, Applications.

Work Environment

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Filter Work Environment

Demands

The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

  1. Electronic mail

    100% Important

    Use electronic mail.

  2. Spend time sitting

    100% Important

    Spend time sitting at work.

  3. Face-to-face discussions

    97% Important

    Talk with people face-to-face.

  4. Teamwork

    94% Important

    Work with people in a group or team.

  5. Being exact or accurate

    90% Important

    Be very exact or highly accurate.

  6. Indoors, heat controlled

    84% Important

    Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.

  7. Time pressure

    81% Important

    Work to strict deadlines.

  8. Lead or coordinate a team

    80% Important

    Lead others to do work activities.

  9. Freedom to make decisions

    79% Important

    Have freedom to make decision on your own.

  10. Unstructured work

    78% Important

    Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.

  11. Competition

    78% Important

    Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.

  12. Using your hands to handle, control, or feel

    78% Important

    Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.

  13. Contact with people

    76% Important

    Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.

  14. Making repetitive motions

    73% Important

    Spend time making repetitive motions.

  15. Telephone

    73% Important

    Talk on the telephone.

  16. Repeating same tasks

    72% Important

    Repeat the same tasks or activities (e.g., key entry) over and over, without stopping.

  17. Impact of decisions

    63% Important

    Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.

  18. Loud or uncomfortable sounds

    60% Important

    Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.

  19. Physically close to people

    60% Important

    Work physically close to other people.

  20. Consequence of error

    59% Important

    Work where mistakes have serious consequences.

Values

Work values are important to a person’s feeling of satisfaction. All six values are shown below.

  1. Working conditions

    79% Important

    Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.

  2. Recognition

    76% Important

    Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.

  3. Achievement

    71% Important

    Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

  4. Support

    71% Important

    Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.

  5. Independence

    57% Important

    Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.

  6. Relationships

    43% Important

    Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.

Interests

Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.

  1. Analytical

    95% Important

    Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.

  2. Practical

    71% Important

    Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.

  3. Administrative

    67% Important

    Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.

  4. Enterprising

    38% Important

    Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.

  5. Creative

    33% Important

    Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.

  6. Helping

    14% Important

    Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 15-1132.00 - Software Developers, Applications.

All Software and Applications Programmers

  • $2,003 Weekly Pay
  • Very strong Future Growth
  • 135,000 workers Employment Size
  • Very high skill Skill level rating
  • 90% Full-Time Full-Time Share
  • 41 hours Average full-time
  • 37 years Average age
  • 17% female Gender Share

Software and Applications Programmers design, develop, test, maintain and document program code in accordance with user requirements, and system and technical specifications.

You usually need a bachelor or postgraduate degree in a related information technology field (such as programming, software engineering, software development or computer science) to work as a Software or Applications Programmer. Some workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification.

Tasks
  • researching, consulting, analysing and evaluating system program needs
  • identifying technology limitations and deficiencies in existing systems and associated processes, procedures and methods
  • testing, debugging, diagnosing and correcting errors and faults in an applications programming language within established testing protocols, guidelines and quality standards to ensure programs and applications perform to specification
  • writing and maintaining program code to meet system requirements, system designs and technical specifications in accordance with quality accredited standards
  • writing, updating and maintaining technical program, end user documentation and operational procedures
  • providing advice, guidance and expertise in developing proposals and strategies for software design activities such as financial evaluation and costings for recommending software purchases and upgrades

You usually need a bachelor or postgraduate degree in a related information technology field (such as programming, software engineering, software development or computer science) to work as a Software or Applications Programmer. Some workers have a Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification.

Before starting a course, check it will provide you with the skills and qualifications you need. Visit

  • Course Seeker to search and compare higher education courses.
  • ComparED to compare undergraduate and postgraduate student experiences and outcomes.
  • My Skills to compare Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses, providers and student outcomes.
  • AAPathways website to explore Information and Communications Technology VET training pathways.

Employers look for Software and Applications Programmers who can communicate clearly, work well in a team and have strong computer skills.

Filter Skills & Knowledge

Knowledge

These are important topics, subjects or knowledge areas.

  1. Computers and electronics

    96% Skill level

    Circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

  2. Engineering and technology

    75% Skill level

    Use engineering, science and technology to design and produce goods and services.

  3. Mathematics

    71% Skill level

    Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, or statistics.

  4. English language

    62% Skill level

    English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

  5. Technical design

    60% Skill level

    Design techniques, tools, and principles used to make detailed technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  6. Customer and personal service

    50% Skill level

    Understanding customer needs, providing good quality service, and measuring customer satisfaction.

  7. Telecommunications

    47% Skill level

    Transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

  8. Administration and management

    44% Skill level

    Business principles involved in strategic planning, leadership, and coordinating people and resources.

  9. Education and training

    40% Skill level

    Curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

  10. Personnel and human resources

    26% Skill level

    Recruiting and training people, managing pay and other entitlements (like sick leave), and negotiating pay and conditions.

  11. Communications and media

    26% Skill level

    Media production, communication, and dissemination. Includes written, spoken, and visual media.

  12. Sales and marketing

    24% Skill level

    Showing, promoting, and selling including marketing strategy, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.

  13. Law and government

    18% Skill level

    How our laws and courts work. Government rules and regulations, and the political system.

  14. Geography

    15% Skill level

    Describing land, sea, and air, including their physical characteristics, locations, how they work together, and the location of plant, animal, and human life.

  15. Physics

    14% Skill level

    The physical laws of matter, motion and energy, and how they interact through space and time.

  16. Clerical

    13% Skill level

    Word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office work.

  17. Production and processing

    10% Skill level

    Raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and ways of making and distributing goods.

  18. Economics and accounting

    9% Skill level

    Economics and accounting, the financial markets, banking and checking and reporting of financial data.

  19. Transportation

    9% Skill level

    Moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road.

  20. Chemistry

    8% Skill level

    Chemical composition, structure, and properties. How chemicals are made, used, mixed, and can change.

Skills

Skills can be improved through training or experience.

  1. Programming

    68% Skill level

    Writing computer programs.

  2. Systems evaluation

    64% Skill level

    Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.

  3. Systems analysis

    61% Skill level

    Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect it.

  4. Judgment and decision making

    59% Skill level

    Figuring out the pros and cons of different options and choosing the best one.

  5. Complex problem solving

    59% Skill level

    Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

  6. Critical thinking

    57% Skill level

    Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

  7. Reading comprehension

    55% Skill level

    Reading work related information.

  8. Operations analysis

    54% Skill level

    Understanding needs and product requirements to create a design.

  9. Speaking

    54% Skill level

    Talking to others.

  10. Active listening

    54% Skill level

    Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

  11. Mathematics

    54% Skill level

    Using maths to solve problems.

  12. Monitoring

    54% Skill level

    Keeping track of how well work is progressing so you can make changes or improvements.

  13. Active learning

    52% Skill level

    Being able to use what you have learnt to solve problems now and again in the future.

  14. Technology design

    52% Skill level

    Designing and improving equipment and technology.

  15. Writing

    50% Skill level

    Writing things for co-workers or customers.

  16. Coordination with others

    48% Skill level

    Being adaptable and coordinating work with other people.

  17. Instructing

    48% Skill level

    Teaching people how to do something.

  18. Management of personnel resources

    46% Skill level

    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, and choosing the best people for the job.

  19. Learning strategies

    45% Skill level

    Figuring out the best way to teach or learn something new.

  20. Persuasion

    43% Skill level

    Talking people into changing their minds or their behaviour.

Abilities

Workers use these physical and mental abilities.

  1. Oral comprehension

    59% Skill level

    Listen to and understand what people say.

  2. Deductive reasoning

    57% Skill level

    Use general rules to find answers or solve problems logically.

  3. Inductive reasoning

    57% Skill level

    Use lots of detailed information to come up with answers or make general rules.

  4. Near vision

    57% Skill level

    See details that are up-close (within a few feet).

  5. Problem spotting

    57% Skill level

    Notice when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong, even if you can't solve the problem.

  6. Mathematics

    57% Skill level

    Choose the right maths method or formula to solve a problem.

  7. Oral expression

    57% Skill level

    Communicate by speaking.

  8. Written comprehension

    57% Skill level

    Read and understand written information.

  9. Sorting or ordering

    55% Skill level

    Order or arrange things in a pattern or sequence (e.g., numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  10. Brainstorming

    55% Skill level

    Come up with a number of ideas about a topic, even if the ideas aren't very good.

  11. Categorising

    55% Skill level

    Come up with different ways of grouping things.

  12. Originality

    55% Skill level

    Come up with unusual or clever ideas, or creative ways to solve a problem.

  13. Written expression

    55% Skill level

    Write in a way that people can understand.

  14. Working with numbers

    52% Skill level

    Add, subtract, multiply, or divide.

  15. Flexibility of closure

    46% Skill level

    See a pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) hidden in other distracting material.

  16. Selective attention

    46% Skill level

    Pay attention to something without being distracted.

  17. Speech recognition

    46% Skill level

    Identify and understand the speech of another person.

  18. Perceptual speed

    45% Skill level

    Use your eyes to quickly compare groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.

  19. Speech clarity

    43% Skill level

    Speak clearly so others can understand you.

  20. Speed of recognition

    41% Skill level

    Quickly make sense of and organize things you can see like letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.

Activities

These are kinds of activities workers regularly do in this job.

  1. Working with computers

    83% Skill level

    Using computers to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

  2. Keeping your knowledge up-to-date

    83% Skill level

    Keeping up-to-date with technology and new ideas.

  3. Planning and prioritising work

    75% Skill level

    Deciding on goals and putting together a detailed plan to get the work done.

  4. Thinking creatively

    74% Skill level

    Using your own ideas for developing, designing, or creating something new.

  5. Making sense of information and ideas

    70% Skill level

    Looking at, working with, and understanding data or information.

  6. Giving expert advice

    70% Skill level

    Providing guidance and expert advice to management or other groups.

  7. Communicating within a team

    64% Skill level

    Giving information to co-workers by telephone, in writing, or in person.

  8. Making decisions and solving problems

    64% Skill level

    Using information to work out the best solution and solve problems.

  9. Collecting and organising information

    63% Skill level

    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or checking information or data.

  10. Monitoring people, processes and things

    63% Skill level

    Checking objects, actions, or events, and keeping an eye out for problems.

  11. Building good relationships

    63% Skill level

    Building good working relationships and keeping them over time.

  12. Researching and investigating

    59% Skill level

    Looking for, getting and understanding different kinds of information.

  13. Looking for changes over time

    59% Skill level

    Comparing objects, actions, or events. Looking for differences between them or changes over time.

  14. Coordinating the work of a team

    58% Skill level

    Getting members of a group to work together to finish a task.

  15. Coming up with systems and processes

    53% Skill level

    Deciding on goals and figuring out what you need to do to achieve them.

  16. Explaining things to people

    48% Skill level

    Helping people to understand and use information.

  17. Training and teaching others

    47% Skill level

    Understanding the needs of others, developing training programs, and teaching or instructing.

  18. Checking compliance with standards

    47% Skill level

    Deciding whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.

  19. Leading and encouraging a team

    43% Skill level

    Encouraging and building trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

  20. Estimating amounts, costs and resources

    42% Skill level

    Working out sizes, distances, amounts, time, costs, resources, or materials needed for a task.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 15-1132.00 - Software Developers, Applications.

Learn about the daily activities, and physical and social demands faced by workers. Explore the values and work styles that workers rate as most important.

Filter Work Environment

Demands

The physical and social demands workers face most often are shown below.

  1. Electronic mail

    100% Important

    Use electronic mail.

  2. Spend time sitting

    100% Important

    Spend time sitting at work.

  3. Face-to-face discussions

    97% Important

    Talk with people face-to-face.

  4. Teamwork

    94% Important

    Work with people in a group or team.

  5. Being exact or accurate

    90% Important

    Be very exact or highly accurate.

  6. Indoors, heat controlled

    84% Important

    Work indoors with access to heating or cooling.

  7. Time pressure

    81% Important

    Work to strict deadlines.

  8. Lead or coordinate a team

    80% Important

    Lead others to do work activities.

  9. Freedom to make decisions

    79% Important

    Have freedom to make decision on your own.

  10. Unstructured work

    78% Important

    Have freedom to decide on tasks, priorities, and goals.

  11. Competition

    78% Important

    Compete with others, or be aware of competitive pressures.

  12. Using your hands to handle, control, or feel

    78% Important

    Spend time using your hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls.

  13. Contact with people

    76% Important

    Have contact with people by telephone, face-to-face, or any other way.

  14. Making repetitive motions

    73% Important

    Spend time making repetitive motions.

  15. Telephone

    73% Important

    Talk on the telephone.

  16. Repeating same tasks

    72% Important

    Repeat the same tasks or activities (e.g., key entry) over and over, without stopping.

  17. Impact of decisions

    63% Important

    Make decisions that have a large impact on other people.

  18. Loud or uncomfortable sounds

    60% Important

    Be exposed to noises and sounds that are distracting or uncomfortable.

  19. Physically close to people

    60% Important

    Work physically close to other people.

  20. Consequence of error

    59% Important

    Work where mistakes have serious consequences.

Values

Work values are important to a person’s feeling of satisfaction. All six values are shown below.

  1. Working conditions

    79% Important

    Job security and good working conditions. There is usually a steady flow of interesting work, and the pay and conditions are generally good.

  2. Recognition

    76% Important

    Advancement and the potential to lead. Workers are recognised for the work that they do, they may give directions and instructions to others, and they are looked up to in their company and their community.

  3. Achievement

    71% Important

    Results oriented. Workers are able to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

  4. Support

    71% Important

    Supportive management that stands behind employees. Workers are treated fairly by their company, they are supported by management, and have supervisors who train them well.

  5. Independence

    57% Important

    Work alone and make decisions. Workers are able to try out their own ideas, make decisions on their own, and work with little or no supervision.

  6. Relationships

    43% Important

    Serve and work with others. Workers usually get along well with each other, do things to help other people, and are rarely pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong.

Interests

Interests are the style or type of work we prefer to do. All interest areas are shown below.

  1. Analytical

    95% Important

    Ideas and thinking. Searching for facts and figuring out problems in your head.

  2. Practical

    71% Important

    Practical, hands-on work. Often with plants and animals, or materials like wood, tools, and machinery.

  3. Administrative

    67% Important

    Following set procedures and routines. Working with numbers and details more than with ideas, usually following rules.

  4. Enterprising

    38% Important

    Starting up and carrying out projects. Leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes require risk taking and often deal with business.

  5. Creative

    33% Important

    Working with forms, designs and patterns. Often need self-expression and can be done without following rules.

  6. Helping

    14% Important

    Working with people. Helping or providing service to others.

Occupational Information Network
O*NET is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
The skills and importance ratings on this page are derived from the US Department of Labor O*NET Database Version 21.2, 15-1132.00 - Software Developers, Applications.
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